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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2023
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number 1-5978
SIFCO Industries, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Ohio 34-0553950
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
970 East 64th Street, Cleveland Ohio
 
44103
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(216) 881-8600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “non-accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.       
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common SharesSIFNYSE American
The number of the Registrant’s Common Shares, par value $1.00, outstanding at December 31, 2023 was 6,159,987.



Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Net sales$21,052 $21,299 
Cost of goods sold20,316 20,038 
Gross profit736 1,261 
Selling, general and administrative expenses3,581 3,280 
Amortization of intangible assets40 61 
Gain on disposal of operating assets (11)
Operating loss(2,885)(2,069)
Interest expense, net430 275 
Foreign currency exchange loss (gain), net4 (3)
Other expense, net53 182 
Loss before income tax expense(3,372)(2,523)
Income tax expense50 66 
Net loss$(3,422)$(2,589)
Net loss per share
Basic$(0.57)$(0.44)
Diluted$(0.57)$(0.44)
Weighted-average number of common shares (basic)5,956 5,896 
Weighted-average number of common shares (diluted)5,956 5,896 
See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
2



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Net loss$(3,422)$(2,589)
Other comprehensive loss:
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax253 342 
Retirement plan liability adjustment, net of tax43 78 
       Other 1 
Comprehensive loss$(3,126)$(2,168)
See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
3



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

December 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
 (unaudited) 
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$3,236 $368 
Receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $121 and $242, respectively
18,184 20,196 
Contract assets10,949 10,091 
Inventories, net12,430 8,853 
Refundable income taxes84 84 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2,692 1,882 
Total current assets47,575 41,474 
Property, plant and equipment, net35,884 36,287 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net14,152 14,380 
Intangible assets, net248 278 
Goodwill3,493 3,493 
Other assets131 81 
Total assets$101,483 $95,993 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Current maturities of long-term debt$4,085 $3,820 
Promissory note - related party3,150  
Revolver16,061 16,289 
Short-term operating lease liabilities884 869 
Accounts payable14,832 13,497 
Accrued liabilities8,852 6,477 
Total current liabilities47,864 40,952 
Long-term debt, net of current maturities, net of unamortized debt issuance costs4,393 2,457 
Long-term operating lease liabilities, net of short-term13,799 14,020 
Deferred income taxes, net105 142 
Pension liability3,411 3,417 
Other long-term liabilities664 670 
Shareholders’ equity:
Serial preferred shares, no par value, authorized 1,000 shares; 0 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023
  
Common shares, par value $1 per share, authorized 10,000 shares; issued and outstanding shares 6,160 at December 31, 2023 and 6,105 at September 30, 2023
6,160 6,105 
Additional paid-in capital11,609 11,626 
Retained earnings19,842 23,264 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(6,364)(6,660)
Total shareholders’ equity31,247 34,335 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$101,483 $95,993 
See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
4



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited, Amounts in thousands)
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(3,422)$(2,589)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used for) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization1,562 1,571 
Amortization of debt issuance costs11 10 
Gain on disposal of operating assets  (11)
Loss on insurance proceeds received for non-property claim 110 
LIFO effect293 262 
Share transactions under company stock plan, net37 51 
Inventory valuation accounts392 (812)
Other long-term liabilities18 (96)
Deferred income taxes(37)7 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Receivables2,230 1,632 
Contract assets(859)(1,350)
Inventories(4,056)1,544 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(667)84 
Other assets(49)107 
Accounts payable862 2,488 
Other accrued liabilities1,459 (2,775)
Accrued income and other taxes89 59 
Net cash (used for) provided by operating activities (2,137)292 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Proceeds from disposal of operating assets 12 
Capital expenditures(496)(547)
Net cash used for investing activities (496)(535)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from long-term debt2,183  
Payments on long-term debt(274)(257)
Proceeds from revolving credit agreement23,413 19,768 
Repayments of revolving credit agreement(23,641)(19,385)
Payment of debt issuance costs(236) 
Proceeds from promissory note related party3,000  
Short-term debt borrowings2,246 1,360 
Short-term debt repayments(1,223)(1,370)
Net cash provided by financing activities5,468 116 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents2,835 (127)
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period368 1,174 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents33 110 
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period$3,236 $1,157 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information of operations:
Cash paid for interest$(428)$(259)
Non-cash investing activities:
Additions to property, plant & equipment - incurred but not yet paid$541 $795 
Non-cash financing activities:
Debt issuance cost due at maturity - related party$910 $ 
See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
5



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
(Unaudited, Amounts in thousands)  

Three Months Ended
December 31, 2023
CommonAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance - September 30, 20236,105 $6,105 $11,626 $23,264 $(6,660)$34,335 
Comprehensive (loss) income— — — (3,422)296 (3,126)
Performance and restricted share expense— — 87 — — 87 
Share transactions under equity-based plans55 55 (104)— — (49)
Balance - December 31, 20236,160 $6,160 $11,609 $19,842 $(6,364)$31,247 

Three Months Ended
December 31, 2022
CommonAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance - September 30, 20226,040 $6,040 $11,387 $31,956 $(8,693)$40,690 
Comprehensive (loss) income— — — (2,589)421 (2,168)
Performance and restricted share expense— — 122 — — 122 
Share transactions under equity-based plans32 32 (103)— — (71)
Balance - December 31, 20226,072 $6,072 $11,406 $29,367 $(8,272)$38,573 


See notes to unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.
6



SIFCO Industries, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
1.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

A. Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements include the accounts of SIFCO Industries, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively, the "Company"). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The U.S. dollar is the functional currency for all of the Company’s operations in the United States ("U.S.") and its non-operating subsidiaries. For these operations, all gains and losses from completed currency transactions are included in income (loss). The functional currency for the Company's non-U.S. subsidiaries is the Euro. Assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at the rates of exchange at the end of the period, and revenues and expenses are translated using average rates of exchange for the period which approximate the rates in effect at the date of the transaction. Foreign currency translation adjustments are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.

These unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s fiscal 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The year-end consolidated condensed balance sheet contained in these financial statements was derived from the audited financial statements and disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) and disclosures considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for other interim periods or the full year.

B. Accounting Policies
A summary of the Company’s significant accounting policies is included in Note 1 to the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2023.

C. Net Loss per Share
The Company’s net loss per basic share has been computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. During a period of net loss, zero restricted and performance shares are included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share because the effect would be anti-dilutive. In a period of net income, the net income per diluted share reflects the effect of the Company's outstanding restricted shares and performance shares under the treasury stock method. The dilutive effect is as follows:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Net loss$(3,422)$(2,589)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (basic and diluted)5,956 5,896 
Net loss per share – basic and diluted$(0.57)$(0.44)
Anti-dilutive weighted-average common shares excluded from calculation of diluted earnings per share249 176 

D. Going Concern
In accordance with ASU 2014-15, "Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40) ("ASC 205-40")", the Company has the responsibility to evaluate whether conditions and/or events raise substantial doubt about its ability to meet its future financial obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. This evaluation requires management to perform two steps. First, management must evaluate whether there are conditions and events that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. Second, if management concludes that substantial doubt is raised, management is required to consider whether its plans that are not yet fully implemented are probable of both being implemented and effective in alleviating that doubt. In the event substantial doubt is raised, disclosures in the notes to the consolidated condensed financial statements of management’s plans and management’s conclusion as to whether
7



the substantial doubt exists or has been alleviated are required. The consolidated condensed financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern and do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets, or the amounts and classification of liabilities that may result from the outcome of this uncertainty. This step shall not take into consideration the potential mitigating effects of plans that have not been fully implemented as of the date the financial statements are issued.

