Table of Contents
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM
10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended October 2, 2021.
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________________________ to ________________________
Commission file number
1-7685
AVERY DENNISON CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
95-1492269
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    
   
207 Goode Avenue
Glendale, California
 
91203
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (626)
304-2000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
  
Trading Symbol(s)
  
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $1 par value    AVY    New York Stock Exchange
 
  
 
  
 
1.25% Senior Notes due 2025    AVY25    Nasdaq Stock Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐                
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation
S-T
(§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a
non-accelerated
filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act.
 
☒ Large accelerated filer   ☐ Accelerated filer  
☐ Non-accelerated filer
  ☐ Smaller reporting company   ☐ Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule
12b-2
of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
Number of shares of $1 par value common stock outstanding as of October 30, 2021:
82,795,583
 
 
 

AVERY DENNISON CORPORATION
FISCAL THIRD QUARTER 2021 QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM
10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
        
Page
 
  
 
1
 
  
Item 1.     
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Item 2.        18  
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Item 3.        32  
Item 4.        32  
  
Item 1.        33  
Item 1A.        33  
Item 2.        34  
Item 3.        34  
Item 4.        34  
Item 5.        35  
Item 6.        35  
Signatures        36  
Exhibits     

Safe Harbor Statement
The matters discussed in this Quarterly Report contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements, which are not statements of historical fact, contain estimates, assumptions, projections and/or expectations regarding future events, that may or may not occur. Words such as “aim,” “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “foresee,” “guidance,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “objective,” “plan,” “potential,” “project,” “seek,” “shall,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would,” or variations thereof, and other expressions that refer to future events and trends, identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements, and financial or other business targets, are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, which could cause our actual results to differ materially from the expected results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements also include those related to the acquisition of Vestcom, including its anticipated effect on our long-term targets and future financial results.
We believe that the most significant risk factors that could affect our financial performance in the near-term include: (i) the impacts to underlying demand for our products and/or foreign currency fluctuations from global economic conditions, political uncertainty, changes in environmental standards and governmental regulations, including as a result of
COVID-19;
(ii) competitors’ actions, including pricing, expansion in key markets, and product offerings; (iii) the degree to which higher costs can be offset with productivity measures and/or passed on to customers through price increases, without a significant loss of volume; and (iv) the execution and integration of acquisitions, including the acquisition of Vestcom.
The more significant risks and uncertainties that may impact us are discussed in more detail under “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our 2020 Annual Report on Form
10-K
filed on February 25, 2021, and subsequent quarterly reports on
Form10-Q.
These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the following:
 
   
COVID-19
 
   
International Operations – worldwide and local economic and market conditions; changes in political conditions; and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and other risks associated with foreign operations, including in emerging markets
 
   
Our Business – changes in our markets due to competitive conditions, technological developments, environmental standards, laws and regulations, and customer preferences; fluctuations in demand affecting sales to customers; execution and integration of acquisitions, including the acquisition of Vestcom; selling prices; fluctuations in the cost and availability of raw materials and energy; the impact of competitive products and pricing; customer and supplier concentrations or consolidations; financial condition of distributors; outsourced manufacturers; product and service quality; timely development and market acceptance of new products, including sustainable or sustainably-sourced products; investment in development activities and new production facilities; successful implementation of new manufacturing technologies and installation of manufacturing equipment; our ability to generate sustained productivity improvement; our ability to achieve and sustain targeted cost reductions; and collection of receivables from customers
 
   
The Vestcom Acquisition – risks related to future opportunities and plans for the combined company, including the uncertainty of expected future financial performance and results of the combined company; unknown liabilities; and the possibility that, if we do not achieve the perceived benefits of the acquisition as rapidly or to the extent anticipated by financial analysts or investors, the market price of our common stock could decline
 
   
Income Taxes – fluctuations in tax rates; changes in tax laws and regulations, and uncertainties associated with interpretations of such laws and regulations; retention of tax incentives; outcome of tax audits; and the realization of deferred tax assets
 
   
Information Technology – disruptions in information technology systems, including cyber-attacks or other intrusions to network security; successful installation of new or upgraded information technology systems; and data security breaches
 
   
Human Capital – recruitment and retention of employees; fluctuations in employee benefit costs; and collective labor arrangements
 
   
Our Indebtedness – credit risks; our ability to obtain adequate financing arrangements and maintain access to capital; volatility of financial markets; fluctuations in interest rates; and compliance with our debt covenants
 
   
Ownership of Our Stock – potential significant variability of our stock price and amounts of future dividends and share repurchases
 
   
Legal and Regulatory Matters – protection and infringement of intellectual property and impact of legal and regulatory proceedings, including with respect to environmental, health and safety, anti-corruption and trade compliance
 
   
Other Financial Matters – fluctuations in pension costs and goodwill impairment
Our forward-looking statements are made only as of the date hereof. We assume no duty to update these forward-looking statements to reflect new, changed or unanticipated events or circumstances, other than as may be required by law.
 
1

Avery Dennison Corporation
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(
Unaudited
)
 
     
                          
     
                          
 
(Dollars in millions, except per share amount)
  
October 2, 2021
   
January 2, 2021
 
Assets
                
Current assets:
                
Cash and cash equivalents
  
$
207.2
 
 
$
252.3
 
Trade accounts receivable, less allowances of $37
 
and $44.6 at October 2, 2021 and January 2, 2021, respectively
  
 
1,441.2
 
 
 
1,235.2
 
Inventories, net
  
 
879.1
 
 
 
717.2
 
Other current assets
  
 
251.0
 
 
 
211.5
 
Total current assets
  
 
2,778.5
 
 
 
2,416.2
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
  
 
1,405.5
 
 
 
1,343.7
 
Goodwill
  
 
1,896.7
 
 
 
1,136.4
 
Other intangibles resulting from business acquisitions, net
  
 
931.5
 
 
 
224.9
 
Deferred tax assets
  
 
152.7
 
 
 
197.7
 
Other assets
  
 
802.8
 
 
 
765.0
 
 
  
$
7,967.7
 
 
$
6,083.9
 
    
                
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
                
Current liabilities:
                
Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt and finance leases
  
$
398.8
 
 
$
64.7
 
Accounts payable
  
 
1,268.2
 
 
 
1,050.9
 
Accrued payroll and employee benefits
  
 
283.6
 
 
 
239.0
 
Other current liabilities
  
 
658.8
 
 
 
571.4
 
Total current liabilities
  
 
2,609.4
 
 
 
1,926.0
 
Long-term debt and finance leases
  
 
2,800.2
 
 
 
2,052.1
 
Long-term retirement benefits and other liabilities
  
 
504.1
 
 
 
503.6
 
Deferred tax liabilities and income taxes payable
  
 
254.8
 
 
 
117.3
 
Commitments and contingencies (see Note 12)
                
Shareholders’ equity:
                
Common stock, $1 par value per share, authorized – 400,000,000 shares at
October 2, 2021 and January 2, 2021; issued – 124,126,624 shares at
October 2, 2021 and January 2, 2021; outstanding – 82,833,721
 
shares and
83,151,174 shares at October 2, 2021 and January 2, 2021, respectively
  
 
124.1
 
 
 
124.1
 
Capital in excess of par value
  
 
854.8
 
 
 
862.1
 
Retained earnings
  
 
3,749.7
 
 
 
3,349.3
 
Treasury stock at cost, 41,292,903
 
shares and 40,975,450 shares at October 2, 2021 and January 2, 2021, respectively
  
 
(2,606.4
)  
 
(2,501.0
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
  
 
(323.0
)  
 
(349.6
Total shareholders’ equity
  
 
1,799.2
 
 
 
1,484.9
 
 
  
$
7,967.7
 
 
$
6,083.9
 
See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
2

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(
Unaudited
)
 
     
                                
     
                                
     
                                
     
                                
 
    
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions, except per share amounts)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
   
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales
  
$
2,071.8
 
 
$
1,729.1
 
 
$
6,225.1
 
 
$
4,980.6
 
Cost of products sold
  
 
1,517.4
 
 
 
1,244.9
 
 
 
4,497.4
 
 
 
3,628.4
 
Gross profit
  
 
554.4
 
 
 
484.2
 
 
 
1,727.7
 
 
 
1,352.2
 
Marketing, general and administrative expense
  
 
296.9
 
 
 
258.3
 
 
 
916.2
 
 
 
758.7
 
Other expense (income), net
  
 
16.0
 
 
 
12.4
 
 
 
16.3
 
 
 
57.3
 
Interest expense
  
 
18.0
 
 
 
15.6
 
 
 
50.2
 
 
 
54.4
 
Other
non-operating
expense (income), net
  
 
(.9
)  
 
