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Quarterly Report (10-q)

Date : 06/03/2019 @ 22h31
Source : Edgar (US Regulatory)
Valeur : Campbell Soup Company (CPB)
Cours : 41.68  0.0 (0.00%) @ 02h00
Campbell Soup Cours Graphique

Quarterly Report (10-q)



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q


QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended
 
 
 
Commission File Number
January 27, 2019
 
 
 
1-3822

LOGOA10.JPG
CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY  
New Jersey
21-0419870
State of Incorporation
I.R.S. Employer Identification No.


1 Campbell Place
Camden, New Jersey 08103-1799
Principal Executive Offices

Telephone Number: (856) 342-4800

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  þ Yes   No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  þ Yes   No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  þ
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer ☐
Smaller reporting company ☐
Emerging growth company ☐
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes  þ No

There were 301,118,002 shares of capital stock outstanding as of February 28, 2019.








TABLE OF CONTENTS




2






PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Statements of Earnings
(unaudited)
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
Net sales
$
2,713

 
$
2,180

 
$
5,407

 
$
4,341

Costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
1,999

 
1,414

 
3,869

 
2,792

Marketing and selling expenses
264

 
228

 
512

 
447

Administrative expenses
180

 
165

 
356

 
314

Research and development expenses
23

 
27

 
50

 
57

Other expenses / (income)
226

 
70

 
230

 
41

Restructuring charges
2

 
33

 
21

 
35

Total costs and expenses
2,694

 
1,937

 
5,038

 
3,686

Earnings before interest and taxes
19

 
243

 
369

 
655

Interest expense
93

 
32

 
187

 
63

Interest income
1

 

 
2

 
1

Earnings (loss) before taxes
(73
)
 
211

 
184

 
593

Taxes on earnings
(14
)
 
(74
)
 
49

 
33

Net earnings (loss)
(59
)
 
285

 
135

 
560

Less: Net earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Campbell Soup Company
$
(59
)
 
$
285

 
$
135

 
$
560

Per Share — Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Campbell Soup Company
$
(.20
)
 
$
.95

 
$
.45

 
$
1.86

Weighted average shares outstanding — basic
301

 
301

 
301

 
301

Per Share — Assuming Dilution
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
$
(.20
)
 
$
.95

 
$
.45

 
$
1.85

Weighted average shares outstanding — assuming dilution
301

 
301

 
302

 
302

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.



3






CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(unaudited)
(millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
January 27, 2019
 
January 28, 2018
 
Pre-tax amount
 
Tax (expense) benefit
 
After-tax amount
 
Pre-tax amount
 
Tax (expense) benefit
 
After-tax amount
Net earnings (loss)
 
 
 
 
$
(59
)
 
 
 
 
 
$
285

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
20

 
$

 
20

 
$
66

 
$

 
66

Cash-flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) arising during the period
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 
2

 
(2
)
 

Reclassification adjustment for (gains) losses included in net earnings

 

 

 
3

 

 
3

Pension and other postretirement benefits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service cost arising during the period

 

 

 
(3
)
 
1

 
(2
)
Reclassification of prior service credit included in net earnings
(7
)
 
1

 
(6
)
 
(6
)
 
2

 
(4
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
$
12

 
$
1

 
13

 
$
62

 
$
1

 
63

Total comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
$
(46
)
 
 
 
 
 
$
348

Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
(1
)
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
 
 
 
$
(46
)
 
 
 
 
 
$
349

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
January 27, 2019
 
January 28, 2018
 
Pre-tax amount
 
Tax (expense) benefit
 
After-tax amount
 
Pre-tax amount
 
Tax (expense) benefit
 
After-tax amount
Net earnings
 
 
 
 
$
135

 
 
 
 
 
$
560

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
(23
)
 
$

 
(23
)
 
$
34

 
$

 
34

Cash-flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) arising during the period
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 
11

 
(4
)
 
7

Reclassification adjustment for (gains) losses included in net earnings
1

 

 
1

 
1

 

 
1

Pension and other postretirement benefits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service credit arising during the period

 

 

 
(3
)
 
1

 
(2
)
Reclassification of prior service credit included in net earnings
(14
)
 
3

 
(11
)
 
(13
)
 
4

 
(9
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
$
(37
)
 
$
3

 
(34
)
 
$
30

 
$
1

 
31

Total comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
$
101

 
 
 
 
 
$
591

Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
(1
)
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
 
 
 
$
101

 
 
 
 
 
$
592

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

4






CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
January 27,
2019
 
July 29,
2018
Current assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
203