The Company has debt maturing in October 2024. As a result of this condition, there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

The Company continues to evaluate available financial alternatives, including obtaining acceptable alternative financing. The Company cannot provide assurances that it will be successful in restructuring the existing debt obligations, obtaining capital or entering into a strategic alternative transaction which provides sufficient funding for the refinancing of its outstanding indebtedness prior to the maturity date of its obligations under the Credit Agreements. See Note 7, Debt.

E. Recent Accounting Standards Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments" and subsequent updates. ASU 2016-13 changes how entities will measure credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments that are not measured at fair value through net income. The new guidance will replace the current incurred loss approach with an expected loss model. The new expected credit loss impairment model will apply to most financial assets measured at amortized cost and certain other instruments, including trade and other receivables, loans, held-to-maturity debt instruments, net investments in leases, loan commitments and standby letters of credit. Upon initial recognition of the exposure, the expected credit loss model requires entities to estimate the credit losses expected over the life of an exposure (or pool of exposures). The estimate of expected credit losses should consider historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts, including estimates of prepayments. Financial instruments with similar risk characteristics should be grouped together when estimating expected credit losses. ASU 2016-13 does not prescribe a specific method to make the estimate, so its application will require significant judgment. ASU 2016-13 is effective for public companies in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. However, in November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, "Financial Instruments - Credit Loss (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842)," which defers the effective date for public filers that qualify as a smaller reporting company ("SRC"), as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission, to fiscal years after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Because SIFCO is considered a SRC, this ASU is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2023. The effect of adopting this ASU did not have an impact to the Company's results within the consolidated condensed statements of operations and financial condition.

F. Recent Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
In July 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-03, "Presentation of Financial Statement (Topic 205), Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480), Equity (Topic 505), and Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718)", to amend various SEC paragraphs in the Accounting Standards Codification to reflect the issuance of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 120, among other things. The ASU does not provide any new guidance so there is no transition or effective date associated with it. The Company is currently assessing the impact of adopting ASU 2023-03 on the consolidated condensed financial statements and related disclosures.

In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, "Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures", that would enhance disclosures for significant segment expenses for all public entities required to report segment information in accordance with ASC 280. ASC 280 requires a public entity to report for each reportable segment a measure of segment profit or loss that its chief operating decision maker ("CODM") uses to assess segment performance and to make decisions about resource allocations. The amendments in ASU 2023-07 improve financial reporting by requiring disclosure of incremental segment information on an annual and interim basis for all public entities to enable investors to develop more useful financial analyses. Currently, Topic 280 requires that a public entity disclose certain information about its reportable segments. For example, a public entity is required to report a measure of segment profit or loss that the CODM uses to assess segment performance and make decisions about allocating resources. ASC 280 also requires other specified segment items and amounts such as depreciation, amortization and depletion expense to be disclosed under certain circumstances. The amendments in ASU 2023-07 do not change or remove those disclosure requirements. The amendments in ASU 2023-07 also do not change how a public entity identifies its operating segments, aggregates those operating segments, or applies the quantitative thresholds to determine its reportable segments. The amendments in ASU 2023-07 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption is permitted. A public entity should apply the amendments in ASU 2023-07 retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the
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financial statements. The Company is currently assessing the impact of adopting ASU 2023-07 on the consolidated condensed financial statements and related disclosures.

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures". ASU 2023-09 is intended to enhance the transparency and decision usefulness of income tax disclosures. The amendments in ASU 2023-09 address investor requests for enhanced income tax information primarily through changes to the rate reconciliation and income taxes paid information. Early adoption is permitted. A public entity should apply the amendments in ASU 2023-09 prospectively to all annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our consolidated condensed financial statements and related disclosures.

G. Employee Retention Credit
Under the Employee Retention Credit ("ERC") program, eligible businesses, both for-profit and not-for-profit, that experienced a full or partial government-ordered suspension of operations or a "significant" decline in gross receipts in any quarter (more than 50% decrease in 2020 from 2019, and more than 20% in 2021) could receive a quarterly refundable payroll tax credit. The Company, with reasonably assured qualification, submitted for refunds under the ERC program.

As no authoritative guidance exists under U.S. GAAP for reporting ERCs, the Company adopted International Accounting Standards ("IAS") 20 – Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance which permits the recording and presentation of either the gross amount as other income or netting the credit against related expense. For the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, there was no income or expense recorded.

2.Inventories
Inventories consist of:
December 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
Raw materials and supplies$2,710 $1,684 
Work-in-process6,548 4,061 
Finished goods3,172 3,108 
Total inventories, net$12,430 $8,853 

For a portion of the Company's inventory, cost is determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method. Approximately 32% and 19% of the Company’s inventories at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively, use the LIFO method. An actual valuation of inventory under the LIFO method is made at the end of each fiscal year based on the inventory levels and costs existing at that time. Accordingly, interim LIFO calculations must be based on management’s estimates of expected year-end inventory levels and costs. Because the actual results may vary from these estimates, the annual results may differ from interim results as they are subject to adjustments based on the differences between the estimates and the actual results. The first-in, first-out ("FIFO") method is used for the remainder of the inventories, which are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value ("NRV"). If the FIFO method had been used for the inventories for which cost is determined using the LIFO method, inventories would have been $9,927 and $9,634 higher than reported at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. The Company estimates net realizable value, excess and obsolescence and shrink reserves for its inventory based upon historical experience, historical and projected sales trends and the age of inventory on hand. As of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, our inventory valuation allowances were $3,534 and $4,049, respectively.

3.Long-lived Assets
The Company reviews the carrying value of its long-lived assets ("asset groups"), when events and circumstances indicate a triggering event has occurred. A triggering event is a change in circumstances that indicates the carrying value of the asset group may not be recoverable. This review is performed using estimates of future undiscounted cash flows, which include proceeds from disposal of assets. Under the Accounting Standard Codification ("ASC") 360 ("Topic 360"), if the carrying value of a long-lived asset is greater than the estimated undiscounted future cash flows, then the long-lived asset is considered impaired and an impairment charge is recorded for the amount by which the carrying value of the long-lived asset exceeds its fair value.

The Company continuously monitors for indicators of impairment to determine if further testing is necessary. In the first quarter of fiscal 2024, the Company evaluated potential triggering events and did not identify any indicators that the asset groups might be impaired.
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4.Goodwill
The Company tests its goodwill for impairment in the fourth fiscal quarter, and in interim periods if certain events occur indicating that the carrying amount of goodwill may be impaired. In the first quarter of fiscal 2024, the Company evaluated potential triggering events and determined interim testing was not required.

5.    Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss are as follows:
December 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
Foreign currency translation adjustment$(5,675)$(5,928)
Retirement plan liability adjustment, net of tax(698)(741)
Interest rate swap agreement, net of tax9 9 
Total accumulated other comprehensive loss$(6,364)$(6,660)

6.    Leases
The components of lease expense were as follows:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
20232022
Finance lease expense:
     Amortization of right-of use assets on finance leases$18 $12 
     Interest on lease liabilities2 1 
Operating lease expense426 423 
Variable lease cost20 25 
Total lease expense$466 $461 

The following table presents the impact of leasing on the consolidated condensed balance sheet.
Classification in the consolidated condensed balance sheetsDecember 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
Assets:
Finance lease assets  Property, plant and equipment, net$135 $147 
Operating lease assets  Operating lease right-of-use assets, net14,152 14,380 
Total lease assets$14,287 $14,527 
Current liabilities:
Finance lease liabilities  Current maturities of long-term debt$62 $61 
Operating lease liabilities  Short-term operating lease liabilities884 869 
Non-current liabilities:
Finance lease liabilities  Long-term debt, net of current maturities70 81 
Operating lease liabilities  Long-term operating lease liabilities, net of short-term13,799 14,020 
Total lease liabilities$14,815 $15,031 