.1
 
 
 
(3.6
 
 
(.2
Income before taxes
  
 
224.4
 
 
 
197.8
 
 
 
748.6
 
 
 
482.0
 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
  
 
59.2
 
 
 
46.3
 
 
 
187.7
 
 
 
114.8
 
Equity method investment (losses) gains
  
 
(1.1
)  
 
(1.0
 
 
(3.5
)  
 
(2.8
Net income
  
$
164.1
 
 
$
150.5
 
 
$
557.4
 
 
$
364.4
 
    
                                
Per share amounts:
                                
Net income per common share
  
$
1.98
 
 
$
1.80
 
 
$
6.72
 
 
$
4.37
 
Net income per common share, assuming dilution
  
$
1.96
 
 
$
1.79
 
 
$
6.64
 
 
$
4.34
 
    
                                
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:
                                
Common shares
  
 
82.9
 
 
 
83.5
 
 
 
83.0
 
 
 
83.4
 
Common shares, assuming dilution
  
 
83.7
 
 
 
84.0
 
 
 
83.9
 
 
 
84.0
 
See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
3

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(
Unaudited
)
 
     
                                
     
                                
     
                                
     
                                
 
    
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
   
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
 
Net income
  
$
164.1
 
  
$
150.5
 
 
$
557.4
 
  
$
364.4
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
                                  
Foreign currency translation
  
 
1.4
 
  
 
9.5
 
 
 
19.1
 
  
 
(45.5
Pension and other postretirement benefits
  
 
1.3
 
  
 
.6
 
 
 
3.3
 
  
 
1.9
 
Cash flow hedges
  
 
1.9
 
  
 
(.8
 
 
4.2
 
  
 
(2.2
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
  
 
4.6
 
  
 
9.3
 
 
 
26.6
 
  
 
(45.8
Total comprehensive income, net of tax
  
$
168.7
 
  
$
159.8
 
 
$
584.0
 
  
$
318.6
 
See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
4

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(
Unaudited
)
 
     
                                
     
                                
 
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Operating Activities
                
Net income
  
$
557.4
 
 
$
364.4
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
                
Depreciation
  
 
122.9
 
 
 
113.7
 
Amortization
  
 
48.6
 
 
 
36.1
 
Provision for credit losses and sales returns
  
 
26.1
 
 
 
50.4
 
Stock-based compensation
  
 
27.1
 
 
 
12.1
 
Pension plan settlement loss
  
 
1.0
 
 
 
 
Deferred taxes and other
non-cash
taxes
  
 
(1.5
)
 
 
 
17.1
 
Other
non-cash
expense and loss (income and gain), net
  
 
17.7
 
 
 
35.3
 
Changes in assets and liabilities and other adjustments
  
 
(36.5
)  
 
(187.3
Net cash provided by operating activities
  
 
762.8
 
 
 
441.8
 
    
                
Investing Activities
                
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
  
 
(130.6
)  
 
(91.7
Purchases of software and other deferred charges
  
 
(9.8
)  
 
(13.8
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment
  
 
1.1
 
 
 
.2
 
Proceeds from insurance and sales (purchases) of investments, net
  
 
1.2
 
 
 
5.2
 
Proceeds from sale of product line
  
 
6.7
 
 
 
 
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired, and investments in businesses
  
 
(1,474.3
)  
 
(262.8
Net cash used in investing activities
  
 
(1,605.7
)  
 
(362.9
    
                
Financing Activities
                
Net increase (decrease) in borrowings with maturities of three months or less
  
 
332.0
 
 
 
(57.1
Additional borrowings under revolving credit facility
  
 
 
 
 
500.0
 
Repayments of revolving credit facility
  
 
 
 
 
(500.0
Additional long-term borrowings
  
 
791.9
 
 
 
493.7
 
Repayments of long-term debt and finance leases
  
 
(8.0
)  
 
(268.9
Dividends paid
  
 
(164.3
)  
 
(145.2
Share repurchases
  
 
(126.0
)  
 
(52.2
Net (tax withholding) proceeds related to stock-based compensation
  
 
(25.5
)  
 
(20.0
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
  
 
800.1
 
 
 
(49.7
    
                
Effect of foreign currency translation on cash balances
  
 
(2.3
)  
 
1.8
 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
  
 
(45.1
)
 
 
 
31.0
 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year
  
 
252.3
 
 
 
253.7
 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
  
$
207.2
 
 
$
284.7
 
See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
5

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1.  General
The unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes in this Quarterly Report on Form
10-Q
are presented as permitted by Article 10 of Regulation
S-X
and do not contain certain information included in the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and
 re
lated
 notes in our 2020 Annual Report on Form
10-K,
which should be read in conjunction with this Quarterly Report on Form
10-Q.
These unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contain all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature necessary for a fair statement of our interim results. Interim results of operations are not necessarily indicative of future results. These unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect our current estimates and assumptions that affect our reported amounts of assets and liabilities and related disclosures as of the date of the financial statements and our reported amounts of sales and expenses during the reporting periods presented.
Fiscal Periods
The three and nine months ended October 2, 2021 and September 26, 2020 consisted of thirteen-week and thirty-nine week periods, respectively.
Note 2.  Acquisitions
V
estcom Acquisition
On August 31, 2021, we completed our acquisition of CB Velocity Holdings, LLC (“Vestcom”), an Arkansas-based provider of shelf-edge pricing, productivity and consumer engagement solutions for retailers and consumer packaged goods companies for a purchase price of $1.46 billion, subject to customary post-closing adjustments. We funded this acquisition using a combination of cash and proceeds from commercial paper borrowings and issuances of senior notes. Refer to Note 4, “Debt,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
We believe Vestcom’s solutions expand our position in high value categories while adding channel access and data management capabilities to our Retail Branding and Information Solutions (“RBIS
”)
reportable segment.
The table below summarizes the preliminary fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed
in
the Vestcom acquisition.
 
                              
(In millions)
       
Cash and cash equivalents
  
$
23.9
 
Trade accounts receivable
  
 
100.1
 
Other current assets
  
 
29.9
 
Property, plant and equipment
  
 
61.2
 
Goodwill
  
 
761.8
 
Other intangibles resulting from business acquisition
  
 
727.0
 
Other assets
  
 
20.9
 
Total assets
  
 
1,724.8
 
C
urrent liabilities
  
 
52.0
 
Other liabilities
  
 
16.1
 
Deferred tax liabilities
  
 
192.6
 
Total liabilities
  
 
260.7
 
Net assets acquired
  
$
1,464.1
 
 
6

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
T
he final allocation of purchase consideration to assets and liabilities is in process as we continue to evaluate certain balances, estimates and assumptions during the measurement period (up to one year from the acquisition date). Consistent with the allowable time to complete our assessment, the valuation of certain acquired assets and liabilities, including tangible and intangible assets, environmental liabilities and income taxes, is currently pending.
The impact of the Vestcom acquisition was not material to the proforma net sales or net income of our combined operations for the periods presented. Net sales and net income related to Vestcom post-acquisition were not material to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the periods presented.
Other 2021 Acquisitions
On March 18, 2021, we completed our acquisition of the net assets of ZippyYum, LLC (“ZippyYum”), a California-based developer of software products used in the food service and food preparation industries. We believe this acquisition enhances the product portfolio in our RBIS reportable segment.
On March 1, 2021, we completed our acquisition of the issued and outstanding stock of JDC Solutions, Inc. (“JDC”), a Tennessee-based manufacturer of pressure-sensitive specialty tapes. We believe this acquisition expands the product portfolio in our Industrial and Healthcare Materials (“IHM
) reportable segment.
The acquisitions of ZippyYum and JDC are referred to collectively as the “Other 2021 Acquisitions.”
The aggregate purchase consideration for the Other 2021 Acquisitions was approximately $43 million. We funded the Other 2021 Acquisitions using cash and commercial paper borrowings. In addition to the cash paid at closing, the sellers in one of these acquisitions are eligible for
earn-out
payments of up to approximately $13 million subject to the acquired company’s achievement of certain performance targets. We estimate the fair value of these
earn-out
payments as of October 2, 2021 to be approximately $12 million, which has been included in the $43 million of aggregate purchase consideration.
The Other 2021 Acquisitions were not material, individually or in the aggregate, to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Note 3.  Goodwill and Other Intangibles Resulting from Business Acquisitions
Changes in the net carrying amount of goodwill for the nine months ended October 2, 2021 by reportable segment are shown below.
 
