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Table of Contents


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D. C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)

☑ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022

OR

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___  to  ___.

Commission file number: 1-07908

ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Delaware
74-1753147
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
17 South Briar Hollow Lane, Suite 100
Houston, Texas 77027
(Address of Principal Executive Offices, including Zip Code)
(713) 881-3600
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.10 Par Value AE NYSE American LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes þ No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No þ
A total of 4,378,316 shares of Common Stock were outstanding at August 1, 2022.


Table of Contents


ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page Number
2
3
4
5
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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)
June 30, December 31,
2022 2021
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 67,728  $ 97,825 
Restricted cash 7,853  9,492 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful
accounts of $100 and $108, respectively
267,634  137,789 
Accounts receivable – related party
Inventory 61,281  18,942 
Derivative assets 1,501  347 
Income tax receivable —  6,424 
Prepayments and other current assets 2,007  2,389 
Total current assets 408,006  273,210 
Property and equipment, net 84,528  88,036 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net 6,437  7,113 
Intangible assets, net 2,938  3,317 
Other assets 2,714  3,027 
Total assets $ 504,623  $ 374,703 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 289,381  $ 168,224 
Derivative liabilities 848  324 
Current portion of finance lease obligations 4,308  3,663 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities 2,228  2,178 
Other current liabilities 14,207  11,622 
Total current liabilities 310,972  186,011 
Other long-term liabilities:
Asset retirement obligations 2,406  2,376 
Finance lease obligations 8,609  9,672 
Operating lease liabilities 4,205  4,938 
Deferred taxes and other liabilities 10,979  11,320 
Total liabilities 337,171  214,317 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
Shareholders’ equity:
Preferred stock – $1.00 par value, 960,000 shares
authorized, none outstanding
—  — 
Common stock – $0.10 par value, 7,500,000 shares
authorized, 4,378,316 and 4,355,001 shares outstanding, respectively
436  433 
Contributed capital 17,541  16,913 
Retained earnings 149,475  143,040 
Total shareholders’ equity 167,452  160,386 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 504,623  $ 374,703 

See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Revenues:
Marketing $ 962,516  $ 463,092  $ 1,710,071  $ 767,115 
Transportation 29,534  23,497  56,224  44,732 
Pipeline and storage —  155  —  388 
Total revenues 992,050  486,744  1,766,295  812,235 
Costs and expenses:
Marketing 955,511  453,081  1,691,158  748,288 
Transportation 23,674  19,078  44,539  36,538 
Pipeline and storage 606  488  1,160  1,032 
General and administrative 4,211  2,961  8,229  6,337 
Depreciation and amortization 5,088  4,801  10,101  9,854 
Total costs and expenses 989,090  480,409  1,755,187  802,049 
Operating earnings 2,960  6,335  11,108  10,186 
Other income (expense):
Interest and other income 303  62  327  196 
Interest expense (136) (204) (250) (424)
Total other income (expense), net 167  (142) 77  (228)
Earnings before income taxes 3,127  6,193  11,185  9,958 
Income tax provision (651) (1,484) (2,619) (2,441)
Net earnings $ 2,476  $ 4,709  $ 8,566  $ 7,517 
Earnings per share:
Basic net earnings per common share $ 0.57  $ 1.11  $ 1.96  $ 1.77 
Diluted net earnings per common share $ 0.56  $ 1.10  $ 1.95  $ 1.76 
Dividends per common share $ 0.24  $ 0.24  $ 0.48  $ 0.48 


See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2022 2021
Operating activities:
Net earnings $ 8,566  $ 7,517 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash
(used in) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 10,101  9,854 
Gains on sales of property (938) (265)
Provision for doubtful accounts (8) (2)
Stock-based compensation expense 458  417 
Deferred income taxes (332) (1,636)
Net change in fair value contracts (630) (25)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable (129,837) (26,109)
Accounts receivable/payable, affiliates —  (4)
Inventories (42,339) (10,376)
Income tax receivable 6,424  7,442 
Prepayments and other current assets 382  842 
Accounts payable 121,144  63,831 
Accrued liabilities 2,614  1,235 
Other 217  (614)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities (24,178) 52,107 
Investing activities:
Property and equipment additions (4,783) (3,602)
Proceeds from property sales 1,374  1,316 
Net cash used in investing activities (3,409) (2,286)
Financing activities:
Borrowings under Credit Agreement 30,000  8,000 
Repayments under Credit Agreement (30,000) — 
Principal repayments of finance lease obligations (2,306) (2,123)
Payment for financed portion of VEX acquisition —  (10,000)
Net proceeds from sale of equity 283  — 
Dividends paid on common stock (2,126) (2,062)
Net cash used in financing activities (4,149) (6,185)
(Decrease) Increase in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash (31,736) 43,636 
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at beginning of period 107,317  52,065 
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at end of period $ 75,581  $ 95,701 


See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except per share data)
Total
Common Contributed Retained Shareholders’
Stock Capital Earnings Equity
Balance, January 1, 2022
$ 433  $ 16,913  $ 143,040  $ 160,386 
Net earnings —  —  6,090  6,090 
Stock-based compensation expense —  195  —  195 
Vesting of restricted awards (2) —  — 
Cancellation of shares withheld to cover
taxes upon vesting of restricted awards —  (86) —  (86)
Dividends declared:
Common stock, $0.24/share
—  —  (1,048) (1,048)
Awards under LTIP, $0.24/share
—  —  (16) (16)
Balance, March 31, 2022
435  17,020  148,066  165,521 
Net earnings —  —  2,476  2,476 
Stock-based compensation expense —  263  —  263 
Cancellation of shares withheld to cover
taxes upon vesting of restricted awards —  (24) —  (24)
Shares sold at the market 282  —  283 
Dividends declared:
Common stock, $0.24/share
—  —  (1,049) (1,049)
Awards under LTIP, $0.24/share
—  —  (18) (18)
Balance, June 30, 2022
$ 436  $ 17,541  $ 149,475  $ 167,452 
Total
Common Contributed Retained Shareholders’
Stock Capital Earnings Equity
Balance, January 1, 2021
$ 423  $ 13,340  $ 135,329  $ 149,092 
Net earnings —  —  2,808  2,808 
Stock-based compensation expense —  185  —  185 
Cancellation of shares withheld to cover
taxes upon vesting of restricted awards —  (31) —  (31)
Dividends declared:
Common stock, $0.24/share
—  —  (1,019) (1,019)
Awards under LTIP, $0.24/share
—  —  (18) (18)
Balance, March 31, 2021
423  13,494  137,100  151,017 
Net earnings —  —  4,709  4,709 
Stock-based compensation expense —  232  —  232 
Vesting of restricted awards (1) —  — 
Cancellation of shares withheld to cover
  taxes upon vesting of restricted awards —  (70) —  (70)
Dividends declared:
Common stock, $0.24/share
—  —  (1,021) (1,021)
Awards under LTIP, $0.24/share
—  —  (16) (16)
Balance, June 30, 2021
$ 424  $ 13,655  $ 140,772  $ 154,851 

See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1. Organization and Basis of Presentation

Organization

Adams Resources & Energy, Inc. is a publicly traded Delaware corporation organized in 1973, the common shares of which are listed on the NYSE American LLC under the ticker symbol “AE”. Through our subsidiaries, we are primarily engaged in crude oil marketing, transportation, terminalling and storage in various crude oil and natural gas basins in the lower 48 states of the United States (“U.S.”). We also conduct tank truck transportation of liquid chemicals, pressurized gases, asphalt and dry bulk primarily in the lower 48 states of the U.S. with deliveries into Canada and Mexico, and with nineteen terminals across the U.S. Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “we,” “us,” “our” or “Company” are intended to mean the business and operations of Adams Resources & Energy, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.  