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Supplemental cash flow and other information related to leases were as follows:
December 31,
2023
December 31,
2022
Other Information
Cash paid for amounts included in measurement of liabilities:
     Operating cash flows from operating leases$424 $422 
     Operating cash flows from finance leases2 1 
     Financing cash flows from finance leases16 12 

December 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years):
     Finance leases3.12.9
     Operating leases12.312.5
Weighted-average discount rate:
     Finance leases5.0 %5.1 %
     Operating leases5.9 %5.9 %

Future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases at December 31, 2023 were as follows:
Finance LeasesOperating Leases
Year ending September 30,
2024 (excluding the three months ended December 31, 2023)$51 $1,276 
202538 1,698 
202630 1,695 
202722 1,703 
2028 1,557 
Thereafter 12,741 
Total lease payments$141 $20,670 
Less: Imputed interest(9)(5,987)
Present value of lease liabilities$132 $14,683 

7.    Debt
Debt consists of: 
December 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
Revolving credit agreement$16,061 $16,289 
Foreign subsidiary borrowings, net of unamortized debt issuance cost8,975 5,771 
Promissory note - related party3,150  
Finance lease obligations132 142 
Less: unamortized debt issuance cost - ($910 is related party)
(940) 
Other, net of unamortized debt issuance costs $(6) and $(9), respectively
311 364 
Total debt27,689 22,566 
Less – current maturities(23,296)(20,109)
Total long-term debt$4,393 $2,457 


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Credit Agreement and Security Agreement
On November 8, 2023, the Company entered into the Eighth Amendment to the Credit Agreement (the "Eighth Amendment") with its Lender. The Eighth Amendment, among other things, reduced the Reserves under the Borrowing Base in the Credit Agreement to $1,500, or such lesser amount, if any, as may be agreed upon in writing by the Lender in its sole discretion.

The Company entered into the Ninth Amendment (the "Ninth Amendment") to the Credit Agreement and the Fourth Amendment (the "Fourth Amendment") to the Export Credit Agreement with its lender on December 21, 2023. The Ninth Amendment amends the Credit Agreement to, among other things, to: (i) reflect the incurrence by borrowers of the Subordinated Loan and the execution and delivery by borrowers, the Lender and Mark J. Silk (Mr. Silk is a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and considered a related party) of the Subordinated Loan Documents, and the receipt by borrowers of $3,000 in immediately available funds on the Ninth Amendment Effective Date; (ii) delay the maturity date from December 31, 2023 to October 4, 2024, or any earlier date on which the Revolving Commitment is reduced to zero or otherwise terminated pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement; (iii) reduce the Revolving Commitment to $19,000 from $23,000; (iv) modify the definition of Borrowing Base to mean, at any time, the sum of (a) 85% of Eligible Accounts at such time, plus (b) the lesser of (1) 70% of Eligible Inventory, valued at the lower of cost or market value, determined on a first-in-first-out basis, at such time and (2) the product of 85% multiplied by the NOLV Percentage identified in the most recent inventory appraisal ordered by the Lender multiplied by Eligible Inventory, valued at the lower of cost or market value, determined on a first-in-first-out basis, at such time, minus (c) Reserves of $1,500, increasing on the first day of each month by $250, commencing on May 1, 2024 and continuing until (and including) August 1, 2024, or such lesser amount, if any, as may be agreed upon in writing by the Lender in its sole discretion (which may be by email from the Lender), plus (d) the PP&E Component; (v) modify the Applicable Margin schedule to reflect the following applicable rates: 2.75% (CBFR REVSOFR30), 0.25% (CBFR Spread (CB Floating Rate)), 2.75% (SOFR Spread), and 0.50% (Commitment Fee Rate); and (vi) amend and restate subsection (l) of the Reporting Schedule to require, by the 17th day of every month, the delivery of a rolling 13 week cash flow forecast in form acceptable to Lender, which must include a projected to actual results comparison for the week then ended and on a cumulative basis from the beginning of the cash flow forecast. The Fourth Amendment of the Export Credit Agreement, to, among other things, to: (i) reflect the incurrence by borrowers of the Subordinated Loan and the execution and delivery by borrowers, the Lender and Silk of the Subordinated Loan Documents, and the receipt by borrowers of $3,000 in immediately available funds on the Ninth Amendment Effective Date; and (ii) delay the maturity date to October 4, 2024, or any earlier date on which the Revolving Commitment is reduced to zero or otherwise terminated pursuant to the terms thereof.

The total collateral at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 was $23,065 and $21,089, respectively, and the revolving commitment was $26,000 and $30,000, respectively. Total availability at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 was $5,034 and $2,830, respectively, which exceeds both the collateral and total commitment threshold. The Credit Agreement contains affirmative and negative covenants and events of default. Since the availability exceeded the $1,500 reserve minimum as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, no covenant calculations were required. The Company has a letter of credit balance of $1,970 as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively. The Credit Agreement under the Ninth Amendment has a maturity date of October 4, 2024.

The revolving credit agreement (or "revolver"), as amended, has a rate based on SOFR plus a 2.75% spread, which was 8.2% at December 31, 2023 and a rate based on SOFR plus a 2.25% spread, which was 7.7% at September 30, 2023. The Export Credit Agreement as amended has a rate based on SOFR plus a 2.25% spread, which was 7.7% at December 31, 2023 and a rate based on SOFR plus a 1.75% spread, which was 7.2% at September 30, 2023. The Company also has a commitment fee of 0.50% under the Credit Agreement as amended to be incurred on the unused balance of the revolver.

Debt issuance costs - revolver
The Company incurred new debt issuance costs of $117 in the first quarter of fiscal 2024 as it pertains to the new amendments entered into, which are included in the consolidated condensed balance sheet as a deferred charge in other current assets, net of amortization of $0 at December 31, 2023. The Company previously had debt issuance costs of $86, which were included in the consolidated condensed balance sheets as a deferred charge in other current assets, net of amortization of $86 and $78 at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively.

Subordinated Promissory Note and Guarantee
The Company, in connection with the Ninth Amendment and the Fourth Amendment, incurred a secured subordinated loan from Garnet Holdings, Inc., a California corporation owned and controlled by Mark J. Silk ("GHI") (Mr. Silk is a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and considered a related party), in the original principal amount of $3,000 (the "Subordinated Loan") on the terms and subject to the conditions of a Subordinated Secured Promissory Note (the "Subordinated Promissory Note"). The obligations of borrowers under the Subordinated Loan mature on October 4, 2024. Interest accrues on
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the then-outstanding principal amount at a rate of 14% per annum and shall be paid in kind (and not in cash) by capitalization as additional principal ("PIK Interest") each six-month period after the date hereof in arrears. The Company agreed to pay to Mr. Silk a fully earned and non-refundable fee in an amount equal to $150, which fee shall be due and payable in full on, and subject to the occurrence of the Maturity Date or such earlier date on which the Company’s obligations under the Subordinated Promissory Note are accelerated pursuant to the terms thereof. Borrower’s obligations under the Subordinated Promissory Note are secured by a first priority lien, subject to any liens granted to Lender as described in the Subordination Agreement, on all of borrowers’ accounts, deposit accounts, contract rights, documents, equipment, general intangibles, instruments, inventory, investment property, commercial tort claims, all other goods and personal property whether tangible or intangible and wherever located, and all proceeds of the foregoing. The Subordinated Promissory note carrying value was $3,150 and $0 at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively. The Subordinated Promissory Note interest rate was 14% and 0% at December 31, 2023 and September 2023, respectively.