(In millions)
  
   Label and
Graphic
Materials
   
Retail Branding
   and Information
Solutions
   
   Industrial and
Healthcare
Materials
   
Total
 
Goodwill as of January 2, 2021
   $ 480.9     $ 471.8     $ 183.7     $         1,136.4  
Acquisitions
(1)
           779.7       6.9       786.6  
Acquisition adjustment
(2)
     1.2                   1.2  
Translation adjustments
     (19.2 )     (6.8 )     (1.5 )     (27.5 )
 
Goodwill as of October 2, 2021
   $ 462.9     $ 1,244.7     $ 189.1     $ 1,896.7  
(1)
Goodwill acquired related to the acquisitions of Vestcom, JDC and ZippyYum. We expect nearly all of the recognized goodwill related to the Vestcom and JDC acquisitions
not 
to be deductible for income tax purposes and the recognized goodwill related to the ZippyYum acquisition to be deductible for income tax purposes.
(2)
Measurement period adjustment related to the finalization of the purchase price allocation for the acquisition of ACPO, Ltd. completed in December 2020.
Finite-Lived and Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
In connection with our acquisition of Vestcom, we acquired approximately $
727 
million of identifiable intangible assets consisting of customer relationships, trade names and trademarks, and patented and other developed technology. We utilized the income approach to estimate the fair values of acquired identifiable intangibles, primarily using Level 3 inputs. We applied significant judgment in determining the fair value of intangible assets, which involved the use of estimates and assumptions with respect to estimated future revenue and related profit margins; customer retention rates; technology migration curves; royalty rates; discount rates; and economic lives assigned to the acquired intangible assets. 
The table below summarizes the preliminary amounts and useful lives of Vestcom’s identifiable intangible assets as of the acquisition date.
 
  
  
Amount
(in millions)
 
  
Amortization
period (in
years)
 
Customer relationships
   $ 492.0       12  
Patented and other developed technology
     100.4       7  
Trade names and trademarks
(1)
     134.6       N/A  
(1)
Acquired trade names and trademarks associated with the Vestcom acquisition were not subject to amortization as they were classified as indefinite-lived intangible assets.
T
he intangibles assets from the Other 2021 Acquisitions were not material to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Refer to Note 2, “Acquisitions,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
 
7

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Note 4.  Debt
In August 2021, we issued $500 million of senior notes, due February 15, 2032,
which
bear an interest rate of 2.250%,
payable semiannually in arrears. Our net proceeds from the issuance, after deducting underwriting discounts and offering expenses, were $493.8 million. Additionally
,
in August 2021, we issued
 $300 
million of senior notes, due August 15, 2024
,
 
which
may be repaid without penalty on or after August 15, 2022 and bear an interest
rate of
0.850%,
payable semiannually in arrears. Our net proceeds from the issuance, after deducting underwriting discounts and offering expenses, were $298.1 million. We used the net proceeds from these two
 debt
issuances to finance a portion of the Vestcom acquisition. 
The estimated fair value of our long-term debt is primarily based on the credit spread above U.S. Treasury securities or euro government bond securities, as applicable, on notes with similar rates, credit ratings, and remaining maturities. The fair value of short-term borrowings, which include commercial paper issuances and short-term lines of credit, approximates their carrying value given the short duration of these obligations. The fair value of our total debt was $3.37 billion at October 2, 2021 and $2.34 billion at January 2, 2021. Fair values were determined based primarily on Level 2 inputs, which are inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable.
Our $800 million revolving credit facility (the “Revolver”) contains a financial covenant requiring that we maintain a specified ratio of total debt in relation to a certain measure of income. As of both October 2, 2021 and January 2, 2021, we were in compliance with this financial covenant. No balance was outstanding under the Revolver as of October 2, 2021 or January 2, 2021.
Note 5.  Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits
Defined Benefit Plans
We sponsor a number of defined benefit plans, the accrual of benefits under some of which has been frozen, covering eligible employees in the U.S. and certain other countries. Benefits payable to an employee are based primarily on years of service and the employee’s compensation during his or her employment with us. For the three and nine months ended October 2, 2021 and September 26, 2020, the net periodic benefit cost related to our U.S. and international plans was not material.
Service cost and the components of net periodic benefit cost (credit) other than service cost were included in “Marketing, general and administrative expense” and “Other
non-operating
expense (income), net” in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, respectively.
We are also obligated to pay unfunded termination indemnity benefits to certain employees outside of the U.S., which are subject to applicable agreements, laws and regulations. We did not incur significant costs related to these benefits in the three
or
nine months ended October 2, 2021 or September 26, 2020.
Note 6.  Cost Reduction Actions
2019/2020 Actions
During the nine months ended October 2, 2021, we recorded $6.7 million in restructuring charges related to our 2019/2020 actions. These charges consisted of severance and related costs for the reduction of approximately 235
positions at numerous locations across our company, which primarily included actions in our RBIS reportable segment. The actions were primarily related to global headcount and footprint reductions, with some actions accelerated or expanded in response to COVID-19. 
During the nine months ended October 2, 2021, restructuring charges and payments were as follows:
 
(In millions)
  
Accrual at
   January 2, 2021
    
Charges,
Net of
   Reversals
    
Cash
   Payments
   
Non-cash
    Impairment
   
Foreign
Currency
  Translation
   
   Accrual at
October 2, 2021
 
2019/2020 Actions
                                                  
Severance and related costs
   $ 28.3      $ 4.9      $ (22.7   $     $ (.7   $ 9.8  
Asset impairment
            1.6              (1.6            
Lease cancellation costs
 
 
 
 
 
 
.2
 
 
 
(.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
   $ 28.3      $ 6.7      $ (22.9   $ (1.6   $ (.7   $ 9.8  
Accruals for severance and related costs, as well as lease cancellation costs, were included in “Other current liabilities” in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Asset impairment charges were based on the estimated market value of the assets, less
sell
ing costs, if applicable. Restructuring charges were included in “Other expense (income), net” in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
 
8

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
The table below shows the total amount of restructuring charges, net of reversals, incurred by reportable segment and Corporate.
 
    
Three Months Ended
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
    
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
 
Restructuring charges, net of reversals, by reportable segment and Corporate
                                  
Label and Graphic Materials
   $ .8
 
  $ 1.4      $ 1.4      $ 27.6  
Retail Branding and Information Solutions
     .8       2.9        3.8        16.6  
Industrial and Healthcare Materials
     .3       6.6        .8        8.6  
Corporate
     .5              1.0        (.2
Total
   $ 2.4     $ 10.9      $ 7.0      $ 52.6  
Note 7.  Financial Instruments
We enter into foreign exchange hedge contracts to reduce our risk from foreign exchange rate fluctuations associated with receivables, payables, loans and firm commitments denominated in certain foreign currencies that arise primarily as a result of our operations outside the U.S. We also enter into futures contracts to hedge certain price fluctuations for a portion of our anticipated domestic purchases of natural gas. The impact of these foreign exchange and commodities hedge activities on the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements was not material.
In March 2020, we entered into U.S. dollar to euro cross-currency swap contracts with a total notional amount of $250 million to have the effect of converting the fixed-rate U.S. dollar-denominated debt to euro-denominated debt, including semiannual interest payments and the payment of principal at maturity. During the term of the contract, which ends on April 30, 2030, we pay fixed-rate interest in euros and receive fixed-rate interest in U.S. dollars. These contracts have been designated as cash flow hedges. The fair value of these contracts was $(18.9) million and
$
(36.7) million as of October 2, 2021 and January 2, 2021, respectively, and was included in “Long-term retirement benefits and other liabilities” in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Refer to Note 11, “Fair Value Measurements,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
We recorded no ineffectiveness from our cross-currency swap to earnings during the three
or
nine months ended October 2, 2021 or September 26, 2020.
Note 8.  Taxes Based on Income
The following table summarizes our income before taxes, provision for (benefit from) income taxes, and effective tax rate:
 
    
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
(Dollars in millions)
  
        October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
   
        October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Income before taxes
   $ 224.4     $ 197.8     $ 748.6     $ 482.0  
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
     59.2       46.3       187.7       114.8  
Effective tax rate
     26.4      23.4     25.1      23.8
Our provision for (benefit from) income taxes for the three and nine months ended October 2, 2021 included
 $7 million and $21 
million, respectively, of net tax charges related to the tax on global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) of our foreign subsidiaries and the recognition of foreign withholding taxes on current year earnings, partially offset by the benefit from foreign-derived intangible income (“FDII”). Our provision for (benefit from) income taxes for the three and nine months ended October 2, 2021 also reflected $11.3 million of return-to-provision benefit, including $8.7 million related to a GILTI exclusion election and a higher FDII deduction upon completion of our 2020 U.S. federal tax return. In addition, our provision for (benefit from) income taxes for the three and nine months ended October 2, 2021 reflected the tax impact from transaction costs related to the Vestcom acquisition. Moreover, our provision for (benefit from) income taxes for the nine months ended October 2, 2021 reflected the following discrete items: (i) $14.1 million of return-to-provision benefit related to a GILTI exclusion election made on our amended 2018 U.S. tax return; (ii) net tax charges related to the tax effects of outcomes of certain legal proceedings; and (iii) net tax benefit primarily from decreases in certain tax reserves, including associated interest and penalties, as a result of closing tax years. 
Our provision for (benefit from) income taxes for the three and nine months ended September 26, 2020 included
 $4.5 million and $15 
million, respectively, of net tax charges related to the tax on GILTI of our foreign subsidiaries and the recognition of foreign withholding taxes on current year earnings, partially offset by the benefit from FDII. Our provision for (benefit from) income taxes for the nine months ended September 26, 2020 also reflected
$13.9 
million of net tax benefit primarily from decreases in certain tax reserves, including associated interest and penalties, as a result of closing tax years and effective settlements of certain foreign tax audits, partially offset by additional interest and penalty accruals.
 