We operate and report in three business segments: (i) crude oil marketing, transportation and storage; (ii) tank truck transportation of liquid chemicals, pressurized gases, asphalt and dry bulk; and (iii) pipeline transportation, terminalling and storage of crude oil. See Note 7 for further information regarding our business segments.

Basis of Presentation

Our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of results expected for the full year of 2022. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments consisting of normal recurring accruals necessary for fair presentation.  The condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial statements and the rules of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures required by GAAP for complete annual financial statements have been omitted and, therefore, these interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the “2021 Form 10-K”) filed with the SEC on March 9, 2022. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to use estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other assumptions and information we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be perceived with certainty and, accordingly, these estimates may change as new events occur, as more experience is acquired, as additional information is obtained and as the operating environment changes. While we believe the estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements are appropriate, actual results could differ from those estimates.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash as reported in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets that totals to the amounts shown in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

June 30, December 31,
2022 2021
Cash and cash equivalents $ 67,728  $ 97,825 
Restricted cash:
Captive insurance subsidiary (1)
7,853  9,492 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the
unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows $ 75,581  $ 107,317 
_____________
(1)$1.5 million of the restricted cash balance relates to the initial capitalization of our captive insurance company formed in late 2020, and the remainder represents amounts paid to our captive insurance company for insurance premiums.

Common Shares Outstanding

The following table reconciles our outstanding common stock for the periods indicated:

Common
shares
Balance, January 1, 2022
4,355,001 
Vesting of restricted stock unit awards (see Note 11)
15,966 
Shares withheld to cover taxes upon vesting of restricted stock unit awards (3,101)
Balance, March 31, 2022
4,367,866 
Vesting of restricted stock unit awards (see Note 11)
2,953 
Shares withheld to cover taxes upon vesting of restricted stock unit awards (705)
Shares sold at the market 8,202 
Balance, June 30, 2022
4,378,316 

Credit Agreement

At June 30, 2022, we had no borrowings outstanding under our $40.0 million Credit Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“Credit Agreement”) and $5.7 million of letters of credit issued under the Credit Agreement at a fee of 1.75 percent per annum. At June 30, 2022, we were in compliance with all financial covenants under the Credit Agreement. However, as of June 30, 2022, we obtained a waiver relating to a breach of a non-financial covenant in connection with our failure to timely notify the lender of the creation of a new holding company subsidiary.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing our net earnings by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by giving effect to all potential common shares outstanding, including our shares related to unvested restricted stock unit awards. Unvested restricted stock unit awards granted under the Adams Resources & Energy, Inc. 2018 Long-Term Incentive Plan, as amended and restated (“2018 LTIP”) are not considered to be participating securities as the holders of these shares do not have non-forfeitable dividend rights in the event of our declaration of a dividend for common shares (see Note 11 for further discussion).

A reconciliation of the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share was as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands, except per share data):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Earnings per share — numerator:
Net earnings $ 2,476  $ 4,709  $ 8,566  $ 7,517 
Denominator:
Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding 4,371  4,254  4,365  4,250 
Basic earnings per share $ 0.57  $ 1.11  $ 1.96  $ 1.77 
Diluted earnings per share:
Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding:
Common shares 4,371  4,254  4,365  4,250 
Restricted stock unit awards 21  13  22  15 
Performance share unit awards (1)
12  12 
Total diluted shares 4,404  4,273  4,399  4,272 
Diluted earnings per share $ 0.56  $ 1.10  $ 1.95  $ 1.76 
_______________
(1)The dilutive effect of performance share awards are included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share when the performance share award performance conditions have been achieved.

Equity At-The-Market Offerings

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, we received net proceeds of approximately $0.3 million (net of offering costs to B. Riley Securities, Inc. of $14 thousand) from the sale of 8,202 of our common shares at an average price per share of approximately $37.38 in at-the-market offerings under our At Market Issuance Sales Agreement with B. Riley Securities, Inc. dated December 23, 2020.

Fair Value Measurements

The carrying amounts reported in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximates fair value because of the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments. Marketable securities are recorded at fair value based on market quotations from actively traded liquid markets.

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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
A three-tier hierarchy has been established that classifies fair value amounts recognized in the financial statements based on the observability of inputs used to estimate these fair values.  The hierarchy considers fair value amounts based on observable inputs (Levels 1 and 2) to be more reliable and predictable than those based primarily on unobservable inputs (Level 3).  At each balance sheet reporting date, we categorize our financial assets and liabilities using this hierarchy.

Fair value contracts consist of derivative financial instruments and are recorded as either an asset or liability measured at its fair value. Changes in fair value are recognized immediately in earnings unless the derivatives qualify for, and we elect, cash flow hedge accounting. We had no contracts designated for hedge accounting during any current reporting periods (see Note 10 for further information).

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Under this approach, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized based on anticipated future tax consequences attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of these items and their respective tax basis.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) was enacted and signed into law in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The CARES Act, among other things, permits net operating losses (“NOL”) incurred in tax years 2018, 2019 and 2020 to offset 100 percent of taxable income and be carried back to each of the five preceding taxable years to generate a refund of previously paid income taxes. We carried back our NOL for fiscal year 2020 to fiscal years 2015 and 2016, and in June 2022, we received a cash refund of approximately $6.8 million.

Inventory

Inventory consists of crude oil held in storage tanks and at third-party pipelines as part of our crude oil marketing and pipeline and storage operations. Crude oil inventory is carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. At the end of each reporting period, we assess the carrying value of our inventory and make adjustments necessary to reduce the carrying value to the applicable net realizable value. Any resulting adjustments are a component of marketing costs and expenses or pipeline and storage expenses on our consolidated statements of operations. No charges were recognized during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment is recorded at cost. Expenditures for additions, improvements and other enhancements to property and equipment are capitalized, and minor replacements, maintenance and repairs that do not extend asset life or add value are charged to expense as incurred. When property and equipment assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation is removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is included in results of operations in operating costs and expenses for the respective period. Property and equipment, except for land, is depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated average useful lives ranging from two to thirty-nine years.