The Ninth Amendment, was also subject to including, but not limited to, the execution and delivery by Mark. J. Silk, a member of the Board of Directors of the Company ("Silk"), of a Guaranty Agreement (the "Guaranty") in favor of Lender pursuant to which Silk guarantees the obligations of borrowers under the Credit Agreement and Export Credit Agreement. The Fee Letter requires the borrowers to pay Silk a fee (the "Guaranty Fee") in consideration for his agreement to execute and deliver the Guaranty in an amount equal to $760, which was included in the consolidated condensed balance sheets as a deferred charge in accrued liabilities. The Guaranty Fee becomes due and payable on the maturity date.

Foreign subsidiary borrowings in USD
Foreign debt consists of:
December 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
Term loan, net of unamortized debt issuance cost $(89) and $0, respectively
$5,329 $3,293 
Short-term borrowings2,215 1,862 
Factor1,431 616 
Total debt$8,975 $5,771 
Less – current maturities(4,645)(3,386)
Total long-term debt$4,330 $2,385 
Receivables pledged as collateral$1,348 $1,247 

Interest rates on foreign borrowings are based on Euribor rates, which range from 0.5% to 8.0%.

The Company's Maniago, Italy ("Maniago") location obtained borrowings from two separate lending sources in the first quarter of fiscal 2024. The first was a bond for $2,208 with repayment terms of seven years. Under the terms of the borrowing, repayments are made semi-annually in the amount of $200, beginning on June 29, 2024. The proceeds from this loan are shown within cash and cash equivalents on the consolidated condensed balance sheets and will be used for capital investment. A second loan with a with a term of 1 year, 6 months was obtained in the amount of $1,104. The proceeds from this loan will be for working capital purposes.

The Company factors receivables from one of its customers. The Company accounts for the pledge of receivables under this agreement as short-term debt and continues to carry the receivables on its consolidated condensed balance sheets.

8.     Income Taxes
For each interim reporting period, the Company makes an estimate of the effective tax rate it expects to be applicable for the full fiscal year for its operations. This estimated effective rate is used in providing for income taxes on a year-to-date basis. The Company’s effective tax rate through the first three months of fiscal 2024 was (1.5)%, compared with (2.6)% for the same period of fiscal 2023. The decrease in the effective rate was primarily attributable to changes in jurisdictional mix of income in fiscal 2024 compared with the same period of fiscal 2023. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate due primarily to the valuation allowance against the Company’s U.S. deferred tax assets and income in foreign jurisdictions that are taxed at different rates than the U.S. statutory tax rate.

The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, Ireland, Italy, and various state and local jurisdictions.
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9.    Retirement Benefit Plans
The Company and certain of its subsidiaries sponsor defined benefit pension plans covering some of its employees. The components of the net periodic benefit cost of the Company’s defined benefit plans are as follows:

Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Service cost$17 $6 
Interest cost271 274 
Expected return on plan assets(262)(277)
Amortization of net loss43 78 
Net periodic pension cost (benefit)$69 $81 

During the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company made $9 and $8 in cash contributions, and $86 and $0 in non-cash contributions utilizing carryover balance, respectively, to its defined benefit pension plans. The Company anticipates making $66 in cash contributions to fund its defined benefit pension plans for the balance of fiscal 2024, and will use carryover balances from previous periods that have been available for use as a credit to reduce the amount of cash contributions that the Company is required to make to certain defined benefit plans in fiscal 2024. The Company's ability to elect to use such carryover balance will be determined based on the actual funded status of each defined benefit pension plan relative to the plan's minimum regulatory funding requirements. The Company does not anticipate making cash contributions above the minimum funding requirement to fund its defined benefit pension plans during the balance of fiscal 2024.

10.    Stock-Based Compensation
The Company has outstanding equity awards under the Company's 2007 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the "2007 Plan") and the Company's 2007 Long-Term Incentive Plan (Amended and Restated as of November 16, 2016) (as further amended, the "2016 Plan"), and awards performance and restricted shares under the 2016 Plan.

In the first three months of fiscal 2024, the Company granted 120 shares under the 2016 Plan to certain key employees. The awards were split into two tranches, comprised of 46 performance-based shares and 74 time-based restricted shares, with a grant date fair value of $3.60 per share. The awards vest over three years. There were 8 shares forfeited during the three month period ended December 31, 2023.

If all outstanding share awards are ultimately earned and vest at the target number of shares, there are approximately 308 shares that remain available for award at December 31, 2023. If any of the outstanding share awards are ultimately earned and vest at greater than the target number of shares, up to a maximum of 150% of such target, then a fewer number of shares would be available for award.

Stock-based compensation under the 2016 Plan was $86 and $122 during the first three months of fiscal 2024 and 2023, respectively. As of December 31, 2023, there was $573 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to the performance shares and restricted shares awarded under the 2016 Plan. The Company expects to recognize this cost over the next 1.8 years.

11.    Revenue
The Company produces forged components for (i) turbine engines that power commercial, business and regional aircraft as well as military aircraft and other military applications; (ii) airframe applications for a variety of aircraft; (iii) industrial gas and steam turbine engines for power generation units; and (iv) commercial space, semiconductor and other commercial applications.

Revenue is recognized when performance obligations under the terms of the contract with a customer of the Company are satisfied. A portion of the Company's contracts are from purchase orders ("PO's"), which continue to be recognized as of a point in time when products are shipped from the Company's manufacturing facilities or at a later time when control of the products transfers to the customer. Under the revenue standard, the Company recognizes certain revenue over time as it satisfies the performance obligations because the conditions of transfer of control to the applicable customer are as follows:

Certain military contracts, which relate to the provisions of specialized or unique goods to the U.S. government with no alternative use, include provisions within the contract that are subject to the Federal Acquisition Regulation ("FAR"). The FAR provision allows the customer to unilaterally terminate the contract for convenience and requires
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the customer to pay the Company for costs incurred plus reasonable profit margin and take control of any work in process.

For certain commercial contracts involving customer-specific products with no alternative use, the contract may fall under the FAR clause provisions noted above for military contracts or may include certain provisions within their contract that the customer controls the work in process based on contractual termination clauses or restrictions of the Company's use of the product and the Company possesses a right to payment for work performed to date plus reasonable profit margin.

As a result of control transferring over time for these products, revenue is recognized based on progress toward completion of the performance obligation. The selection of the method to measure progress towards completion requires judgment and is based on the nature of the products to be provided. The Company elected to use the cost to cost input method of progress based on costs incurred for these contracts because it best depicts the transfer of goods to the customer based on incurring costs on the contracts. Under this method, the extent of progress towards completion is measured based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to the total estimated costs at completion of the performance obligation. Revenues are recorded proportionally as costs are incurred.

The following table represents a breakout of total revenue by customer type:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
20232022
Commercial revenue$13,240 $10,181 
Military revenue7,812 11,118 
Total $21,052 $21,299 

The following table represents revenue by end market:
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Net Sales20232022
Aerospace components for:
Fixed wing aircraft$9,939 $10,726 
Rotorcraft3,150 4,380 
Energy components for power generation units6,191 4,624 
Commercial product and other revenue1,772 1,569 
Total$21,052 $21,299 

The following table represents revenue by geographic region based on the Company's selling operation locations:

Three Months Ended
December 31,
Net Sales20232022
North America$15,474 $17,294 
Europe5,578 4,005 
Total$21,052 $21,299 

In addition to the disaggregated revenue information provided above, approximately 41% and 54% of total net sales for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, was recognized on an over-time basis because of the continuous transfer of control to the customer, with the remainder recognized at a point in time. 