9

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
I
n fiscal year 2020, the U.S. Department of Treasury issued final regulations that provide certain U.S. taxpayers with an annual election to exclude foreign income subject to a high effective tax rate from their GILTI inclusions. This annual election included an option for retroactive application to tax years 2018 through 2020. We elected and recognized related tax benefits for tax years 2018 through 2020 as of October 2, 2021.
The amount of income taxes we pay is subject to ongoing audits by taxing jurisdictions around the world. Our estimate of the potential outcome of any uncertain tax issue is subject to our assessment of the relevant risks, facts, and circumstances existing at the time. We believe that we have adequately provided for reasonably foreseeable outcomes related to these matters. However, our future results may include favorable or unfavorable adjustments to our estimated tax liabilities in the period the assessments are made or resolved, which may impact our effective tax rate. The final determination of tax audits and any related legal proceedings could materially differ from the amounts currently reflected in our tax provision and the related liabilities. To date, we and our U.S. subsidiaries have completed the Internal Revenue Service’s Compliance Assurance Process Program through 2017. With limited exceptions, we are no longer subject to income tax examinations by tax authorities for years prior to 2010.
It is reasonably possible that, during the next 12 months, we may realize a net decrease in our uncertain tax positions, including interest and penalties, of approximately $9 million, primarily as a result of closing tax years.
Note 9.  Net Income Per Common Share
Net income per common share was computed as follows:
 
    
Three Months Ended
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions, except per share amounts)
  
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
    
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
 
(A)  Net income
   $ 164.1      $ 150.5      $ 557.4      $ 364.4  
(B)  Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
     82.9        83.5        83.0        83.4  
     Dilutive shares (additional common shares issuable under stock-based awards)
     .8        .5        .9        .6  
(C)  Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, assuming dilution
     83.7        84.0        83.9        84.0  
Net income per common share: (A) ÷ (B)
   $ 1.98      $ 1.80      $ 6.72      $ 4.37  
Net income per common share, assuming dilution: (A) ÷ (C)
   $ 1.96      $ 1.79      $ 6.64      $ 4.34  
Certain stock-based compensation awards were not included in the computation of net income per common share, assuming dilution, because they would not have had a dilutive effect. Stock-based compensation awards excluded from the computation were not significant for the three
or
nine months ended October 2, 2021 or September 26, 2020.
 
10

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Note 10.  Supplemental Equity and Comprehensive Income Information
Consolidated Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
 
    
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
   
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Common stock issued, $1 par value per share
   $ 124.1     $ 124.1     $ 124.1     $ 124.1  
Capital in excess of par value
                                
Beginning balance
   $ 846.5     $ 840.0     $ 862.1     $ 874.0  
Issuance of shares under stock-based compensation plans
(1)
     8.3       10.3       (7.3 )     (23.7
Ending balance
   $ 854.8     $ 850.3     $ 854.8     $ 850.3  
Retained earnings
                                
Beginning balance
   $ 3,637.3     $ 3,100.2     $ 3,349.3     $ 2,979.1  
Net income
     164.1       150.5       557.4       364.4  
Issuance of shares under stock-based compensation plans
(1)
                 (7.1 )     (3.3
Contribution of shares to 401(k) Plan
(1)
     4.6       3.2       14.4       10.5  
Dividends
     (56.3 )
 
    (48.4     (164.3 )     (145.2
Ending balance
   $ 3,749.7     $ 3,205.5     $ 3,749.7     $ 3,205.5  
Treasury stock at cost
                                
Beginning balance
   $ (2,576.7 )   $ (2,447.2   $ (2,501.0 )   $ (2,425.1
Repurchase of shares for treasury
     (31.0 )     (7.0     (126.0 )     (52.2
Issuance of shares under stock-based compensation plans
(1)
     .1       .9       16.3       19.5  
Contribution of shares to 401(k) Plan
(1)
     1.2       1.9       4.3       6.4  
Ending balance
   $ (2,606.4 )   $ (2,451.4   $ (2,606.4 )   $ (2,451.4
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
                                
Beginning balance
   $ (327.6 )   $ (403.2   $ (349.6   $ (348.1
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
     4.6       9.3       26.6       (45.8
Ending balance
   $ (323.0 )   $ (393.9   $ (323.0 )   $ (393.9
(1)
We fund a portion of our employee-related expenses using shares of our common stock held in treasury. We reduce capital in excess of par value based on the grant date fair value of the awards vested and record net gains or losses associated with
using
treasury shares to retained earnings.
Dividends per common share were as follows:
 
    
Three Months Ended
    
Nine Months Ended
 
     
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
    
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
 
Dividends per common share
   $ .68       $ .58       $ 1.98      $ 1.74   
 
11

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The changes in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” (net of tax) for the nine-month period ended October 2, 2021 were as follows:
 
(In millions)
  
Foreign
Currency
   Translation
   
Pension and
Other
   Postretirement
Benefits
   
   Cash Flow
Hedges
   
            Total
 
Balance as of January 2, 2021
   $ (248.1   $ (92.7   $ (8.8   $ (349.6
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net of tax
     19.1             4.4       23.5  
Reclassifications to net income, net of tax
           3.3       (.2 )     3.1  
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
     19.1       3.3       4.2       26.6  
Balance as of October 2, 2021
   $ (229.0   $ (89.4   $ (4.6   $ (323.0
The changes in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” (net of tax) for the nine-month period ended September 26, 2020 were as follows:
 
(In millions)
  
Foreign
Currency
   Translation
   
Pension and
Other
   Postretirement
Benefits
   
   Cash Flow
Hedges
   
            Total
 
Balance as of December 28, 2019
   $ (245.1   $ (101.8   $ (1.2   $ (348.1
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net of tax
     (45.5           (2.3     (47.8
Reclassifications to net income, net of tax
           1.9       .1       2.0  
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
     (45.5     1.9       (2.2     (45.8
Balance as of September 26, 2020
   $ (290.6   $ (99.9   $ (3.4   $ (393.9
 
12

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Note 11. Fair Value Measurements
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The assets and liabilities carried at fair value, measured on a recurring basis, as of October 2, 2021 were as follows:
 
           
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
(In millions)
  
            Total
    
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
    
Significant
Other
   Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
    
Significant
Other
   Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets
                                   
Investments
   $ 33.9      $ 27.0      $ 6.9      $  
Derivative assets
     13.7        1.7        12.0         
Bank drafts
     13.6        13.6                
Liabilities
                                   
Cross-currency swap
   $ 18.9      $      $ 18.9      $  
Derivative liabilities
     7.3               7.3         
Contingent consideration liabilities
     10.4                      10.4  
The assets and liabilities carried at fair value, measured on a recurring basis, as of January 2, 2021 were as follows:
 
           
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
(In millions)
  
            Total
    
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets
(Level 1)
    
Significant
Other
   Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
    
Significant
Other
   Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets
                                   
Investments
   $ 33.6      $ 27.4      $ 6.2      $  
Derivative assets
     5.2        .1        5.1         
Bank drafts
     12.8        12.8                
Liabilities
                                   
Cross-currency swap
   $ 36.7      $      $ 36.7      $  
Derivative liabilities
     9.5        .3        9.2         
Investments include fixed income securities (primarily U.S. government and corporate debt securities) measured at fair value using quoted prices/bids and a money market fund measured at fair value using net asset value. As of October 2, 2021, investments of $.4 million and $33.5 million were included in “Cash and cash equivalents” and “Other current assets,” respectively, in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. As of January 2, 2021, investments of $1 million and $32.6 million were included in “Cash and cash equivalents” and “Other current assets,” respectively, in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Derivatives that are exchange-traded are measured at fair value using quoted market prices and classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy. Derivatives measured based on foreign exchange rate inputs that are readily available in public markets are classified within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy. Bank drafts (maturities greater than three months) are valued at face value due to their short-term nature and were included in “Other current assets” in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Contingent consideration liabilities relate to estimated earn-out payments associated with one of the Other 2021 Acquisitions. These payments are based on
 
the
 
acquired company’s 
achievement of certain performance targets based on the terms of the purchase agreement, and our estimates are based on the expected payments related to these targets as of October 2, 2021. We have classified these liabilities as Level 3. As of October 2, 2021, contingent consideration liabilities of approximately $
3 million and $7 million were included in “Other current liabilities” and “Long-term retirement benefits and other liabilities,” respectively, in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
 
13

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
The activity related to contingent consideration for the nine months ended October 2, 2021 is shown below.
 