 
$
226

Accounts receivable, net
927

 
785

Inventories
1,076

 
1,199

Other current assets
89

 
86

Total current assets
2,295

 
2,296

Plant assets, net of depreciation
3,036

 
3,233

Goodwill
4,721

 
4,580

Other intangible assets, net of amortization
3,752

 
4,196

Other assets ($70 as of 2019 and $77 as of 2018 attributable to variable interest entity)
220

 
224

Total assets
$
14,024

 
$
14,529

Current liabilities
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
$
1,454

 
$
1,896

Payable to suppliers and others
930

 
893

Accrued liabilities
784

 
676

Dividends payable
107

 
107

Accrued income taxes
24

 
22

Total current liabilities
3,299

 
3,594

Long-term debt
8,003

 
7,998

Deferred taxes
904

 
995

Other liabilities
540

 
569

Total liabilities
12,746

 
13,156

Commitments and contingencies

 

Campbell Soup Company shareholders' equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock; authorized 40 shares; none issued

 

Capital stock, $.0375 par value; authorized 560 shares; issued 323 shares
12

 
12

Additional paid-in capital
349

 
349

Earnings retained in the business
2,130

 
2,224

Capital stock in treasury, at cost
(1,079
)
 
(1,103
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(143
)
 
(118
)
Total Campbell Soup Company shareholders' equity
1,269

 
1,364

Noncontrolling interests
9

 
9

Total equity
1,278

 
1,373

Total liabilities and equity
$
14,024

 
$
14,529

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


5


CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
(millions)

 
Six Months Ended
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
135

 
$
560

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to operating cash flow
 
 
 
Impairment charges
360

 
75

Restructuring charges
21

 
35

Stock-based compensation
31

 
32

Noncurrent income taxes

 
52

Pension and postretirement benefit income
(29
)
 
(32
)
Depreciation and amortization
241

 
161

Deferred income taxes
(40
)
 
(106
)
Other, net
18

 
18

Changes in working capital, net of acquisition
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(150
)
 
(113
)
Inventories
122

 
84

Prepaid assets
(2
)
 
(25
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
170

 
(10
)
Net payments of hedging activities
(5
)
 
(31
)
Other
(26
)
 
(40
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
846

 
660

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of plant assets
(198
)
 
(132
)
Purchases of route businesses
(23
)
 

Sales of route businesses
25

 

Businesses acquired, net of cash acquired
(18
)
 
(682
)
Other, net
11

 
(11
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(203
)
 
(825
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
2,831

 
5,052

Short-term repayments
(3,274
)
 
(4,673
)
Long-term repayments

 
(16
)
Dividends paid
(212
)
 
(216
)
Treasury stock purchases

 
(86
)
Payments related to tax withholding for stock-based compensation
(7
)
 
(23
)
Payments of debt issuance costs
(1
)
 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(663
)
 
38

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(3
)
 
4

Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(23
)
 
(123
)
Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of period
226

 
319

Cash and cash equivalents — end of period
$
203

 
$
196

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

6






CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(unaudited)
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
Campbell Soup Company Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Capital Stock
 
Additional Paid-in
Capital
 
Earnings Retained in the
Business
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
 
 
Issued
 
In Treasury
 
 
 
 
 
Total
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at October 29, 2017
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,106
)
 
$
305

 
$
2,555

 
$
(85
)
 
$
8

 
$
1,689

Net earnings (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
285

 
 
 

 
285

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
64

 
(1
)
 
63

Dividends ($.35 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(106
)
 
 
 
 
 
(106
)
Treasury stock purchased
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans
 

 
 

 

 
2

 
16

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18

Balance at January 28, 2018
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,104
)
 
$
321

 
$
2,734

 
$
(21
)
 
$
7

 
$
1,949

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at July 30, 2017
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,066
)
 
$
359

 
$
2,385

 
$
(53
)
 
$
8

 
$
1,645

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
560

 

 

 
560

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 
32

 
(1
)
 
31

Dividends ($.70 per share)

 

 

 

 

 
(211
)
 

 
 
 
(211
)
Treasury stock purchased

 

 
(2
)
 
(86
)
 

 

 

 

 
(86
)
Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans
 
 
 
 
2

 
48

 
(38
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10

Balance at January 28, 2018
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,104
)
 
$
321

 
$
2,734

 
$
(21
)
 
$
7

 
$
1,949

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at October 28, 2018
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,084
)
 
$
339

 
$
2,295

 
$
(156
)
 
$
9

 
$
1,415

Net earnings (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(59
)
 
 
 

 
(59
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13

 