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Contract Balances
The following table contains a roll forward of contract assets and contract liabilities for the period ended December 31, 2023:
December 31,
2023
December 31,
2022
Contract assets - Beginning balance$10,091 $10,172 
Additional revenue recognized over-time9,184 12,042 
Less amounts billed to the customers(8,326)(10,692)
Contract assets - Ending balance$10,949 $11,522 

December 31,
2023
December 31,
2022
Contract liabilities (included within Accrued liabilities) - Beginning balance$(1,150)$(807)
Payments received in advance of performance obligations(1,753)(1,401)
Performance obligations satisfied20 426 
Contract liabilities (included within Accrued liabilities) - Ending balance$(2,883)$(1,782)

Accounts receivable were $16,515 and $15,308 at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2022, respectively. There were no impairment losses recorded on contract assets as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023.

Remaining performance obligations
As of December 31, 2023, the Company has $103,569 of remaining performance obligations, the majority of which are anticipated to be completed within the next twelve months.

12.    Commitments and Contingencies
On December 30, 2022, the Company became aware of a cyber security issue involving unauthorized access to the Company's system (the "Cyber Incident"). The Company immediately began an investigation and engaged cyber security experts to assist with the assessment of the incident and to help determine what data was impacted. The Company's investigation uncovered that the threat actor had gained access to certain areas of the Company's systems on or about December 27, 2022. With the assistance of outside cyber security experts, the Company located and closed the unauthorized access to our systems and identified compromised information, and notified those impacted in accordance with state and federal requirements. The Company undertook a number of other measures to demonstrate our continued support and commitment to data privacy and protection and coordinated with law enforcement.

The Company maintains $3,000 of cybersecurity insurance coverage to limit our exposure to losses such as those related to the Cyber Incident. The Company recorded a benefit of $1 to selling, general, and administrative expenses in the three months ended December 31, 2023 and recorded costs of $110 to other expense (income), net related to loss on insurance recovery in the three months ended December 31, 2022. At December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, the Company recorded $827 and $965, respectively, related to the Cyber Incident in accounts payable on the consolidated condensed balance sheets.

The Company has incurred, and may continue to incur, certain expenses related to this attack, including expenses associated with additional remediation measures. The Company will accrue these costs as incurred.

13.    Related Party Transactions
On December 21, 2023, the Company entered into the Ninth Amendment and Fourth Amendment with its lender incurring a secured subordinated loan from GHI, in the original principal amount of $3,000. GHI is controlled by Mr. Silk, a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and considered a related party. Additionally, Mr. Silk provided a Guaranty in favor of the Lender pursuant to which Mr. Silk guarantees the obligations of borrowers under the Credit Agreement and Export Credit Agreement. As part of the Guaranty and Promissory Note, the Company will pay GHI fees of $760 and $150, respectively, and has paid $30 of legal costs. The Company has accumulated a total of $940 deferred financing costs related to the Guaranty and Subordinated Promissory Note. See Note 7, Debt for further information.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations may contain various forward-looking statements and includes assumptions concerning the Company’s operations, future results and prospects. The words "will," "may," "designed to," "outlook," "believes," "should," "anticipates," "plans," "expects," "intends," "estimates," "forecasts" and similar expressions identify certain of these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and are subject to risk and uncertainties. In connection with the "safe harbor" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, the Company provides this cautionary statement identifying important economic, political and technological factors, among others, the absence or effect of which could cause the actual results or events to differ materially from those set forth in or implied by the forward-looking statements and related assumptions. Such factors include the following: (1) the impact on business conditions in general, and on the demand for product in the aerospace and energy (or "A&E") industries in particular, of the global economic outlook, including the continuation of military spending at or near current levels and the availability of capital and liquidity from banks, the financial markets and other providers of credit; (2) the future business environment, including capital and consumer spending; (3) competitive factors, including the ability to replace business that may be lost at comparable margins; (4) metals and commodities price increases and the Company’s ability to recover such price increases; (5) successful development and market introduction of new products and services; (6) continued reliance on consumer acceptance of regional and business aircraft powered by more fuel efficient turboprop engines; (7) continued reliance on military spending, in general, and/or several major customers, in particular, for revenues; (8) the impact on future contributions to the Company’s defined benefit pension plans due to changes in actuarial assumptions, government regulations and the market value of plan assets; (9) stable governments, business conditions, laws, regulations and taxes in economies where business is conducted; (10) the ability to successfully integrate businesses that may be acquired into the Company’s operations; (11) cyber and other security threats or disruptions faced by us, our customers or our suppliers and other partners; (12) our exposure to additional risks as a result of our international business, including risks related to geopolitical and economic factors, suppliers, laws and regulations; (13) the ability to maintain a qualified workforce; (14) the adequacy and availability of our insurance coverage; (15) our ability to develop new products and technologies and maintain technologies, facilities, and equipment to win new competitions and meet the needs of our customers; (16) our ability to realize amounts in our backlog; (17) investigations, claims, disputes, enforcement actions, litigation and/or other legal proceedings; (18) extraordinary or force majeure events affecting the business or operations of our business (19) the continued long term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related residual negative impact on the global economy, which may exacerbate the above factors and/or impact our results of operations and financial condition; and (20) in connection with its entry into the Ninth Amendment (the "Ninth Amendment") to its Credit Agreement and Fourth Amendment (the "Fourth Amendment") to its Export Credit Agreement, and as a condition to the consummation by the Company’s senior lender of the transactions contemplated thereby: (a) the Company incurred a secured subordinated loan from Garnet Holdings, Inc., a California corporation owned and controlled by Mark J. Silk ("GHI") (Mr. Silk is a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and considered a related party), in the original principal amount of $3.0 million, which subordinated loan is subject to the terms and conditions of an Intercreditor and Subordination Agreement by and among the Company, GHI and the Company’s senior lender; and (b) Mr. Silk executed and delivered a personal guaranty in favor of the Company’s senior lender of certain Company indebtedness under the Credit Agreement and the Export Credit Agreement. The Company is evaluating available financial alternatives, including obtaining acceptable alternative financing. If the Company is unable to restructure existing debt obligations, obtain capital or enter into a strategic alternative transaction which provides sufficient funding for the refinancing of its outstanding indebtedness prior to the maturity date of its obligations by the terms of the Ninth Amendment, the lender under the Credit Agreement may choose to accelerate repayment. The Company cannot provide assurances that it will be successful in restructuring the existing debt obligations, obtaining capital or entering into a strategic alternative transaction which provides sufficient funding for the refinancing of its outstanding indebtedness prior to the maturity date of its obligations under the Credit Agreements.

The Company engages in the production of forgings and machined components primarily for the A&E and commercial space markets. The processes and services provided by the Company include forging, heat-treating, machining, subassembly, and test. The Company operates under one business segment.

The Company endeavors to continue to plan and evaluate its business operations while taking into consideration certain factors including the following: (i) the projected build rate for commercial, business and military aircraft, as well as the engines that power such aircraft; (ii) the projected maintenance, repair and overhaul schedules for commercial, business and military aircraft, as well as the engines that power such aircraft; (iii) the projected build rate and repair for industrial turbines; and (iv) commercial space.

The Company operates within a cost structure that includes a significant fixed component. Therefore, higher net sales volumes are expected to result in greater operating income because such higher volumes allow the business operations to better leverage
17



the fixed component of their respective cost structures. Conversely, the opposite effect is expected to occur at lower net sales and related production volumes.
A. Results of Operations
Overview
The Company produces forged components for (i) turbine engines that power commercial, business and regional aircraft as well as military aircraft and other military applications; (ii) airframe applications for a variety of aircraft; (iii) industrial gas and steam turbine engines for power generation units; and (iv) commercial space, semiconductor and other commercial applications.