We review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever there is evidence that the carrying value of these assets may not be recoverable. Any impairment recognized is permanent and may not be restored. Property and equipment is reviewed at the lowest level of identifiable cash flows. For property and equipment requiring impairment, the fair value is estimated based on an internal discounted cash flow model of future cash flows.

See Note 5 for additional information regarding our property and equipment.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Stock-Based Compensation

We measure all share-based payment awards, including the issuance of restricted stock unit awards and performance share unit awards to employees and board members, using a fair-value based method. The cost of services received from employees and non-employee board members in exchange for awards of equity instruments is recognized in the consolidated statements of operations based on the estimated fair value of those awards on the grant date and is amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. The fair value of restricted stock unit awards and performance share unit awards is based on the closing price of our common stock on the grant date. We account for forfeitures as they occur. See Note 11 for additional information regarding our 2018 LTIP.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue Disaggregation

The following table disaggregates our revenue by segment and by major source for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Reporting Segments
Crude Oil Marketing Transportation Pipeline and storage Total
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
Revenues from contracts with customers $ 952,325  $ 29,534  $ —  $ 981,859 
Other (1)
10,191  —  —  10,191 
Total revenues $ 962,516  $ 29,534  $ —  $ 992,050 
Timing of revenue recognition:
Goods transferred at a point in time $ 952,325  $ —  $ —  $ 952,325 
Services transferred over time —  29,534  —  29,534 
Total revenues from contracts with customers $ 952,325  $ 29,534  $ —  $ 981,859 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Revenues from contracts with customers $ 452,820  $ 23,497  $ 155  $ 476,472 
Other (1)
10,272  —  —  10,272 
Total revenues $ 463,092  $ 23,497  $ 155  $ 486,744 
Timing of revenue recognition:
Goods transferred at a point in time $ 452,820  $ —  $ —  $ 452,820 
Services transferred over time —  23,497  155  23,652 
Total revenues from contracts with customers $ 452,820  $ 23,497  $ 155  $ 476,472 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Revenues from contracts with customers $ 1,698,550  $ 56,224  $ —  $ 1,754,774 
Other (1)
11,521  —  —  11,521 
Total revenues $ 1,710,071  $ 56,224  $ —  $ 1,766,295 
Timing of revenue recognition:
Goods transferred at a point in time $ 1,698,550  $ —  $ —  $ 1,698,550 
Services transferred over time —  56,224  —  56,224 
Total revenues from contracts with customers $ 1,698,550  $ 56,224  $ —  $ 1,754,774 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Revenues from contracts with customers $ 750,295  $ 44,732  $ 388  $ 795,415 
Other (1)
16,820  —  —  16,820 
Total revenues $ 767,115  $ 44,732  $ 388  $ 812,235 
Timing of revenue recognition:
Goods transferred at a point in time $ 750,295  $ —  $ —  $ 750,295 
Services transferred over time —  44,732  388  45,120 
Total revenues from contracts with customers $ 750,295  $ 44,732  $ 388  $ 795,415 
_______________
(1)Other crude oil marketing revenues are recognized under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and ASC 845, Nonmonetary Transactions – Purchases and Sales of Inventory with the Same Counterparty.
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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Other Crude Oil Marketing Revenue

Certain of the commodity purchase and sale contracts utilized by our crude oil marketing business qualify as derivative instruments with certain specifically identified contracts also designated as trading activity. From the time of contract origination, these contracts are marked-to-market and recorded on a net revenue basis in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Certain of our crude oil contracts may be with a single counterparty to provide for similar quantities of crude oil to be bought and sold at different locations. These contracts are entered into for a variety of reasons, including effecting the transportation of the commodity, to minimize credit exposure, and/or to meet the competitive demands of the customer. These buy/sell arrangements are reflected on a net revenue basis in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Reporting these crude oil contracts on a gross revenue basis would increase our reported revenues as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Revenue gross-up $ 419,081  $ 189,512  $ 726,467  $ 324,378 


Note 4. Prepayments and Other Current Assets

The components of prepayments and other current assets were as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

June 30, December 31,
2022 2021
Insurance premiums $ 724  $ 641 
Vendor prepayment —  602 
Rents, licenses and other 1,283  1,146 
Total prepayments and other current assets $ 2,007  $ 2,389 


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 5. Property and Equipment

The historical costs of our property and equipment and related accumulated depreciation and amortization balances were as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):
Estimated
Useful Life June 30, December 31,
in Years 2022 2021
Tractors and trailers
5 – 6
$ 109,390  $ 106,558 
Field equipment
2 – 5
22,959  22,851 
Finance lease ROU assets (1)
3 – 6
20,929  22,349 
Pipeline and related facilities
20 – 25
20,408  20,336 
Linefill and base gas (2)
N/A 3,922  3,922 
Buildings
5 – 39
16,163  16,163 
Office equipment
2 – 5
2,888  2,060 
Land N/A 2,008  2,008 
Construction in progress N/A 1,507  3,396 
Total 200,174  199,643 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization (115,646) (111,607)
Property and equipment, net $ 84,528  $ 88,036 
_______________
(1)Our finance lease right-of-use (“ROU)” assets arise from leasing arrangements for the right to use various classes of underlying assets including tractors, trailers, a tank storage and throughput arrangement and office equipment (see Note 13 for further information). Accumulated amortization of the assets presented as “Finance lease ROU assets” was $8.9 million and $9.8 million at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
(2)Linefill and base gas represents crude oil in the VEX pipeline and storage tanks we own, and the crude oil is recorded at historical cost.

Components of depreciation and amortization expense were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Depreciation and amortization, excluding amounts under finance leases $ 3,827  $ 3,591  $ 7,632  $ 7,504 
Amortization of property and equipment under finance leases 1,261  1,210  2,469  2,350 
Total depreciation and amortization $ 5,088  $ 4,801  $ 10,101  $ 9,854 


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 6. Other Assets

Components of other assets were as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

June 30, December 31,
2022 2021
Amounts associated with liability insurance program:
Insurance collateral deposits $ 375  $ 721 
Excess loss fund 622  622 
Accumulated interest income 515  489 
Other amounts:
State collateral deposits 36  36 
Materials and supplies 652  574 
Debt issuance costs 229  292 
Other 285  293 
Total other assets $ 2,714  $ 3,027 

We have established certain deposits to support participation in our liability insurance program and remittance of state crude oil severance taxes and other state collateral deposits. Insurance collateral deposits are held by the insurance company to cover past or potential open claims based upon a percentage of the maximum assessment under our insurance policies. Insurance collateral deposits are invested at the discretion of our insurance carrier. Excess amounts in our loss fund represent premium payments in excess of claims incurred to date that we may be entitled to recover through settlement or commutation as claim periods are closed. Interest income is earned on the majority of amounts held by the insurance companies and will be paid to us upon settlement of policy years.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 7. Segment Reporting

We operate and report in three business segments: (i) crude oil marketing, transportation and storage; (ii) tank truck transportation of liquid chemicals, pressurized gases, asphalt and dry bulk; and (iii) pipeline transportation, terminalling and storage of crude oil.