(In millions)
       
Acquisition
   $ 11.6  
Payments
     (1.2
Balance at October 2, 2021
   $                     10.4  
Note 12.  Commitments and Contingencies
L
egal Proceedings
We are involved in various lawsuits, claims, inquiries, and other regulatory and compliance matters, most of which are routine to the nature of our business. When it is probable that a loss will be incurred and where a range of the loss can be reasonably estimated, the best estimate within the range is accrued. When the best estimate within the range cannot be determined, the low end of the range is accrued. The ultimate resolution of these claims could affect future results of operations should our exposure be materially different from our estimates or should liabilities be incurred that were not previously accrued. Potential insurance reimbursements are not offset against potential liabilities.
We are currently party to a litigation in which ADASA Inc. (“Adasa”), an unrelated third party, alleged that certain of our radio-frequency identification (“RFID”) products infringed on its patent. We recorded a contingent liability related to this matter in the second quarter of 2021 in the amount of
 
$26.6 
million based on a jury verdict issued on May 14, 2021.
During the third quarter of 2021
, the first instance judgment associated with the jury verdict was issued. This resulted in additional potential liability of $35.8 
million for, among other things, RFID tags sold prior to
 
March 31, 2021 and a royalty on a higher number of tags. In addition, Adasa was awarded a royalty on in-scope tags sold after March 31, 2021; we have largely completed our migration to alternative encoding methods used in our other RFID tags. We did not increase the contingent liability we recorded for this additional potential liability. With continued evaluation of the matter and our defenses, as well as consultation with our outside counsel, we continue to believe that ADASA’s patent is invalid and that, even if valid, we have not infringed it, and that the royalty rate used as the basis for the jury’s determination is unreasonable under prevailing industry standards, as well as that any liability related to this matter would be substantially lower than that which is reflected in either the jury verdict or the first instance judgment. On October 22, 2021, we appealed the judgment to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and continue to believe meritorious defenses exist to significantly reduce the liability we currently have recorded. We maintained our current contingent liability of
$
26.6
million for this matter as a reasonable estimate within the range of probable outcomes.
B
ecause of the uncertainties associated with claims resolution and litigation, future expenses to resolve these matters could be higher than the liabilities we have accrued; however, we are unable to reasonably estimate a range of potential expenses. If information were to become available that allowed us to reasonably estimate a range of potential expenses in an amount higher or lower than what we have accrued and determined such to be probable, we would adjust our accrued liabilities accordingly. Additional lawsuits, claims, inquiries, and other regulatory and compliance matters could arise in the future. The range of expenses for resolving any future matters would be assessed as they arise; until then, a range of potential expenses for such resolution cannot be determined.
Based upon current information, we believe that the impact of the resolution of these matters would not be, individually or in the aggregate, material to our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Environmental Expenditures
Environmental expenditures are generally expensed. When it is probable that a loss will be incurred and where a range of the loss can be reasonably estimated, the best estimate within the range is accrued. When the best estimate within the range cannot be determined, the low end of the range is accrued. The ultimate resolution of these matters could affect future results of operations should our exposure be materially different from our estimates or should liabilities be incurred that were not previously accrued. Potential insurance reimbursements are not offset against potential liabilities. We review our estimates of the costs of complying with environmental laws related to remediation and cleanup of various sites, including sites in which governmental agencies have designated us as a potentially responsible party (“PRP”). However, environmental expenditures for newly acquired assets and those that extend or improve the economic useful life of existing assets are capitalized and amortized over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the acquired asset or the remaining life of the existing asset.
As of October 2, 2021, we have been designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) and/or other responsible state agencies as a PRP at twelve waste disposal or waste recycling sites that are the subject of separate investigations or proceedings concerning alleged soil and/or groundwater contamination. No settlement of our liability related to any of these sites has been agreed upon. We are participating with other PRPs at these sites and anticipate that our share of remediation costs will be determined pursuant to agreements that we negotiate with the EPA or other governmental authorities.
These estimates could change as a result of changes in planned remedial actions, remediation technologies, site conditions, the estimated time to complete remediation, environmental laws and regulations, and other factors. Because of the uncertainties associated with environmental assessment and remediation activities, our future expenses to remediate these sites could be higher than the liabilities we have accrued; however, we are unable to reasonably estimate a range of potential expenses. If information were to become available that allowed us to reasonably estimate a range of potential expenses in an amount higher or lower than what we have accrued, we
 
14

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
would adjust our environmental liabilities accordingly. In addition, we may be identified as a PRP at additional sites in the future. The range of expenses for remediation of any future-identified sites would be addressed as they arise; until then, a range of expenses for such remediation cannot be determined.
The activity related to our environmental liabilities for the nine months ended October 2, 2021 is shown below.
 
(In millions)
       
Balance at January 2, 2021
   $ 21.1  
Charges, net of reversals
     1.3  
Payments
     (1.6
Balance at October 2, 2021
   $                     20.8  
Approximately $2 million and $9 million of th
is
 balance was classified as short-term and included in “Other current liabilities” in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of October 2, 2021 and January 2, 2021, respectively.
Note 13. Segment and Disaggregated Revenue Information
Disaggregated Revenue Information
Disaggregated revenue information is shown below in the manner that best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of our revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. Revenue from our Label and Graphic Materials reportable segment is attributed to geographic areas based on the location from which products are shipped. Revenue from our RBIS reportable segment is shown by product group.
 
    
Three Months Ended
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
    
October 2, 2021
    
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales to unaffiliated customers
                                   
Label and Graphic Materials:
                                   
U.S.
   $ 372.1      $ 320.7      $ 1,094.7      $ 963.9  
Europe, Middle East and North Africa
     499.3        404.6        1,550.8        1,272.2  
Asia
     289.4        264.4        910.4        736.4  
Latin America
     103.6        84.1        300.0        245.2  
Other international
     81.4        71.6        243.1        202.7  
Total Label and Graphic Materials
     1,345.8        1,145.4        4,099.0        3,420.4  
Retail Branding and Information Solutions:
                                   
Apparel
     436.5        371.5        1,334.5        985.1  
Identification Solutions
(1)
and Vestcom
     94.2        54.6        208.2        137.8  
Total Retail Branding and Information Solutions
     530.7        426.1        1,542.7        1,122.9  
Industrial and Healthcare Materials
     195.3        157.6        583.4        437.3  
Net sales to unaffiliated customers
   $ 2,071.8      $ 1,729.1      $ 6,225.1      $ 4,980.6  
(1)
 
Previously referred to as Printer Solutions
 
15

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Additional Segment Information
Additional financial information by reportable segment and Corporate is shown below.
 