Backlog of Orders
SIFCO’s total backlog at December 31, 2023 was $130.1 million, of which $103.6 million are anticipated to be complete within the next 12 months, compared with total backlog of $84.2 million as of December 31, 2023. Orders may be subject to modification or cancellation by the customer with limited charges. Recovery in the A&E markets has resulted in increased bookings. Backlog information may not be indicative of future sales.
Three Months Ended December 31, 2023 compared with Three Months Ended December 31, 2022
Net Sales
Net sales comparative information for the first three months of fiscal 2024 and 2023 is as follows:
(Dollars in millions)Three Months Ended
December 31,
Increase/ (Decrease)
Net Sales20232022
Aerospace components for:
Fixed wing aircraft$9.9 $10.7 $(0.8)
Rotorcraft3.2 4.4 (1.2)
Energy components for power generation units6.2 4.6 1.6 
Commercial product and other revenue1.8 1.6 0.2 
Total$21.1 $21.3 $(0.2)

Net sales for the first three months of fiscal 2024 decreased $0.2 million to $21.1 million, compared with $21.3 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2023. In general, the production of the Company's products have lead times of varying lengths. Fixed wing sales decreased $0.8 million compared with the same period last year primarily due to F18 demand reduction and timing of orders on the 767 and other programs. Rotorcraft sales decreased $1.2 million compared with the same period last year primarily due to V22 demand reduction. The energy components for power generation units increased by $1.6 million due to growth in the steam turbine markets. Commercial products and other revenue were slightly higher compared with the same period last year.

Commercial net sales were 62.9% of total net sales and military net sales were 37.1% of total net sales in the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with 47.8% and 52.2%, respectively, in the comparable period in fiscal 2023. Military net sales decreased by $3.3 million to $7.8 million in the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with $11.1 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2023, primarily due to F18 and V22 demand reduction. Commercial net sales increased $3.0 million to $13.2 million in the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with $10.2 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2023, primarily due to an increase in the power generation steam turbine market and commercial space.

Cost of Goods Sold
Cost of goods sold increased by $0.3 million, or 1.4%, to $20.3 million, or 96.5% of net sales, during the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with $20.0 million or 94.1% of net sales, in the comparable period of fiscal 2023. The increase is primarily due to product mix, higher labor costs of $0.4 million, outside services $0.3 million and $0.1 million of hiring costs as the Company increased production to meet customer demands.

Gross Profit
Gross profit decreased $0.5 million to $0.7 million in the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with $1.3 million gross profit in the comparable period of fiscal 2023. Gross profit percent of sales was 3.5% during the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with 5.9% in the comparable period in fiscal 2023. The decrease in gross profit compared to prior fiscal year
18



was primarily due to product mix, higher labor costs of $0.4 million, outside services $0.3 million and $0.1 million of hiring costs

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses were $3.6 million, or 17.0%, of net sales during the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with $3.3 million, or 15.4%, of net sales in the comparable period of fiscal 2023. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses is primarily due to higher legal costs of $0.2 million related to strategic alternatives and higher salaries and benefits $0.1 million.

Amortization of Intangibles
Amortization of intangibles was $0.1 million in the first three months of fiscal 2024 and fiscal 2023.

Other/General
The following table sets forth the weighted average interest rates and weighted average outstanding balances under the Company’s debt agreement in the first three months of both fiscal 2024 and 2023:

 Weighted Average
Interest Rate
Three Months Ended
December 31,
Weighted Average
Outstanding Balance
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 2023202220232022
Revolving credit agreement7.7 %5.9 %$ 15.6 million$ 11.2 million
Foreign term debt4.3 %3.5 %$ 8.2 million$ 7.3 million
Other debt1.0 %1.7 %$ 0.3 million$ 0.6 million

Income Taxes
The Company’s effective tax rate through the first three months of fiscal 2024 was (1.5)%, compared with (2.6)% for the same period of fiscal 2023. The decrease in the effective rate was primarily attributable to changes in jurisdictional mix of income in fiscal 2024 compared with the same period of fiscal 2023. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. federal statutory rate due primarily to the valuation allowance against the Company’s U.S. deferred tax assets and income in foreign jurisdictions that are taxed at different rates than the U.S. statutory tax rate.

Net Loss
Net loss was $3.4 million during the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with net loss of $2.6 million in the comparable period of fiscal 2023. Increase in net loss is due to higher labor costs, outside services and hiring costs as the Company positions itself for increased demand.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Presented below is certain financial information based on the Company's EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. References to "EBITDA" mean earnings (losses) from continuing operations before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, and references to "Adjusted EBITDA" mean EBITDA plus, as applicable for each relevant period, certain adjustments as set forth in the reconciliations of net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA is a measurement of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP"). The Company presents EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA because management believes that they are useful indicators for evaluating operating performance and liquidity, including the Company’s ability to incur and service debt and it uses EBITDA to evaluate prospective acquisitions. Although the Company uses EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the reasons noted above, the use of these non-GAAP financial measures as analytical tools has limitations. Therefore, reviewers of the Company’s financial information should not consider them in isolation, or as a substitute for analysis of the Company's results of operations as reported in accordance with GAAP. Some of these limitations include:
Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA reflects the interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest payments on indebtedness;
Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA reflects any cash requirements for such replacements;
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The omission of the amortization expense associated with the Company’s intangible assets further limits the usefulness of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA; and
Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA includes the payment of taxes, which is a necessary element of operations.

Because of these limitations, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as measures of discretionary cash available to the Company to invest in the growth of its businesses. Management compensates for these limitations by not viewing EBITDA or Adjusted EBITDA in isolation and specifically by using other GAAP measures, such as net income (loss), net sales, and operating income (loss), to measure operating performance. Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA is a measurement of financial performance under GAAP, and neither should be considered as an alternative to net loss or cash flow from operations determined in accordance with GAAP. The Company’s calculation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to the calculation of similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:
Dollars in thousandsThree Months Ended
 December 31,
 20232022
Net loss$(3,422)$(2,589)
Adjustments:
Depreciation and amortization expense1,562 1,571 
Interest expense, net430 275 
Income tax expense50 66 
EBITDA(1,380)(677)
Adjustments:
Foreign currency exchange loss (gain), net (1)(3)
Other expense, net (2)54 72 
Gain on disposal of assets (3)— (11)
Equity compensation (4)86 122 
LIFO impact (5)293 262 
IT incident costs, net (6)(1)110 
Strategic alternative expense (7)187 — 
Adjusted EBITDA$(757)$(125)

(1)Represents the gain or loss from changes in the exchange rates between the functional currency and the foreign currency in which the transaction is denominated.
(2)Represents miscellaneous non-operating income or expense, such as pension costs or grant income (prior year included $0.1 million in loss on insurance recovery, separately reclassed to IT incident costs, net line).
(3)Represents the difference between the proceeds from the sale of operating equipment and the carrying value shown on the Company's books.
(4)Represents the equity-based compensation expense recognized by the Company under the 2016 Plan due to granting of awards, awards not vesting and/or forfeitures.
(5)Represents the change in the reserve for inventories for which cost is determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method.
(6)Represents incremental information technology costs as it relates to the cybersecurity incident and loss on insurance recovery (prior year balance includes reclassed amount of $0.1 million from footnote two above).
(7)Represents expense related to evaluation of strategic alternatives.