Financial information by reporting segment was as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Reporting Segments
Crude Oil Marketing Transportation Pipeline and storage Other Total
Three Months Ended June 30, 2022
Segment revenues (1)
$ 962,516  $ 29,621  $ 2,060  $ —  $ 994,197 
Less: Intersegment revenues (1)
—  (87) (2,060) —  (2,147)
Revenues $ 962,516  $ 29,534  $ —  $ —  $ 992,050 
Segment operating earnings (losses) (2)
5,111  2,937  (877) —  7,171 
Depreciation and amortization 1,894  2,923  271  —  5,088 
Property and equipment additions (3) (4)
884  159  46  —  1,089 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Segment revenues (1)
$ 463,092  $ 23,535  $ 651  $ —  $ 487,278 
Less: Intersegment revenues (1)
—  (38) (496) —  (534)
Revenues $ 463,092  $ 23,497  $ 155  $ —  $ 486,744 
Segment operating earnings (losses) (2)
8,370  1,482  (556) —  9,296 
Depreciation and amortization 1,641  2,937  223  —  4,801 
Property and equipment additions (3) (4)
492  2,761  179  —  3,432 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2022
Segment revenues (1)
$ 1,710,071  $ 56,398  $ 4,120  $ —  $ 1,770,589 
Less: Intersegment revenues (1)
—  (174) (4,120) —  (4,294)
Revenues $ 1,710,071  $ 56,224  $ —  $ —  $ 1,766,295 
Segment operating earnings (losses) (2)
15,231  5,805  (1,699) —  19,337 
Depreciation and amortization 3,682  5,880  539  —  10,101 
Property and equipment additions (3) (4)
4,008  694  73  4,783 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Segment revenues (1)
$ 767,115  $ 44,803  $ 1,070  $ —  $ 812,988 
Less: Intersegment revenues (1)
—  (71) (682) —  (753)
Revenues $ 767,115  $ 44,732  $ 388  $ —  $ 812,235 
Segment operating earnings (losses) (2)
15,388  2,256  (1,121) —  16,523 
Depreciation and amortization 3,439  5,938  477  —  9,854 
Property and equipment additions(3) (4) (5)
702  2,703  189  3,602 
_______________
(1)Segment revenues include intersegment amounts that are eliminated due to consolidation in operating costs and expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. Intersegment activities are conducted at posted tariff rates where applicable, or otherwise at rates similar to those charged to third parties or rates that we believe approximate market at the time the agreement is executed.

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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(2)Our crude oil marketing segment’s operating earnings included inventory valuation losses of $1.5 million and inventory liquidation gains of $3.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, our crude oil marketing segment’s operating earnings included inventory liquidation gains of $7.2 million and $10.6 million, respectively.
(3)Our segment property and equipment additions do not include assets acquired under finance leases during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. See Note 13 for further information.
(4)Amounts included in property and equipment additions for Other are additions for computer equipment at our corporate headquarters, which were not attributed or allocated to any of our reporting segments.
(5)During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we received a refund of approximately $0.3 million for amounts previously spent in our transportation segment, which has been reflected as a reduction in property and equipment additions.

Segment operating earnings reflect revenues net of operating costs and depreciation and amortization expense and are reconciled to earnings before income taxes, as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Segment operating earnings $ 7,171  $ 9,296  $ 19,337  $ 16,523 
General and administrative (4,211) (2,961) (8,229) (6,337)
Operating earnings 2,960  6,335  11,108  10,186 
Interest and other income 303  62  327  196 
Interest expense (136) (204) (250) (424)
Earnings before income taxes $ 3,127  $ 6,193  $ 11,185  $ 9,958 

Identifiable assets by business segment were as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

June 30, December 31,
2022 2021
Reporting segment:
Crude oil marketing $ 332,711  $ 162,770 
Transportation 66,138  67,167 
Pipeline and storage 25,067  25,569 
Cash and other (1)
80,707  119,197 
Total assets $ 504,623  $ 374,703 
_______________
(1)Other identifiable assets are primarily corporate cash, corporate accounts receivable, properties and operating lease right-of-use assets not identified with any specific segment of our business.

Accounting policies for transactions between reportable segments are consistent with applicable accounting policies as disclosed herein.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 8. Transactions with Affiliates

We enter into certain transactions in the normal course of business with affiliated entities including direct cost reimbursement for shared phone and administrative services from KSA Industries, Inc. (“KSA”), an affiliated entity. We lease our corporate office space in a building operated by 17 South Briar Hollow Lane, LLC, an affiliate of KSA.

Activities with affiliates were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Affiliate billings to us $ —  $ —  $ $ 12 
Billings to affiliates 10 
Rentals paid to affiliate 138  143  252  317 

During the six months ended June 30, 2022, we paid West Point Buick GMC, an affiliate of KSA, a total of approximately $0.1 million (net of trade-in values) for the purchase of two pickup trucks. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we paid West Point Buick GMC, an affiliate of KSA, a total of approximately $0.4 million (net of trade-in values) for the purchase of eight pickup trucks.


Note 9. Other Current Liabilities

The components of other current liabilities were as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

June 30, December 31,
2022 2021
Accrual for payroll, benefits and bonuses $ 5,317  $ 5,210 
Accrued automobile and workers’ compensation claims 4,075  4,127 
Accrued medical claims 1,618  1,100 
Accrued taxes 2,488  534 
Other 709  651 
Total other current liabilities $ 14,207  $ 11,622 


Note 10. Derivative Instruments and Fair Value Measurements

Derivative Instruments

In the normal course of our operations, our crude oil marketing segment purchases and sells crude oil. We seek to profit by procuring the commodity as it is produced and then delivering the material to the end users or the intermediate use marketplace. As typical for the industry, these transactions are made pursuant to the terms of forward month commodity purchase and/or sale contracts. Some of these contracts meet the definition of a derivative instrument, and therefore, we account for these contracts at fair value, unless the normal purchase and sale exception is applicable. These types of underlying contracts are standard for the industry and are the governing document for our crude oil marketing segment. None of our derivative instruments have been designated as hedging instruments.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
At June 30, 2022, we had in place eight commodity purchase and sale contracts which had a fair value associated with them as the contractual prices of crude oil were outside of the range of prices specified in the agreements. These commodity purchase and sale contracts encompass approximately 324 barrels per day of crude oil during July 2022 through December 2022, and also include purchase and sale contracts entered into in May 2022 for an additional 300,000 barrels of crude oil in July 2022.
At December 31, 2021, we had in place four commodity purchase and sale contracts, of which two had a fair value associated with them as the contractual prices of crude oil were outside the range of prices specified in the agreements. These commodity purchase and sale contracts encompassed approximately 324 barrels per day of crude oil during January 2022 through December 2022.
The estimated fair value of forward month commodity contracts (derivatives) reflected in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets were as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