    
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
   
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Intersegment sales
                                
Label and Graphic Materials
   $ 24.8     $ 19.8     $ 71.1     $ 55.1  
Retail Branding and Information Solutions
     10.4       7.3       28.1       19.4  
Industrial and Healthcare Materials
     3.7       2.0       8.0       4.8  
Intersegment sales
   $ 38.9     $ 29.1     $ 107.2     $ 79.3  
Income before taxes
                                
Label and Graphic Materials
   $ 184.9     $ 173.1     $ 639.2     $ 483.1  
Retail Branding and Information Solutions
     58.5       47.0       160.6       67.2  
Industrial and Healthcare Materials
     18.7       12.5       64.7       34.9  
Corporate expense
     (20.6 )     (19.1     (69.3 )     (49.0
Interest expense
     (18.0 )     (15.6     (50.2 )     (54.4
Other
non-operating
expense (income), net
     .9       (.1     3.6       .2  
Income before taxes
   $ 224.4     $ 197.8     $ 748.6     $ 482.0  
Other expense (income), net, by reportable segment and Corporate
                                
Label and Graphic Materials
   $ .2     $ 1.4     $ (30.2 )   $ 28.3  
Retail Branding and Information Solutions
     14.6       4.4       44.2       20.6  
Industrial and Healthcare Materials
     .7       6.6       1.3       8.6  
Corporate
     .5             1.0       (.2
Other expense (income), net
   $ 16.0     $ 12.4     $ 16.3     $ 57.3  
Other expense (income), net, by type
                                
Restructuring charges:
                                
Severance and related costs
   $ 1.1     $ 6.5     $ 5.1     $ 46.4  
Asset impairment charges and lease cancellation costs
     1.3       4.4       1.9       6.2  
Other items:
                                
Transaction and related costs
     19.4             20.1       3.2  
Loss on sale of assets, net
                 .2        
(Gain) loss on investments
     (4.9 )       1.5       (4.9 )       1.5  
Gain on sale of product line
     (.9 )             (5.7 )      
Outcomes of legal proceedings, net
(1)
                 (.4 )      
Other expense (income), net
   $ 16.0     $ 12.4     $ 16.3     $ 57.3  
(1)
First nine months of 2021 include an indirect tax credit based on a Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruling in our favor in the amount of $29.1 million, partially offset by a contingent liability related to a patent infringement lawsuit in the amount of $26.6 million. Refer to Note 12, “Commitments and Contingencies,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information related to the patent infringement lawsuit.
Note 14. Supplemental Financial Information
Inventories
The table below summarizes the amounts in inventories, net.
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
    
January 2, 2021
 
Raw materials
   $ 367.3      $ 268.6  
Work-in-progress
     228.9        210.3  
Finished goods
     282.9        238.3  
Inventories, net
   $ 879.1      $ 717.2  
 
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Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Property, Plant and Equipment
The table below summarizes the amounts in property, plant and equipment, net.
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
 
 
January 2, 2021
 
Property, plant and equipment
   $ 3,536.4     $ 3,476.3  
Accumulated depreciation
     (2,130.9     (2,132.6
Property, plant and equipment, net
   $ 1,405.5     $ 1,343.7  

Allowance for Credit Losses
The activity related to our allowance for credit losses is shown below.
  
 
 
  
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
 
 
September 26, 2020
 
Beginning balance
   $ 44.6     $ 27.1  
(Reversal of) provision for credit losses
(1)
     (4.8 )     20.0  
Amounts written off
     (3.1 )     (2.3
Other, including foreign currency translation
    
.3
      1.0  
Ending balance
   $ 37.0     $ 45.8  
(1)
For the nine months ended September 26, 2020, our provision for credit losses reflected impacts on customers as a result of
COVID-19.
 
17

Avery Dennison Corporation 
 
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, or MD&A, provides management’s views on our financial condition and results of operations and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes.
NON-GAAP
FINANCIAL MEASURES
We report our financial results in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or GAAP, and also communicate with investors using certain
non-GAAP
financial measures. These
non-GAAP
financial measures are not in accordance with, nor are they a substitute for or superior to, the comparable GAAP financial measures. These
non-GAAP
financial measures are intended to supplement the presentation of our financial results that are prepared in accordance with GAAP. Based upon feedback from investors and financial analysts, we believe that the supplemental
non-GAAP
financial measures we provide are useful to their assessments of our performance and operating trends, as well as liquidity.
Our
non-GAAP
financial measures exclude the impact of certain events, activities or strategic decisions. The accounting effects of these events, activities or decisions, which are included in the GAAP financial measures, may make it difficult to assess our underlying performance in a single period. By excluding the accounting effects, positive or negative, of certain items (e.g., restructuring charges, outcomes of certain legal proceedings, certain effects of strategic transactions and related costs, losses from debt extinguishments, gains or losses from curtailment or settlement of pension obligations, gains or losses on sales of certain assets, gains or losses on investments and other items), we believe that we are providing meaningful supplemental information that facilitates an understanding of our core operating results and liquidity measures. While some of the items we exclude from GAAP financial measures recur, they tend to be disparate in amount, frequency, or timing.
We use these
non-GAAP
financial measures internally to evaluate trends in our underlying performance, as well as to facilitate comparison to the results of competitors for quarters and year-to-date periods, as applicable.
We use the
non-GAAP
financial measures described below in this MD&A.
 
 
Sales change ex. currency
refers to the increase or decrease in net sales, excluding the estimated impact of foreign currency translation, and, where applicable, the calendar shift resulting from the extra week in the prior fiscal year and currency adjustment for transitional reporting of highly inflationary economies. The estimated impact of foreign currency translation is calculated on a constant currency basis, with prior period results translated at current period average exchange rates to exclude the effect of currency fluctuations.
 
Organic sales change
refers to sales change ex. currency, excluding the estimated impact of acquisitions and product line divestitures.
We believe that sales change ex. currency and organic sales change assist investors in evaluating the sales change from the ongoing activities of our businesses and enhance their ability to evaluate our results from period to period.
 
 
Free cash flow
refers to cash flow provided by operating activities, less payments for property, plant and equipment, software and other deferred charges, plus proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment, plus (minus) net proceeds from insurance and sales (purchases) of investments. Free cash flow is also adjusted for, where applicable, certain acquisition-related transaction costs. We believe that free cash flow assists investors by showing the amount of cash we have available for debt reductions, dividends, share repurchases and acquisitions.
 
Operational working capital as a percentage of annualized current quarter net sales
refers to trade accounts receivable and inventories, net of accounts payable, and excludes cash and cash equivalents, short-term borrowings, deferred taxes, other current assets and other current liabilities, as well as net current assets or liabilities
held-for-sale
divided by annualized current quarter net sales. We believe that operational working capital as a percentage of annualized current quarter net sales assists investors in assessing our working capital requirements because it excludes the impact of fluctuations attributable to our financing and other activities (which affect cash and cash equivalents, deferred taxes, other current assets, and other current liabilities) that tend to be disparate in amount, frequency, or timing, and may increase the volatility of working capital as a percentage of sales from period to period. The items excluded from this measure are not significantly influenced by our
day-to-day
activities managed at the operating level and do not necessarily reflect the underlying trends in our operations.
 
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Avery Dennison Corporation
 
OVERVIEW AND OUTLOOK
Operational and Market Update
Uncertainty surrounding the global health crisis remains elevated as many parts of the world are experiencing an increase in cases related to
COVID-19,
with the greatest impact to the company in Southeast Asia, particularly in our Retail Branding and Information Solutions (“RBIS”) reportable segment. The safety and well-being of employees has been and continues to be our top priority. We have taken steps to ensure employee safety, quickly implementing world-class safety protocols and continuing to adapt our guidelines as the pandemic continues to evolve. Where appropriate, we may take further actions required by international, federal, state or local authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, shareholders and communities.
As supply chains remain constrained, we continue to actively manage through a dynamic supply and demand environment. Demand across the majority of businesses and regions remains strong, while raw materials, freight and labor availability continue to be constrained. Inflation remains persistent and we have implemented pricing and material
re-engineering
actions to offset higher costs. We are leveraging our global scale and working closely with customers and suppliers to minimize disruptions and continue to demonstrate agility and preparedness through robust scenario planning.
Overall,
COVID-19
had a notably negative impact on our consolidated financial results in 2020, most significantly in our RBIS and Industrial and Healthcare Materials (“IHM”) reportable segments. Our operations largely recovered from the prior-period impact of
COVID-19,
with this recovery reflected in higher volume across our businesses.
Net Sales
The factors impacting reported net sales change, as compared to the prior-year period, are shown in the table below.
 
     
Three Months Ended
October 2, 2021
   
Nine Months Ended
October 2, 2021
 
Reported sales change
     20     25
Foreign currency translation
Extra week impact
    
(3

 
   
(5
(1

Sales change ex. currency
(1)
     17       19  
Acquisitions and product line divestitures
     (3     (2
Organic sales change
(1)
     14     17
(1)
Totals may not sum due to rounding
In the three months and nine months ended October 2, 2021, net sales increased on an organic basis compared to the same periods in the prior year due to higher volume/mix and pricing actions.
Net Income
Net income increased from approximately $364 million in the first nine months of 2020 to approximately $557 million in the first nine months of 2021. Major factors affecting the change in net income included the following:
 
   
Higher volume/mix
   
Favorable currency translation
   
Benefits from productivity initiatives, including savings from restructuring actions, net of transition costs
   
Benefit from the Brazil indirect tax credit
   
Lower allowances for credit losses
Offsetting factors:
 
   
Higher employee-related costs
   
The impact of prior-year temporary cost reduction actions
   
Higher tax provision
   
Net impact of higher selling prices, higher raw material costs, and higher freight costs
   