B. Liquidity and Capital Resources
The main sources of liquidity for the Company have been cash flows from operations and borrowings under our Credit Agreement. The Company's liquidity could be negatively affected if the Company is unable to restructure existing debt obligations, obtain capital or enter into a strategic alternative transaction which provides sufficient funding for the refinancing of its outstanding indebtedness prior to the maturity date of its obligations under the Credit Agreements, by customers
20



extending payment terms to the Company and/or the decrease in demand for our products. The Company and management will continue to assess and actively manage liquidity needs. See Note 7, Debt.
Cash and cash equivalents was $3.2 million at December 31, 2023 and $0.4 million at September 30, 2023. At December 31, 2023, the majority of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents were in the possession of its non-U.S. subsidiaries. See Note 7, Debt - Foreign subsidiary borrowings in USD. Distributions from the Company's non-U.S. subsidiaries to the Company may be subject to adverse tax consequences.
Operating Activities
The Company’s operating activities used $2.1 million of cash in the first three months of fiscal 2024, primarily due to net operating loss of $3.4 million partially offset by depreciation and amortization of $1.6 million and change in inventory valuation accounts of $0.4 million and LIFO effect of $0.3 million. The uses of cash from working capital of $1.0 million was primarily due to increase in inventory of $4.0 million, contract asset of $0.9 million and other assets/prepaids of $0.7 million, partially offset by accounts receivable reductions of $2.2 million and increase in accrued liabilities $2.4 million. The increase in inventory is primarily driven by increase in work in process to meet heightened customer demand. The increase in accrued liabilities is primarily driven by increases in deferred revenue of $1.7 million and legal and professional fess.

The Company’s operating activities for the first three months of fiscal 2023 provided $0.3 million of cash, generated primarily by decreases in accounts receivable of $1.6 million and inventory reserves $0.8 million, partially offset by an increase in inventory $1.5 million.

Investing Activities
Cash used for investing activities was $0.5 million in the first three months of fiscal 2024 and fiscal 2023, respectively. Capital commitments as of December 31, 2023 were $0.5 million. The Company anticipates that the remaining total fiscal 2024 capital expenditures will be within the range of $3.5 million to $4.0 million and will relate principally to the further enhancement of production and product offering capabilities and drive operating cost reductions.

Financing Activities
Cash provided by financing activities was $5.5 million in the first three months of fiscal 2024, compared with $0.1 million in the first three months of fiscal 2023.

As discussed in Note 7, Debt, the Company's Maniago location obtained borrowings from two separate lending sources during the first three months of fiscal 2024. The first was a bond for approximately $2.2 million with a seven year term. The proceeds from this loan are shown within cash and cash equivalents on the consolidated condensed balance sheets and will be used for capital investment. A second loan for approximately $1.1 million with a term of eighteen months, will be for working capital purposes, of which only $0.8 million has been received. The Company had $1.2 million of net short-term debt borrowings in the first three months of fiscal 2024 compared with nominal net short-term debt repayments in the first three months of fiscal 2023.
The Company had net repayments to the revolver under the Credit Agreement of $0.2 million in the first three months of fiscal 2024 compared with net borrowings of $0.4 million in the first three months of fiscal 2023. Under the Company's Credit Agreement, the Company is subject to certain customary loan covenants regarding availability. The availability at December 31, 2023 was $5.0 million, which exceeds reserve minimum threshold as of December 31, 2023, as such, no covenant calculations were required.

As noted in Note 7, Debt, on November 8, 2023, the Company entered into the Eighth Amendment to the Credit Agreement with its Lender. The Eighth Amendment, among other things, reduced the Reserves under the Borrowing Base in the Credit Agreement to $1.5 million, or such lesser amount, if any, as may be agreed upon in writing by the Lender in its sole discretion.

As noted in Note 7, Debt, on December 21, 2023, the Company entered into the Ninth Amendment to the Credit Agreement and the Fourth Amendment to the Export Credit Agreement with its lender. The Ninth Amendment amends the Credit Agreement to, among other things, to: (i) reflect the incurrence by borrowers of the Subordinated Loan and the execution and delivery by borrowers, the Lender and Silk (Mr. Silk is a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and considered a related party) of the Subordinated Loan Documents, and the receipt by borrowers of $3.0 million in immediately available funds on the Ninth Amendment Effective Date; (ii) delay the maturity date from December 31, 2023 to October 4, 2024, or any earlier date on which the Revolving Commitment is reduced to zero or otherwise terminated pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement; (iii) reduce the Revolving Commitment to $19.0 million from $23.0 million; (iv) modify the definition of Borrowing Base to mean, at any time, the sum of (a) 85% of Eligible Accounts at such time, plus (b) the lesser of (1) 70% of Eligible Inventory,
21



valued at the lower of cost or market value, determined on a first-in-first-out basis, at such time and (2) the product of 85% multiplied by the NOLV Percentage identified in the most recent inventory appraisal ordered by the Lender multiplied by Eligible Inventory, valued at the lower of cost or market value, determined on a first-in-first-out basis, at such time, minus (c) Reserves of $1.5 million, increasing on the first day of each month by $0.3 million, commencing on May 1, 2024 and continuing until (and including) August 1, 2024, or such lesser amount, if any, as may be agreed upon in writing by the Lender in its sole discretion (which may be by email from the Lender), plus (d) the PP&E Component; (v) modify the Applicable Margin schedule to reflect the following applicable rates: 2.75% (CBFR REVSOFR30), 0.25% (CBFR Spread (CB Floating Rate)), 2.75% (SOFR Spread), and 0.50% (Commitment Fee Rate); and (vi) amend and restate subsection (l) of the Reporting Schedule to require, by the 17th day of every month, the delivery of a rolling 13 week cash flow forecast in form acceptable to Lender, which must include a projected to actual results comparison for the week then ended and on a cumulative basis from the beginning of the cash flow forecast. The Fourth Amendment of the Export Credit Agreement, to, among other things, to: (i) reflect the incurrence by borrowers of the Subordinated Loan and the execution and delivery by borrowers, the Lender and Silk of the Subordinated Loan Documents, and the receipt by borrowers of $3.0 million in immediately available funds on the Ninth Amendment Effective Date; and (ii) delay the maturity date to October 4, 2024, or any earlier date on which the Revolving Commitment is reduced to zero or otherwise terminated pursuant to the terms thereof.

Future cash flows from the Company’s operations may be used to pay down amounts outstanding under the Credit Agreement and its foreign related debts. The Company believes it has adequate cash/liquidity available to finance its operations from the combination of (i) the Company’s expected cash flows from operations and (ii) funds available under the Credit Agreement for its domestic locations. In fiscal year 2024, the Company was able to obtain new financing at its Maniago location to provide Maniago with sufficient liquidity. 

Additionally, the credit and capital markets saw significant volatility during the course of the pandemic. Tightening of the credit market and standards, as well as capital market volatility, could negatively impact our ability to obtain additional debt financing on terms equivalent to our existing Credit Agreement. Capital market uncertainty and volatility, together with the Company’s market capitalization and status as a smaller reporting company, could also negatively impact our ability to obtain equity financing.

C. Recent Accounting Standards
For recent accounting standards adopted and not yet adopted refer to Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Recent Accounting Standards Adopted and Recent Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted for further detail. Additionally, the Company's significant accounting policies and procedures are explained in the Management's Discussion and Analysis section of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2023.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures
As defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), disclosure controls and procedures are controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures include components of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Management of the Company, under the supervision and with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) as of December 31, 2023 (the "Evaluation Date"). Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective, as a result of the continuing existence of the material weakness in the Company's internal controls over financial reporting described in Item 9A of the Company's Annual Report.

The Company is in the process of designing and implementing improved controls to remediate the material weakness that continued to exist as of December 31, 2023.

Remediation Plan for Material Weakness in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Management and the Company's Board of Directors are committed to improving the Company's overall system of internal controls over financial reporting.

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In response to the material weakness identified in our control environment, the Company has made progress in executing our remediation action plan, including the following:

Implemented additional control activities to enhance backup and recovery controls, and increased oversight of information technology systems, with emphasis on endpoint protection and detection as well as monitoring backups.
Further engaged with outside specialist resources to assist with our ongoing assessment of existing policies and procedures.