Balance Sheet Location and Amount
Current Other Current Other
Assets Assets Liabilities Liabilities
June 30, 2022
Asset derivatives:
Fair value forward hydrocarbon commodity
contracts at gross valuation $ 1,501  $ —  $ —  $ — 
Liability derivatives:
Fair value forward hydrocarbon commodity
contracts at gross valuation —  —  848  — 
Less counterparty offsets —  —  —  — 
As reported fair value contracts $ 1,501  $ —  $ 848  $ — 
December 31, 2021
Asset derivatives:
Fair value forward hydrocarbon commodity
contracts at gross valuation $ 347  $ —  $ —  $ — 
Liability derivatives:
Fair value forward hydrocarbon commodity
contracts at gross valuation —  —  324  — 
Less counterparty offsets —  —  —  — 
As reported fair value contracts $ 347  $ —  $ 324  $ — 

We only enter into commodity contracts with creditworthy counterparties and evaluate our exposure to significant counterparties on an ongoing basis. At June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, we were not holding nor have we posted any collateral to support our forward month fair value derivative activity. We are not subject to any credit-risk related trigger events. We have no other financial investment arrangements that would serve to offset our derivative contracts.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Forward month commodity contracts (derivatives) reflected in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Gains (losses)
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Revenues – marketing $ (14) $ $ $ 25 
Cost and expenses – marketing 625  —  625  — 

Fair Value Measurements

The following tables set forth, by level with the Level 1, 2 and 3 fair value hierarchy, the carrying values of our financial assets and liabilities at the dates indicated (in thousands):

Fair Value Measurements Using
Quoted Prices
in Active Significant
Markets for Other Significant
Identical Assets Observable Unobservable
and Liabilities Inputs Inputs Counterparty
(Level 1) (Level 2) (Level 3) Offsets Total
June 30, 2022
Derivatives:
Current assets $ —  $ 1,501  $ —  $ —  $ 1,501 
Current liabilities —  (848) —  —  (848)
Net value $ —  $ 653  $ —  $ —  $ 653 
December 31, 2021
Derivatives:
Current assets $ —  $ 347  $ —  $ —  $ 347 
Current liabilities —  (324) —  —  (324)
Net value $ —  $ 23  $ —  $ —  $ 23 

These assets and liabilities are measured on a recurring basis and are classified based on the lowest level of input used to estimate their fair value. Our assessment of the relative significance of these inputs requires judgments.

When determining fair value measurements, we make credit valuation adjustments to reflect both our own nonperformance risk and our counterparty’s nonperformance risk. When adjusting the fair value of derivative contracts for the effect of nonperformance risk, we consider the impact of netting and any applicable credit enhancements. Credit valuation adjustments utilize Level 3 inputs, such as credit scores to evaluate the likelihood of default by us or our counterparties. At June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, credit valuation adjustments were not significant to the overall valuation of our fair value contracts. As a result, applicable fair value assets and liabilities are included in their entirety in the fair value hierarchy.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 11. Stock-Based Compensation Plan

We have in place a long-term incentive plan in which any employee or non-employee director who provides services to us is eligible to participate. The 2018 LTIP, which is overseen by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors, provides for the grant of various types of equity awards, of which restricted stock unit awards and performance-based compensation awards have been granted. In May 2022, our shareholders approved an amendment and restatement of the 2018 LTIP, in which the maximum number of shares authorized for issuance under the 2018 LTIP was increased by 150,000 shares to a total of 300,000 shares, and the effective date of the 2018 LTIP was extended to February 23, 2032. After giving effect to awards granted and forfeitures made under the 2018 LTIP and assuming the potential achievement of the maximum amounts of the performance factors through June 30, 2022, a total of 154,975 shares were available for issuance.

Compensation expense recognized in connection with equity-based awards was as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):
Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Compensation expense $ 263  $ 232  $ 458  $ 417 

At June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, we had $91,200 and $82,500, respectively, of accrued dividend amounts for awards granted under the 2018 LTIP.

Restricted Stock Unit Awards

The following table presents restricted stock unit award activity for the periods indicated:
Weighted-
Average Grant
Number of Date Fair Value
Shares
per Share (1)
Restricted stock unit awards at January 1, 2022
38,265  $ 28.78 
Granted (2)
26,796  $ 31.83 
Vested (18,919) $ 29.11 
Forfeited (1,673) $ 30.64 
Restricted stock unit awards at June 30, 2022
44,469  $ 30.41 
_______________
(1)Determined by dividing the aggregate grant date fair value of awards by the number of awards issued.
(2)The aggregate grant date fair value of restricted stock unit awards issued during 2022 was $0.9 million based on a grant date market price of our common shares ranging from $31.80 to $37.42 per share.

Unrecognized compensation cost associated with restricted stock unit awards was approximately $0.9 million at June 30, 2022. Due to the graded vesting provisions of these awards, we expect to recognize the remaining compensation cost for these awards over a weighted-average period of 1.5 years.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Performance Share Unit Awards

The following table presents performance share unit award activity for the periods indicated:
Weighted-
Average Grant
Number of Date Fair Value
Shares
per Share (1)
Performance share unit awards at January 1, 2022
21,492  $ 26.64 
Granted (2)
13,458  $ 31.80 
Vested —  $ — 
Forfeited (756) $ 31.42 
Performance share unit awards at June 30, 2022
34,194  $ 28.57 
_______________
(1)Determined by dividing the aggregate grant date fair value of awards by the number of awards issued.
(2)The aggregate grant date fair value of performance share unit awards issued during 2022 was $0.4 million based on a grant date market price of our common shares of $31.80 per share and assuming a performance factor of 100 percent.

Unrecognized compensation cost associated with performance share unit awards was approximately $0.6 million at June 30, 2022. We expect to recognize the remaining compensation cost for these awards over a weighted-average period of 2.2 years.


Note 12. Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Supplemental cash flows and non-cash transactions were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2022 2021
Cash paid for interest $ 250  $ 424 
Cash paid for federal and state income taxes 1,313  258 
Cash refund for NOL carryback under CARES Act 6,907  3,712 
Non-cash transactions:
Change in accounts payable related to property and equipment additions —  (1,238)
Property and equipment acquired under finance leases 1,888  2,083 

See Note 13 for information related to other non-cash transactions related to leases.


