Graphique Historique de l'Action
6 Mois : De Mai 2019 à Nov 2019
By Julie Wernau
BEIJING-- Carrefour SA, one of Europe's largest grocery retailers, is unloading most of its operations in China, where big-box retailers are struggling to keep pace in a market whose shoppers are turning toward nimble delivery providers.
Nanjing-based Suning.com Co. will buy an 80% stake in Carrefour China for EUR620 million($705 million), the companies said Sunday. The transaction will enable the Chinese retailer to diversify beyond consumer electronics and appliances as consumers demand all-in-one e-commerce platforms. The deal follows Suning's purchase earlier this year of 37 department stores in China owned by Dalian Wanda Group.
Once a dominant force in many Chinese cities, France's Carrefour is the latest Western company to pull back from China, where upstart domestic rivals have been better able to respond to demand. That is compounded in sectors that rely on delivery, where local competitors have ramped up logistics networks to meet Chinese expectations for speedy service.
To compete, brands such as Walmart Inc. have either partnered with one of the domestic titans that largely control the e-commerce space or sold to their competitors. Earlier this year, Amazon.com Inc. sold its third-party online marketplace in China to a competitor after years of declining market share.
Hypermarkets--stores such as Carrefour whose outlets are larger than 6,000 square meters--have been losing market share, according to Bain & Co., dropping from 23.6% in 2014 to 20.2% in 2018.
"Vegetables and meat and dairy delivered to your door, that's the tipping point we're at right now," said Michael Norris, research and strategy manager at AgencyChina. "The hypermarkets haven't quite adjusted to these changing dynamics--that it isn't necessarily shoppers finding products but products finding shoppers."
China has by far the largest online food-delivery market, with 45% of global market share, according to Sanford C. Bernstein. To compete in the fast-delivery market, the products should be within 3 kilometers of the consumer to arrive within a half-hour of ordering. Hypermarkets' locations on the edges of cities make that difficult.
The deal with Suning follows several moves by Carrefour in recent years to shore up its China business, including a partnership last year with Tencent Holdings Ltd. to benefit from the tech giant's digital expertise. Carrefour's sales in China fell 5.9% last year to EUR4.1 billion.
Suning shares closed up 3.29% at 11.62 yuan a share Monday. Suning said the partnership would combine its delivery network and digital strategy with Carrefour's global supply chain and supermarket-management experience.
Carrefour didn't respond to requests for comment.
The company helped change the retail landscape in China. When Carrefour entered the country in 1995, it was one of a handful of Western grocery chains here. The company currently operates 210 hypermarkets and 24 convenience stores in 51 Chinese cities.
"They've been around for so long, so to invest in e-commerce and e-commerce logistics and warehouses would be a totally new endeavor in what is already a very low-margin business," said Ker Zheng, an e-commerce consultant with Azoya.
In the past few years, direct delivery has become a way of life for Chinese consumers. Big data and a build-out of logistical operations have extended this trend to groceries, allowing stores to plan better and get fresher food items to customers faster.
Retail giants such as JD.com Inc., Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.'s Tmall and Walmart Inc. are experimenting with combining in-store shopping with e-commerce, while going head-to-head with newer online-only fresh-grocery providers such as Miss Fresh and Dingdong Maicai.
At Alibaba's Hema stores, shoppers browse in the same space where employees fill bags with online orders that are placed on conveyor belts. At JD.com-backed 7FRESH supermarkets, customers can inspect produce and peruse other items in person, then use a mobile app to place their orders for delivery.
By year-end, Walmart said, its more than 400 stores in China would offer one-hour delivery through its partnership with JD.com. E-commerce platforms such as Pinduoduo and Taobao, as well as WeChat, feature farmers live-streaming and selling their goods directly to consumers.
The grocery race even has retailers snatching up suppliers for popular products. In April, Tencent-backed JD.com signed a deal that grants it access to nearly a quarter of Thailand's supply of durian in a three-year agreement valued at five billion yuan ($728 million). Durian, a tropical fruit famous for its gym-sock stench, has recently become wildly popular in China.
Xiao Xiao contributed to this article.
Write to Julie Wernau at Julie.Wernau@wsj.com
(END) Dow Jones Newswires
June 24, 2019 10:01 ET (14:01 GMT)
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