The actions we are taking are subject to ongoing senior management review as well as oversight by the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. Although we plan to complete this remediation as quickly as possible, we cannot, at this time, estimate how long it will take.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Except for the remediation items described in Item 4 related to prior quarter findings, there have been no changes in the Company's internal controls over financial reporting during the Company's most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal controls over financial reporting.

Part II. Other Information
Items 1, 1A, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are not applicable or the answer to such items is negative; therefore, the items have been omitted and no reference is required in this Quarterly Report.

Item 6. (a) Exhibits
The following exhibits are filed with this report or are incorporated herein by reference to a prior filing in accordance with Rule 12b-32 under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (Asterisk denotes exhibits filed with this report.).
Exhibit
No.
Description
2.1
2.2
3.1
3.2
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
10.1
10.2
23



10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.10
10.11
10.12
10.13
10.14
10.15
10.16
10.17
10.18
10.19
10.20
10.21
10.22
10.23
24



10.24
10.25
10.26
10.27
10.28
10.29
10.30
10.31
10.32
10.33
10.34
14.1
*31.1
*31.2
*32.1
*32.2
*97.1
*101The following financial information from SIFCO Industries, Inc. Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2023 filed with the SEC on February 14, 2024, formatted in XBRL includes: (i) Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations for the fiscal periods ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, (ii) Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income for the fiscal periods ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, (iii) Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, (iv) Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flow for the fiscal periods ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, (iv) Consolidated Condensed Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the periods December 31, 2023 and 2022, and (v) the Notes to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
*104Cover Page Interactive Data File: the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document and are contained with Exhibit 101
25



SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 SIFCO Industries, Inc.
 (Registrant)
Date: February 14, 2024 /s/ Peter W. Knapper
 Peter W. Knapper
 President and Chief Executive Officer
 (Principal Executive Officer)
Date: February 14, 2024 /s/ Thomas R. Kubera
 Thomas R. Kubera
 Chief Financial Officer
 (Principal Financial Officer)
26


Exhibit 31.1
CERTIFICATION
OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
RULE 13A-14(A) / 15D-14(A)
I, Peter W. Knapper, certify that:
1.I have read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of SIFCO Industries, Inc.
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a.designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this quarterly report is being prepared;
b.designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c.evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation;
d.disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a.all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b.any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
Date: February 14, 2024 /s/ Peter W. Knapper
 Peter W. Knapper
 President and Chief Executive Officer


Exhibit 31.2
CERTIFICATION
OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
RULE 13A-14(A) / 15D-14(A)
I, Thomas R. Kubera, certify that:
1.I have read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of SIFCO Industries, Inc.
2.Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a.designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this quarterly report is being prepared;
b.designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c.evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation;
d.disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a.all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b.any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: February 14, 2024 /s/ Thomas R. Kubera
 Thomas R. Kubera
 Chief Financial Officer
 


Exhibit 32.1
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350
In connection with the Quarterly Report of SIFCO Industries, Inc. (“Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2023 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (“Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company certifies pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
(1)The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
(2)The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: February 14, 2024/s/ Peter W. Knapper
Peter W. Knapper
President and Chief Executive Officer

This certification accompanies this Report on Form 10-Q pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and shall not, except to the extent required by such Act, be deemed filed by SIFCO Industries, Inc. for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Such certification will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that SIFCO Industries, Inc. specifically incorporates it by reference.
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to SIFCO Industries, Inc. and will be retained by SIFCO Industries, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.


Exhibit 32.2
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350
In connection with the Quarterly Report of SIFCO Industries, Inc. (“Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2023 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (“Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company certifies pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
(1)The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
(2)The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: February 14, 2024/s/ Thomas R. Kubera
Thomas R. Kubera
Chief Financial Officer
This certification accompanies this Report on Form 10-Q pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and shall not, except to the extent required by such Act, be deemed filed by SIFCO Industries, Inc. for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Such certification will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that SIFCO Industries, Inc. specifically incorporates it by reference.
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to SIFCO Industries, Inc. and will be retained by SIFCO Industries, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

v3.24.0.1
Cover Page
3 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2023
shares
Cover [Abstract]  
Document Type 10-Q
Document Quarterly Report true
Document Period End Date Dec. 31, 2023
Document Transition Report false
Entity File Number 1-5978
Entity Registrant Name SIFCO Industries, Inc
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code OH
Entity Tax Identification Number 34-0553950
Entity Address, Address Line One 970 East 64th Street,
Entity Address, City or Town Cleveland
Entity Address, State or Province OH
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 44103
City Area Code (216)
Local Phone Number 881-8600
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer
Entity Small Business true
Entity Emerging Growth Company false
Entity Shell Company false
Title of 12(b) Security Common Shares
Trading Symbol SIF
Security Exchange Name NYSEAMER
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding (in shares) 6,159,987
Entity Central Index Key 0000090168
Current Fiscal Year End Date --09-30
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2024
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q1
Amendment Flag false
v3.24.0.1
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations - USD ($)
shares in Thousands, $ in Thousands
3 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2023
Dec. 31, 2022
Income Statement [Abstract]    
Net sales $ 21,052 $ 21,299
Cost of goods sold 20,316 20,038
Gross profit 736 1,261
Selling, general and administrative expenses 3,581 3,280
Amortization of intangible assets 40 61
Gain on disposal of operating assets 0 (11)
Operating loss (2,885) (2,069)
Interest expense, net 430 275
Foreign currency exchange loss (gain), net 4 (3)
Other expense, net 53 182
Loss before income tax expense (3,372) (2,523)
Income tax expense 50 66
Net loss $ (3,422) $ (2,589)
Net loss per share    
Basic (in dollars per share) $ (0.57) $ (0.44)
Diluted (in dollars per share) $ (0.57) $ (0.44)
Weighted-average number of common shares (basic) (in shares) 5,956 5,896
Weighted-average number of common shares (diluted) (in shares) 5,956 5,896
v3.24.0.1
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
3 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2023
Dec. 31, 2022
Statement of Comprehensive Income [Abstract]    
Net loss $ (3,422) $ (2,589)
Other comprehensive loss:    
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax 253 342
Retirement plan liability adjustment, net of tax 43 78
Other 0 1
Comprehensive loss $ (3,126) $ (2,168)
v3.24.0.1
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Dec. 31, 2023
Sep. 30, 2023
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 3,236 $ 368
Receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $121 and $242, respectively 18,184 20,196
Contract assets 10,949 10,091
Inventories, net 12,430 8,853
Refundable income taxes 84 84
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 2,692 1,882
Total current assets 47,575 41,474
Property, plant and equipment, net 35,884 36,287
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net 14,152 14,380
Intangible assets, net 248 278
Goodwill 3,493 3,493
Other assets 131 81
Total assets 101,483 95,993
Current liabilities:    
Current maturities of long-term debt 4,085 3,820
Promissory note - related party 3,150 0
Revolver 16,061 16,289
Short-term operating lease liabilities 884 869
Accounts payable 14,832 13,497
Accrued liabilities 8,852 6,477
Total current liabilities 47,864 40,952
Long-term debt, net of current maturities, net of unamortized debt issuance costs 4,393 2,457
Long-term operating lease liabilities, net of short-term 13,799 14,020
Deferred income taxes, net 105 142
Pension liability 3,411 3,417
Other long-term liabilities 664 670
Shareholders’ equity:    
Serial preferred shares, no par value, authorized 1,000 shares; 0 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 0 0
Common shares, par value $1 per share, authorized 10,000 shares; issued and outstanding shares 6,160 at December 31, 2023 and 6,105 at September 30, 2023 6,160 6,105
Additional paid-in capital 11,609 11,626
Retained earnings 19,842 23,264
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (6,364) (6,660)
Total shareholders’ equity 31,247 34,335
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 101,483 $ 95,993