Contingent liability related to patent infringement litigation
   
Higher transaction and related costs
 
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Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Acquisitions
Vestcom Acquisition
On August 31, 2021, we completed our acquisition of CB Velocity Holdings, LLC (“Vestcom”), an Arkansas-based provider of shelf-edge pricing, productivity and consumer engagement solutions for retailers and consumer packaged goods companies for a purchase price of $1.46 billion, subject to customary post-closing adjustments. We funded this acquisition using a combination of cash and proceeds from commercial paper borrowings and issuances of senior notes. Refer to Note 4, “Debt,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
We believe Vestcom’s solutions expand our position in high value categories while adding channel access and data management capabilities to our RBIS reportable segment.
Other 2021 Acquisitions
On March 18, 2021, we completed our acquisition of the net assets of ZippyYum, LLC (“ZippyYum”), a California-based developer of software products used in the food service and food preparation industries. We believe this acquisition enhances the product portfolio in our RBIS reportable segment.
On March 1, 2021, we completed our acquisition of the issued and outstanding stock of JDC Solutions, Inc. (“JDC”), a Tennessee-based manufacturer of pressure-sensitive specialty tapes. We believe this acquisition expands the product portfolio in our IHM reportable segment.
The acquisitions of ZippyYum and JDC are referred to collectively as the “Other 2021 Acquisitions.”
The aggregate purchase consideration for the Other 2021 Acquisitions was approximately $43 million. We funded the Other 2021 Acquisitions using cash and commercial paper borrowings. In addition to the cash paid at closing, the sellers in one of these acquisitions are eligible for earn-out payments of up to approximately $13 million subject to the acquired company’s achievement of certain performance targets. We estimate the fair value of these earn-out payments as of October 2, 2021 to be approximately $12 million, which has been included in the $43 million of aggregate purchase consideration.
The Other 2021 Acquisitions were not material, individually or in the aggregate, to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Refer to Note 2, “Acquisitions,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
Cost Reduction Actions
2019/2020 Actions
During the nine months ended October 2, 2021, we recorded $6.7 million in restructuring charges related to our 2019/2020 actions. These charges consisted of severance and related costs for the reduction of approximately 235 positions at numerous locations across our company, which primarily included actions in our RBIS reportable segment. The actions were primarily related to global headcount and footprint reductions, with some actions accelerated or expanded in response to COVID-19.
Restructuring charges were included in “Other expense (income), net” in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Refer to Note 6, “Cost Reduction Actions,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
 
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Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Cash Flow
 
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
   $ 762.8     $ 441.8  
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
     (130.6     (91.7
Purchases of software and other deferred charges
     (9.8     (13.8
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment
     1.1       .2  
Proceeds from insurance and sales (purchases) of investments, net
     1.2       5.2  
Payments for certain acquisition-related transaction costs
     14.5        
Free cash flow
   $ 639.2     $ 341.7  
During the first nine months of 2021, net cash provided by operating activities increased compared to the same period last year primarily due to higher net income and improved operational working capital, partially offset by higher income tax payments, net of refunds. During the first nine months of 2021, free cash flow increased compared to the same period last year primarily due to an increase in net cash provided by operating activities, partially offset by an increase in purchases of property, plant and equipment.
Outlook
In addition to the continued uncertain impact on
COVID-19
on our businesses and including the impact of the recently completed Vestcom acquisition, certain factors that we believe may contribute to our 2021 results are described below.
 
   
We expect net sales to increase by approximately 20%, including an increase of approximately 3.5% from the effect of foreign currency translation and a decrease of approximately 1.5% related to the calendar shift resulting from the extra week in 2020.
   
We expect closed acquisitions to benefit operating income.
   
Based on recent exchange rates, we expect foreign currency translation to increase our operating income by approximately $30 million.
   
We expect incremental savings from restructuring actions, net of transition costs, of approximately $60 million.
   
We expect the pace of our investments in our businesses to accelerate throughout the year.
   
We expect our full year effective tax rate to be in the
mid-twenty
percent range.
   
We expect net cash provided by operating activities and free cash flow to increase.
ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE THIRD QUARTER
Income Before Taxes
 
    
Three Months Ended
 
(In millions, except percentages)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales
   $ 2,071.8     $ 1,729.1  
Cost of products sold
     1,517.4       1,244.9  
Gross profit
     554.4       484.2  
Marketing, general and administrative expense
     296.9       258.3  
Other expense (income), net
     16.0       12.4  
Interest expense
     18.0       15.6  
Other
non-operating
expense (income), net
     (.9     .1  
Income before taxes
   $ 224.4     $ 197.8  
Gross profit margin
     26.8     28.0
Gross Profit Margin
Gross profit margin for the third quarter of 2021 decreased from the same period last year primarily due to the net impact of higher selling prices, higher raw material costs, and higher freight costs and higher employee-related costs, partially offset by higher volume and the impact of prior-year temporary cost reduction actions.
Marketing, General and Administrative Expense
Marketing, general and administrative expense increased in the third quarter of 2021 compared to the same period last year primarily due to growth investments, higher employee-related costs, and the impact of prior-year temporary cost reduction actions.
 
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Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Other Expense (Income), Net
 
    
Three Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Other expense (income), net, by type
    
Restructuring charges:
    
Severance and related costs
   $ 1.1     $ 6.5  
Asset impairment charges and lease cancellation costs
     1.3       4.4  
Other items:
    
Transaction and related costs
     19.4        
(Gain) loss on investments
     (4.9     1.5  
Gain on sale of product line
     (.9      
Other expense (income), net
   $ 16.0     $ 12.4  
Refer to Note 6, “Cost Reduction Actions,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding restructuring charges.
In May 2021, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court ruled on the recovery of certain indirect taxes that we had paid in previous years. As a result of the ruling, we recorded a gain of $29.1 million in “Other expense (income), net” in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. We expect to use these recoveries to offset our future taxes in Brazil. Refer to Note 13, “Segment and Disaggregated Revenue Information,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding this ruling.
Interest Expense
Interest expense increased in the third quarter of 2021 compared to the same period last year reflecting additional interest costs related to the $800 million of senior notes we issued in August 2021.
Net Income and Earnings per Share
 
    
Three Months Ended
 
(In millions, except per share amounts and percentages)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Income before taxes
   $ 224.4     $ 197.8  
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
     59.2       46.3  
Equity method investment (losses) gains
     (1.1     (1.0
Net income
   $ 164.1     $ 150.5  
Per share amounts:
    
Net income per common share
   $ 1.98     $ 1.80  
Net income per common share, assuming dilution
     1.96       1.79  
Effective tax rate
     26.4     23.4
Provision for (Benefit from) Income Taxes
Our effective tax rate for the three months ended October 2, 2021 was 26.4% compared to 23.4% in the same period last year. The increase was primarily due to a higher forecasted effective tax rate and transaction costs related to the Vestcom acquisition, partially offset by a higher discrete benefit from return-to-provision adjustments upon completion of our 2020 U.S. federal tax return. Refer to Note 8, “Taxes Based on Income,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
 
22

Avery Dennison Corporation 
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS BY REPORTABLE SEGMENT FOR THE THIRD QUARTER
Operating income refers to income before taxes, interest and other
non-operating
expense (income), net.
Label and Graphic Materials
 
    
Three Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales including intersegment sales
   $ 1,370.6     $ 1,165.2  
Less intersegment sales
     (24.8     (19.8
Net sales
   $ 1,345.8     $ 1,145.4  
Operating income
(1)
     184.9       173.1  
(1)
Included charges associated with restructuring actions in both years, transaction and related costs and gain on sale of product line in 2021.
   $ .2     $ 1.4  
Net Sales
The factors impacting reported net sales change are shown in the table below.
 
     
Three Months Ended
October 2, 2021
 
Reported sales change
     18
Foreign currency translation
     (3
Sales change ex. currency
(1)
     15  
Acquisitions and product line divestitures
     (1
Organic sales change
(1)
     14
(1)
Totals may not sum due to rounding
In the third quarter of 2021, net sales increased on an organic basis compared to the same period in the prior year due to favorable volume/mix and pricing actions. On an organic basis, net sales increased by low-double digit rates in emerging markets and North America and more than 20% in Western Europe.
Operating Income
Operating income increased in the third quarter of 2021 compared to the same period last year primarily due to favorable volume/mix, partially offset by the net impact of higher selling prices, higher raw material costs, and higher freight costs and higher employee-related costs.
Retail Branding and Information Solutions
 
    
Three Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales including intersegment sales
   $ 541.1     $ 433.4  
Less intersegment sales
     (10.4     (7.3
Net sales
   $ 530.7     $ 426.1  
Operating income
(1)
     58.5       47.0  
(1)
Included charges associated with restructuring actions and gain on investments and transaction and related costs in 2021, and loss on investments in 2020.
   $ 14.6     $ 4.4  
Net Sales
The factors impacting reported net sales change are shown in the table below.
 