 
13

Dividends ($.35 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(106
)
 
 
 
 
 
(106
)
Treasury stock purchased
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans
 
 
 
 

 
5

 
10

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15

Balance at January 27, 2019
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,079
)
 
$
349

 
$
2,130

 
$
(143
)
 
$
9

 
$
1,278

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at July 29, 2018
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,103
)
 
$
349

 
$
2,224

 
$
(118
)
 
$
9

 
$
1,373

Cumulative effect of changes in accounting principle:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(8
)
 
 
 
 
 
(8
)
Stranded tax effects (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(9
)
 
9

 
 
 

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
135

 

 

 
135

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 
(34
)
 

 
(34
)
Dividends ($.70 per share)

 

 

 

 

 
(212
)
 

 

 
(212
)
Treasury stock purchased

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans


 


 

 
24

 

 


 


 

 
24

Balance at January 27, 2019
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,079
)
 
$
349

 
$
2,130

 
$
(143
)
 
$
9

 
$
1,278

(1) See Note 2 for additional detail.
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

7






Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(currency in millions, except per share amounts)
1.
Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
In this Form 10-Q, unless otherwise stated, the terms "we," "us," "our" and the "company" refer to Campbell Soup Company and its consolidated subsidiaries.
The consolidated financial statements include our accounts and entities in which we maintain a controlling financial interest and a variable interest entity (VIE) for which we are the primary beneficiary. Intercompany transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Certain amounts in prior-year financial statements were reclassified to conform to the current-year presentation. See Note 6.
The financial statements reflect all adjustments which are, in our opinion, necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, financial position, and cash flows for the indicated periods. The accounting policies we used in preparing these financial statements are substantially consistent with those we applied in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 29, 2018, except as described below and in Note 2.
The results for the period are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for other interim periods or the full year. Our fiscal year ends on the Sunday nearest July 31, which is July 28, 2019.
Revenue Recognition  - Our revenues primarily consist of the sale of food and beverage products through our own sales force and/or third-party brokers and distribution partners. Revenues are recognized when our performance obligation has been satisfied and control of the product passes to our customers, which typically occurs when products are delivered or accepted by customers in accordance with terms of agreements. We make shipments promptly after acceptance of orders. Shipping and handling costs incurred to deliver the product are recorded within Cost of products sold. Amounts billed and due from our customers are classified as Accounts receivable in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and require payment on a short-term basis. Revenues are recognized net of provisions for returns, discounts and certain sales promotion expenses, such as feature price discounts, in-store display incentives, cooperative advertising programs, new product introduction fees and coupon redemption costs. These forms of variable consideration are recognized upon sale. The recognition of costs for promotion programs involves the use of judgment related to performance and redemption estimates. Estimates are made based on historical experience and other factors, including expected volume. Historically, the difference between actual experience compared to estimated redemptions and performance has not been significant to the quarterly or annual financial statements. Differences between estimates and actual costs are recognized as a change in estimate in a subsequent period. Revenues are presented on a net basis for arrangements under which suppliers perform certain additional services. See Note 6 for additional information on disaggregation of revenue. In 2019, we adopted revised guidance on the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. See Note 2 for additional information.
2.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued revised guidance on the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. The guidance is designed to create greater comparability for financial statement users across industries and jurisdictions. The guidance also requires enhanced disclosures. The guidance was originally effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016. In July 2015, the FASB decided to delay the effective date of the new revenue guidance by one year to fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Entities were permitted to adopt the new revenue standard early, but not before the original effective date. The guidance permits the use of either a full retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. We completed the review of our arrangements with customers across our businesses, including our practices of offering rebates, refunds, discounts and other price allowances, and trade and consumer promotion programs. As we evaluated our methods of estimating the amount and timing of these various forms of variable consideration, we determined we will accelerate the expense recognition of certain trade and consumer promotion programs under the new guidance. Based on our assessment, the impact is not expected to be material on an annual basis, but will impact quarterly results. We adopted the guidance in the first quarter of 2019 using the modified retrospective method and recorded a cumulative effect adjustment of $8 , net of tax, to decrease the opening balance of Earnings retained in the business, an increase of $10 to Accrued liabilities, an increase of $1 to Accounts payable, a decrease of $2 to Deferred taxes and an increase of $1 to Other assets.