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 13. Leases

The following table provides the components of lease expense for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of ROU assets $ 1,261  $ 1,210  $ 2,469  $ 2,350 
Interest on lease liabilities 78  110  158  220 
Operating lease cost 676  623  1,349  1,247 
Short-term lease cost 3,802  3,448  7,583  6,698 
Variable lease cost 10 
Total lease expense $ 5,821  $ 5,392  $ 11,569  $ 10,517 

The following table provides supplemental cash flow and other information related to leases for the periods indicated (in thousands):
Six Months Ended
June 30,
2022 2021
Cash paid for amounts included in measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases (1)
$ 1,347  $ 1,244 
Operating cash flows from finance leases 139  187 
Financing cash flows from finance leases 2,306  2,123 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities:
Finance leases 1,888  2,083 
Operating leases 549  285 
______________
(1)Amounts are included in Other operating activities on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

The following table provides the lease terms and discount rates for the periods indicated:

Six Months Ended
June 30,
2022 2021
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years):
Finance leases 3.16 3.92
Operating leases 3.53 4.13
Weighted-average discount rate:
Finance leases 2.5% 2.7%
Operating leases 3.7% 4.2%


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The following table provides supplemental balance sheet information related to leases at the dates indicated (in thousands):
June 30, December 31,
2022 2021
Assets
Finance lease ROU assets (1)
$ 12,012  $ 12,590 
Operating lease ROU assets 6,437  7,113 
Liabilities
Current
Finance lease liabilities 4,308  3,663 
Operating lease liabilities 2,228  2,178 
Noncurrent
Finance lease liabilities 8,609  9,672 
Operating lease liabilities 4,205  4,938 
______________
(1)Amounts are included in Property and equipment, net on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The following table provides maturities of undiscounted lease liabilities at June 30, 2022 (in thousands):

Finance Operating
Lease Lease
Remainder of 2022 $ 2,429  $ 1,298 
2023 3,691  2,176 
2024 2,450  1,996 
2025 3,873  458 
2026 903  387 
Thereafter 154  478 
Total lease payments 13,500  6,793 
Less: Interest (583) (360)
Present value of lease liabilities 12,917  6,433 
Less: Current portion of lease obligation (4,308) (2,228)
Total long-term lease obligation $ 8,609  $ 4,205 


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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The following table provides maturities of undiscounted lease liabilities at December 31, 2021 (in thousands):
Finance Operating
Lease Lease
2022 $ 3,941  $ 2,399 
2023 3,143  2,080 
2024 2,348  1,911 
2025 3,771  394 
2026 801  333 
Thereafter —  455 
Total lease payments 14,004  7,572 
Less: Interest (669) (456)
Present value of lease liabilities 13,335  7,116 
Less: Current portion of lease obligation (3,663) (2,178)
Total long-term lease obligation $ 9,672  $ 4,938 


Note 14. Commitments and Contingencies

Insurance

We have accrued liabilities for estimated workers’ compensation and other casualty claims incurred based upon claim reserves plus an estimate for loss development and incurred but not reported claims. We self-insure a significant portion of expected losses relating to workers’ compensation, general liability and automobile liability, with a self-insured retention of $1.0 million. Insurance is purchased over our retention to reduce our exposure to catastrophic events. Estimates are recorded for potential and incurred outstanding liabilities for workers’ compensation, auto and general liability claims and claims that are incurred but not reported. Estimates are based on adjusters’ estimates, historical experience and statistical methods commonly used within the insurance industry that we believe are reliable. We have also engaged a third-party actuary to perform a review of our accrued liability for these claims as well as potential funded losses in our captive insurance company. Insurance estimates include certain assumptions and management judgments regarding the frequency and severity of claims, claim development and settlement practices and the selection of estimated loss among estimates derived using different methods. Unanticipated changes in these factors may produce materially different amounts of expense that would be reported under these programs.

On October 1, 2020, we elected to utilize a wholly owned insurance captive to insure the self-insured retention for our workers’ compensation, general liability and automobile liability insurance programs. All accrued liabilities associated with periods from October 1, 2017 through current were transferred to the captive.

We maintain excess property and casualty programs with third-party insurers in an effort to limit the financial impact of significant events covered under these programs. Our operating subsidiaries pay premiums to both the excess and reinsurance carriers and our captive for the estimated losses based on an external actuarial analysis. These premiums held by our wholly owned captive are currently held in a restricted account, resulting in a transfer of risk from our operating subsidiaries to the captive.

We also maintain a self-insurance program for managing employee medical claims in excess of employee deductibles. As claims are paid, the liability is relieved. We also maintain third party insurance stop-loss coverage for individual medical claims exceeding a certain minimum threshold. In addition, we maintain $1.2 million of umbrella insurance coverage for annual aggregate medical claims exceeding approximately $11.5 million.

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ADAMS RESOURCES & ENERGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Our accruals for automobile, workers’ compensation and medical claims were as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

June 30, December 31,
2022 2021
Pre-funded premiums for losses incurred but not reported $ 95  $ 50 
Accrued automobile and workers’ compensation claims 4,075  4,127 
Accrued medical claims 1,618  1,100 

Litigation

From time to time as incidental to our operations, we may become involved in various lawsuits and/or disputes. Primarily as an operator of an extensive trucking fleet, we are a party to motor vehicle accidents, worker compensation claims and other items of general liability as would be typical for the industry. We are presently unaware of any claims against us that are either outside the scope of insurance coverage or that may exceed the level of insurance coverage and could potentially represent a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.


Note 15. Subsequent Event

On August 11, 2022, we entered into an amendment to our Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement Amendment”). Pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement Amendment, we may now borrow or issue letters of credit in an aggregate of up to $60.0 million. The Credit Agreement Amendment also extended the maturity of the facility to August 11, 2025.
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Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following information should be read in conjunction with our Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q and the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes, together with our discussion and analysis of financial position and results of operations, included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the “2021 Form 10-K”), as filed on March 9, 2022 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  Our financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”).


Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Information

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains various forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and information that are based on our beliefs, as well as assumptions made by us and information currently available to us. When used in this document, words such as “anticipate,” “project,” “expect,” “plan,” “seek,” “goal,” “estimate,” “forecast,” “intend,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “will,” “believe,” “may,” “potential” and similar expressions and statements regarding our plans and objectives for future operations are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Although we believe that our expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot give any assurances that such expectations will prove to be correct.  Forward-looking statements are subject to a variety of risks, uncertainties and assumptions as described in more detail under Part I, Item 1A of our 2021 Form 10-K.  If one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or if underlying assumptions prove incorrect, our actual results may vary materially from those anticipated, estimated, projected or expected.  You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements.  The forward-looking statements in this quarterly report speak only as of the date hereof.  Except as required by federal and state securities laws, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or any other reason.