     
Three Months Ended
October 2, 2021
 
Reported sales change
     25
Foreign currency translation
     (2
Sales change ex. currency
(1)
     22  
Acquisitions
     (9
Organic sales change
(1)
     14
(1)
Totals may not sum due to rounding
 
23

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
In the third quarter of 2021, company-wide, net sales of Intelligent Labels solutions and the base business increased on an organic basis by a mid-teens rate.
Operating Income
Operating income increased in the third quarter of 2021 compared to the same period last year primarily due to higher volume, benefits from productivity initiatives, including savings from restructuring actions, net of transition costs, partially offset by increased transaction and related costs, higher employee-related costs, the impact of prior-year temporary cost reduction actions, and growth investments.
Industrial and Healthcare Materials
 
    
Three Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales including intersegment sales
   $ 199.0     $ 159.6  
Less intersegment sales
     (3.7     (2.0
Net sales
   $ 195.3     $ 157.6  
Operating income
(1)
     18.7       12.5  
(1)
Included charges associated with restructuring actions in both years and transaction and related costs in 2021.
   $ .7     $ 6.6  
Net Sales
The factors impacting reported net sales change are shown in the table below.
 
     
Three Months Ended
October 2, 2021
 
Reported sales change
     24
Foreign currency translation
     (4
Sales change ex. currency
(1)
     20  
Acquisitions
     (5
Organic sales change
(1)
     15
(1)
Totals may not sum due to rounding
In the third quarter of 2021, net sales increased on an organic basis compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to a high-teens rate increase in industrial categories and a high-single digit rate increase in healthcare categories.
Operating Income
Operating income increased in the third quarter of 2021 compared to the same period last year primarily due to higher volume/mix and lower restructuring charges, partially offset by the net impact of higher selling prices, higher raw material costs, and higher freight costs, the impact of prior-year temporary cost reduction actions, and higher employee-related costs.
ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE NINE MONTHS
YEAR-TO-DATE
Income Before Taxes
 
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions, except percentages)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales
   $ 6,225.1     $ 4,980.6  
Cost of products sold
     4,497.4       3,628.4  
Gross profit
     1,727.7       1,352.2  
Marketing, general and administrative expense
     916.2       758.7  
Other expense (income), net
     16.3       57.3  
Interest expense
     50.2       54.4  
Other
non-operating
expense (income), net
     (3.6     (.2
Income before taxes
   $ 748.6     $ 482.0  
Gross profit margin
     27.8     27.1
 
24

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Gross Profit Margin
Gross profit margin for the first nine months of 2021 increased from the same period last year primarily due to higher volume and benefits from productivity initiatives, including savings from restructuring actions, net of transition costs, partially offset by the net impact of higher selling prices, higher raw material costs, and higher freight costs, the impact of prior-year temporary cost reduction actions, and higher employee-related costs.
Marketing, General and Administrative Expense
Marketing, general and administrative expense increased in the first nine months of 2021 compared to the same period last year primarily due to higher employee-related costs, the impact of prior-year temporary cost reduction actions, growth investments, and unfavorable currency translation, partially offset by lower allowances for credit losses and benefits from productivity initiatives, including savings from restructuring actions, net of transition costs.
Other Expense (Income), Net
 
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Other expense (income), net, by type
    
Restructuring charges:
    
Severance and related costs
   $ 5.1     $ 46.4  
Asset impairment charges and lease cancellation costs
     1.9       6.2  
Other items:
    
Transaction and related costs
     20.1       3.2  
Loss on sale of assets, net
     .2        
(Gain) loss on investment
     (4.9     1.5  
Gain on sale of product line
     (5.7      
Outcomes of legal proceedings, net
     (.4      
Other expense (income), net
   $ 16.3     $ 57.3  
Refer to Note 6, “Cost Reduction Actions,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding restructuring charges. Refer to Note 13, “Segment and Disaggregated Revenue Information,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding outcomes of legal proceedings.
Interest Expense
Interest expense decreased in the first nine months of 2021 compared to the same period last year reflecting lower borrowing rates on outstanding indebtedness.
Net Income and Earnings per Share
 
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions, except per share amounts and percentages)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Income before taxes
   $ 748.6     $ 482.0  
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
     187.7       114.8  
Equity method investment (losses) gains
     (3.5     (2.8
Net income
   $ 557.4     $ 364.4  
Per share amounts:
    
Net income per common share
   $ 6.72     $ 4.37  
Net income per common share, assuming dilution
     6.64       4.34  
Effective tax rate
     25.1     23.8
Provision for (Benefit from) Income Taxes
Our effective tax rate for the nine months ended October 2, 2021 was 25.1% compared to 23.8% in the same period last year. The increase was primarily due to net discrete tax charges related to tax effects on outcomes of certain legal proceedings and transaction costs related to the Vestcom acquisition, partially offset by higher discrete benefits from return-to-provision adjustments for tax years 2018 and 2020. Refer to Note 8, “Taxes Based on Income,” to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.
 
25

Avery Dennison Corporation
 
We estimate our effective tax rate for fiscal year 2021 to be in the
mid-twenty
percent range. Our effective tax rate can vary from quarter to quarter due to a variety of factors, such as changes in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in tax reserves, settlements of income tax audits, changes in tax laws and regulations,
return-to-provision
adjustments, tax impacts related to stock-based payments and execution of tax planning strategies.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS BY REPORTABLE SEGMENT FOR THE NINE MONTHS
YEAR-TO-DATE
Operating income refers to income before taxes, interest and other
non-operating
expense (income), net.
Label and Graphic Materials
 
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales including intersegment sales
   $ 4,170.1     $ 3,475.5  
Less intersegment sales
     (71.1     (55.1
Net sales
   $ 4,099.0     $ 3,420.4  
Operating income
(1)
     639.2       483.1  
(1)
 Included charges associated with restructuring actions and transaction and related costs in both years, and outcomes of legal proceedings and gain on sale of product line in 2021.
   $ (30.2   $ 28.3  
Net Sales
The factors impacting reported net sales change are shown in the table below.
 
     
Nine Months Ended
October 2, 2021
 
Reported sales change
     20
Foreign currency translation
Extra week impact
    
(5
(1

Sales change ex. currency
(1)
     13  
Acquisitions and product line divestitures
     (1
Organic sales change
(1)
     12
(1)
Totals may not sum due to rounding
In the first nine months of 2021, net sales increased on an organic basis compared to the same period in the prior year due to favorable volume/mix. On an organic basis, net sales increased by a mid-teens rate in emerging markets, a
mid-to-high
single digit rate in North America, and a mid-teens rate in Western Europe.
Operating Income
Operating income increased in the first nine months of 2021 compared to the same period last year primarily due to favorable volume/mix, the Brazil indirect tax credit, lower restructuring charges, favorable foreign currency translation, and lower allowances for credit losses. These benefits were partially offset by the net impact of higher selling prices, higher raw material costs, and higher freight costs and higher employee-related costs.
Retail Branding and Information Solutions
 
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales including intersegment sales
   $ 1,570.8     $ 1,142.3  
Less intersegment sales
     (28.1     (19.4
Net sales
   $ 1,542.7     $ 1,122.9  
Operating income
(1)
     160.6       67.2  
(1)
 Included charges associated with restructuring actions and transaction and related costs in both years, outcome of legal proceedings, loss on sale of asset and gain on investments in 2021, and loss on investments in 2020.
   $ 44.2     $ 20.6  
 
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Avery Dennison Corporation
 
Net Sales
The factors impacting reported net sales change are shown in the table below.
 
     
Nine Months Ended
October 2, 2021
 
Reported sales change
     37
Foreign currency translation
     (3
Extra week impact
     (1
Sales change ex. currency
(1)
     33  
Acquisitions
     (5
Organic sales change
(1)
     28
(1)
Totals may not sum due to rounding
On an organic basis, net sales in the segment related to Intelligent Labels increased by approximately 30%. Net sales in the base business increased approximately 25% in the first nine months of 2021, partially due to the recovery from the prior-period impact of
COVID-19.
Operating Income
Operating income increased in the first nine months of 2021 compared to the same period last year primarily due to higher volume, benefits from productivity initiatives, including savings from restructuring actions, net of transition costs, and lower restructuring charges, partially offset by higher employee-related costs, outcomes of legal proceedings, the impact of prior-year temporary cost reduction actions, growth investments, and higher transaction and related costs.
Industrial and Healthcare Materials
 
    
Nine Months Ended
 
(In millions)
  
October 2, 2021
   
September 26, 2020
 
Net sales including intersegment sales
   $ 591.4     $ 442.1  
Less intersegment sales
     (8.0     (4.8