Overview of Business

Adams Resources & Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation organized in 1973, and its subsidiaries are primarily engaged in crude oil marketing, transportation, terminalling and storage in various crude oil and natural gas basins in the lower 48 states of the United States (“U.S.”). We also conduct tank truck transportation of liquid chemicals, pressurized gases, asphalt and dry bulk primarily in the lower 48 states of the U.S. with deliveries into Canada and Mexico, and with nineteen terminals across the U.S. Unless the context requires otherwise, references to “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” are intended to mean the business and operations of Adams Resources & Energy, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.  

We operate and report in three business segments: (i) crude oil marketing, transportation and storage; (ii) tank truck transportation of liquid chemicals, pressurized gases, asphalt and dry bulk; and (iii) pipeline transportation, terminalling and storage of crude oil. See Note 7 in the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information regarding our business segments.

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Results of Operations

Crude Oil Marketing

Our crude oil marketing segment revenues, operating earnings and selected costs were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021
Change (1)
2022 2021
Change (1)
Revenues $ 962,516  $ 463,092  108  % $ 1,710,071  $ 767,115  123  %
Operating earnings (2)
5,111  8,370  (39  %) 15,231  15,388  (1  %)
Depreciation and amortization 1,894  1,641  15  % 3,682  3,439  %
Driver compensation 4,616  4,296  % 9,242  8,686  %
Insurance 1,674  1,869  (10  %) 3,408  3,846  (11  %)
Fuel 3,458  1,971  75  % 6,004  3,712  62  %
_______________
(1)Represents the percentage increase (decrease) from the prior year period.
(2)Operating earnings included inventory valuation losses of $1.5 million and inventory liquidation gains of $3.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, operating earnings included inventory liquidation gains of $7.2 million and $10.6 million, respectively, as discussed further below.

Volume and price information were as follows for the periods indicated:

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Field level purchase volumes – per day (1)
Crude oil – barrels 94,876  89,585  92,643  86,254 
Average purchase price
Crude oil – per barrel $ 107.28  $ 63.27  $ 100.21  $ 59.28 
_______________
(1)Reflects the volume purchased from third parties at the field level of operations.

Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 vs. Three Months Ended June 30, 2021. Crude oil marketing revenues increased by $499.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021, primarily as a result of an increase in the market price of crude oil, which increased revenues by approximately $445.7 million, and higher overall crude oil volumes, which increased revenues by approximately $53.7 million. The average crude oil price received was $63.27 during the three months ended June 30, 2021, which increased to $107.28 during the three months ended June 30, 2022. Revenues from legacy volumes are based upon the market price primarily in our Gulf Coast market area. The market price of crude oil has continued to increase in 2022, as it did throughout 2021, and was in excess of $100 per barrel by the end of June 2022. Many U.S. producers have been exercising capital discipline, maintaining oil production plans in spite of the crude oil price, and have been focusing capital on share buy-backs and renewables, although rig count has been increasing slowly. Contributing to the volatility in price has been the war in Europe, as well as COVID-19 outbreaks in China, supply chain issues and labor shortages, creating uncertainty for demand growth. OPEC+ has also maintained a disciplined approach, allowing only modest production increases.
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Our crude oil marketing operating earnings decreased by $3.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to higher fuel costs, higher driver compensation and inventory valuation changes (as shown in the table below), partially offset by higher crude oil prices and volumes.

Driver compensation increased by $0.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily as a result of higher volumes transported in the 2022 period as compared to the same period in 2021.

Insurance costs decreased by $0.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due in part to our safety performance in the prior year, and to a lower overall driver count in the 2022 period. Fuel costs increased by $1.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, consistent with the increase in crude oil volumes in the current period and higher fuel prices.

Depreciation and amortization increased by $0.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to the timing of purchases and retirements of tractors and other field equipment during 2021 and 2022.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 vs. Six Months Ended June 30, 2021. Crude oil marketing revenues increased by $943.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021, primarily as a result of an increase in the market price of crude oil, which increased revenues by approximately $825.0 million, and higher overall crude oil volumes, which increased revenues by approximately $118.0 million. The average crude oil price received was $59.28 during the six months ended June 30, 2021, which increased to $100.21 during the six months ended June 30, 2022.

Our crude oil marketing operating earnings decreased by $0.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022, as compared to the same period in 2022, primarily due to inventory valuation changes (as shown in the table below), higher fuel costs and higher driver compensation, partially offset by higher crude oil prices and volumes.

Driver compensation increased by $0.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily as a result of higher volumes transported in the 2022 period as compared to the same period in 2021.

Insurance costs decreased by $0.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due in part to our safety performance in the prior year, and to a lower overall driver count in the 2022 period. Fuel costs increased by $2.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, consistent with the increase in crude oil volumes in the current period and higher fuel prices.

Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $0.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to the timing of purchases and retirements of tractors and other field equipment during 2021 and 2022.

Field Level Operating Earnings (Non-GAAP Financial Measure). Inventory valuations and forward commodity contract (derivatives or mark-to-market) valuations are two factors affecting comparative crude oil marketing segment operating earnings (losses), of which inventory valuations is the most significant. As a purchaser and shipper of crude oil, we hold inventory in storage tanks and third-party pipelines. During periods of increasing crude oil prices, we recognize inventory liquidation gains while during periods of falling prices, we recognize inventory liquidation and valuation losses.


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Crude oil marketing operating earnings (losses) can be affected by the valuations of our forward month commodity contracts (derivative instruments), if material. These non-cash valuations are calculated and recorded at each period end based on the underlying data existing as of such date. We generally enter into these derivative contracts as part of a pricing strategy based on crude oil purchases at the wellhead (field level). The valuation of derivative instruments at period end requires the recognition of non-cash “mark-to-market” gains and losses.

The impact of inventory liquidations and valuations and derivative valuations on our crude oil marketing segment operating earnings is summarized in the following reconciliation of our non-GAAP financial measure and provides management a measure of the business unit’s performance without the impact of inventory valuation and liquidation adjustments for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
As reported segment operating earnings (1)
$ 5,111  $ 8,370  $ 15,231  $ 15,388 
Add (subtract):
Inventory liquidation gains —  (3,650) (7,184) (10,593)
Inventory valuation losses 1,533  —  —  — 
Derivative valuation (gains) losses (2)
(611) (4) (630) (25)
Field level operating earnings (3)
$ 6,033  $ 4,716  $ 7,417  $ 4,770 
_______________
(1)Our crude oil marketing segment’s operating earnings included inventory valuation losses of $1.5 million and inventory liquidation gains of $3.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, operating earnings included inventory liquidation gains of $7.2 million and $10.6 million, respectively.
(2)During the second quarter of 2022, we entered into commodity purchase and sale contracts for 300,000 barrels of crude oil, which were adjusted to fair value at June 30, 2022.
(3)The use of field level operating earnings is unique to us, not a substitute for a GAAP measure and may not be comparable to any similar measures developed by industry participants. We utilize this data to evaluate the profitability of our operations.

Field level operating earnings and field level purchase volumes depict our day-to-day operation of acquiring crude oil at the wellhead, transporting the product and delivering the product to market sales point. Field level operating earnings increased during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021 primarily due to higher crude oil prices and volumes in the 2022 period, partially offset by higher fuel costs and higher driver compensation. Field level operating earnings increased during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021 primarily due to higher crude oil prices and volumes in the 2022 period, partially offset by higher fuel costs and higher driver compensation.

We held crude oil inventory at a weighted average composite price as follows at the dates indicated (in barrels):
June 30, 2022 December 31, 2021
Average Average
Barrels Price Barrels Price
Crude oil inventory (1)
573,036  $ 101.69  259,489  $ 71.86 
_______________
(1)At June 30, 2022, crude oil inventory included approximately 159,000 barrels in which we had a contract with a customer to sell at June 2022 pricing. The barrels were delivered in early July 2022.

Prices received for crude oil have been volatile and unpredictable with price volatility expected to continue. See “Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our 2021 Form 10-K.
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Transportation

Our transportation segment revenues, operating earnings and selected costs were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021
Change (1)
2022 2021
Change (1)
Revenues $ 29,534  $ 23,497  26  % $ 56,224  $ 44,732  26  %
Operating earnings $ 2,937  $ 1,482  98  % $ 5,805  $ 2,256  157  %
Depreciation and amortization $ 2,923  $ 2,937  —  % $ 5,880  $ 5,938  (1  %)
Driver commissions $ 3,724  $ 3,875  (4  %) $ 7,489  $ 7,471  —  %
Insurance $ 2,164  $ 2,164  —  % $ 4,313  $ 4,312  —  %
Fuel $ 3,709  $ 2,105  76  % $ 6,511  $ 3,980  64  %
Maintenance expense $ 1,270  $ 1,061  20  % $ 2,518  $ 1,974  28  %
Mileage (000s) 6,863  7,246  (5  %) 13,661  14,178  (4  %)
_______________
(1)Represents the percentage increase (decrease) from the prior year period.

Our revenue rate structure includes a component for fuel costs in which fuel cost fluctuations are largely passed through to the customer. Revenues, net of fuel costs, were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Total transportation revenue $ 29,534  $ 23,497  $ 56,224  $ 44,732 
Diesel fuel cost (3,709) (2,105) (6,511) (3,980)
Revenues, net of fuel costs (1)
$ 25,825  $ 21,392  $ 49,713  $ 40,752 
_______________
(1) Revenues, net of fuel costs, is a non-GAAP financial measure and is utilized for internal analysis of the results of our transportation segment.

Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 vs. Three Months Ended June 30, 2021. Transportation revenues increased by $6.0 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021. Transportation revenues, net of fuel costs, increased by $4.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022, as compared to the prior year period. These increases in transportation revenues were primarily due to increased transportation rates during the 2022 period through continued negotiations with customers to increase rates. In addition, as a result of customer demand, we opened four new terminals during the second half of 2021. These terminals, located in West Memphis, Arkansas, Charleston, West Virginia, Augusta, Georgia, and Joliet, Illinois, increased revenues by approximately $2.5 million during the second quarter of 2022.

Our transportation operating earnings increased by $1.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to higher revenues as a result of increased transportation rates and revenues from new terminals, partially offset by higher fuel costs and higher maintenance expense.

Driver commissions decreased by $0.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2021, primarily due to lower mileage during the 2022 period, partially offset by an increase in driver pay.
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Fuel costs increased by $1.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily as a result of an increase in the price of fuel during the 2022 period. Insurance costs remained constant during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to consistent insurance premiums during the 2021 and 2022 periods. Maintenance expense increased by $0.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to repairs and maintenance to older tractors and trailers in our fleet.

Depreciation and amortization expense was relatively consistent during the three months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily as a result of the timing of purchases of new tractors and trailers in 2021 and 2022.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 vs. Six Months Ended June 30, 2021. Transportation revenues increased by $11.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2021. Transportation revenues, net of fuel costs, increased by $9.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022, as compared to the prior year period. These increases in transportation revenues were primarily due to increased transportation rates during the 2022 period through continued negotiations with customers to increase rates. In addition, as a result of customer demand, we opened four new terminals during the second half of 2021. These terminals, located in West Memphis, Arkansas, Charleston, West Virginia, Augusta, Georgia, and Joliet, Illinois, increased revenues by approximately $4.5 million during the first half of 2022. In February 2021, a severe winter storm and resulting power outages affected Texas, which resulted in a significant decline in transportation services for over a week and a temporary loss of revenues in the 2021 period.

Our transportation operating earnings increased by $3.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to higher revenues as a result of increased transportation rates and revenues from new terminals, partially offset by higher fuel costs and higher maintenance expense.

Driver commissions for the six months ended June 30, 2022 were consistent with the same period in 2021, with lower mileage during the 2022 period, offset by an increase in driver pay.

Fuel costs increased by $2.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily as a result of an increase in price of fuel during the 2022 period. Insurance costs remained constant during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to consistent premiums during the 2021 and 2022 periods. Maintenance expense increased by $0.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily due to repairs and maintenance to older tractors and trailers in our fleet.

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to the same period in 2021, primarily as a result of the timing of purchases of new tractors and trailers in 2021 and 2022.


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Pipeline and Storage

Our pipeline and storage segment revenues, operating losses and selected costs were as follows for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021
Change (1)
2022 2021
Change (1)
Segment revenues (2)
$ 2,060  $ 651  216  % $ 4,120  $ 1,070  285% 
Less: Intersegment revenues (2)
(2,060) (496) 315  % (4,120) (682) 504% 
Revenues $ —  $ 155  (100  %) $ —  $ 388  (100%)
Operating losses (877) (556) 58  % (1,699) (1,121) 52% 
Depreciation and amortization 271  223  22  % 539  477  13% 
Insurance 200  148  35  % 400  358  12% 
_______________
(1)Represents the percentage increase (decrease) from the prior year period.
(2)Segment revenues include intersegment revenues from our crude oil marketing segment, which are eliminated due to consolidation in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Volume information was as follows for the periods indicated (in barrels per day):

Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
June 30, June 30,
2022 2021 2022 2021
Pipeline throughput 13,281  7,876  11,891  5,430 
Terminalling 13,704  8,106  12,334  6,518 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, all pipeline and storage segment revenues were earned from an affiliated shipper, while during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, pipeline and storage revenues included revenues from a third party shipper under a contract that had been in place at the time of the acquisition of the pipeline and related terminal assets, and has subsequently ended. Revenues earned from an affiliated shipper are eliminated due to consolidation, with the offset to marketing costs and expenses in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

We are continuing to focus on opportunities to increase our pipeline and storage capacity utilization, by identifying opportunities with our existing and ne