8






The impacts of the changes to our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of January 27, 2019 , as a result of adoption are as follows:
 
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption
 
Increase/(Decrease) Due to Adoption
Accounts receivable, net
 
$
927

 
$
926

 
$
1

Total current assets
 
2,295

 
2,294

 
1

Total assets
 
14,024

 
14,023

 
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payable to suppliers and others
 
$
930

 
$
929

 
$
1

Accrued liabilities
 
784

 
768

 
16

Accrued income taxes
 
24

 
28

 
(4
)
Total current liabilities
 
3,299

 
3,286

 
13

Total liabilities
 
12,746

 
12,733

 
13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Campbell Soup Company shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings retained in the business
 
$
2,130

 
$
2,142

 
$
(12
)
Total Campbell Soup Company shareholders' equity
 
1,269

 
1,281

 
(12
)
Total equity
 
1,278

 
1,290

 
(12
)
Total liabilities and equity
 
14,024

 
14,023

 
1

The impacts of the changes to our Consolidated Statement of Earnings as a result of adoption are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
January 27, 2019
 
January 27, 2019
 
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption
 
Increase/(Decrease) Due to Adoption
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption
 
Increase/(Decrease) Due to Adoption
Net sales
 
$
2,713

 
$
2,702

 
$
11

 
$
5,407

 
$
5,412

 
$
(5
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings before interest and taxes
 
$
19

 
$
8

 
$
11

 
$
369

 
$
374

 
$
(5
)
Earnings (loss) before taxes
 
$
(73
)
 
$
(84
)
 
$
11

 
$
184

 
$
189

 
$
(5
)
Taxes on earnings
 
(14
)
 
(17
)
 
3

 
49

 
50

 
(1
)
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
(59
)
 
$
(67
)
 
$
8

 
$
135

 
$
139

 
$
(4
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per Share — Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Campbell Soup Company (1)
 
$
(.20
)
 
$
(.22
)
 
$
.03

 
$
.45

 
$
.46

 
$
(.01
)
Per Share — Assuming Dilution
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company (1)
 
$
(.20
)
 
$
(.22
)
 
$
.03

 
$
.45

 
$
.46

 
$
(.01
)
_______________________________________
(1)
The sum of individual per share amounts may not add due to rounding.
In January 2016, the FASB issued guidance that amends the recognition and measurement of financial instruments. The changes primarily affect the accounting for equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. Under the new guidance, equity investments in unconsolidated entities that are not accounted for under the equity method will generally be measured at fair value through earnings. When the fair value option has been elected for financial liabilities, changes in fair value due to instrument-specific credit risk will be recognized separately in other comprehensive income. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. In 2019, we adopted the guidance. The adoption did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

9






In August 2016, the FASB issued guidance on the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance must be applied retrospectively to all periods presented but may be applied prospectively if retrospective application would be impracticable. In 2019, we adopted the guidance. The adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In October 2016, the FASB issued guidance on tax accounting for intra-entity asset transfers. Under current guidance, the tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers (intercompany sales) are deferred until the transferred asset is sold to a third party or otherwise recognized. The new guidance requires companies to account for the income tax effects on intercompany transfers of assets other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted in the first interim period of a fiscal year. The modified retrospective approach is required upon adoption, with a cumulative-effect adjustment recorded in retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. In 2019, we adopted the guidance. The adoption did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance that revises the definition of a business to assist entities with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. The guidance requires an entity to evaluate if substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets. If this threshold is met, the set of transferred assets and activities is not a business. If it is not met, the entity then evaluates whether the set meets the requirement that a business include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. Beginning in 2019, we will prospectively apply the guidance to applicable transactions.
In May 2017, the FASB issued guidance that clarifies when changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award must be accounted for as modifications. Under the new guidance, modification accounting is required only if the value, the vesting conditions, or the classification of the award (as equity or liability) changes as a result of the change in terms or conditions. The guidance is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We will apply the guidance in evaluating future changes to terms or conditions of share-based payment awards.
In February 2018, the FASB issued guidance that provides entities an option to reclassify the stranded tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 on items within accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those years. Entities are able to early adopt the guidance in any interim or annual period for which financial statements have not yet been issued and apply it either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 related to items in accumulated other comprehensive income are recognized. We adopted the guidance in the first quarter of 2019, effective on July 30, 2018, and elected not to reclassify prior periods. The adoption resulted in a cumulative effect adjustment of $9 to decrease the opening balance of Earnings retained in the business and a corresponding net decrease to the components of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). See Note 4 for additional information.
Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance that amends accounting for leases. Under the new guidance, a lessee will recognize assets and liabilities for most leases but will recognize expenses similar to current lease accounting. The guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. In July 2018, the FASB issued an adoption approach that allows entities to apply the new guidance at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption without restating prior periods. We are currently compiling an inventory of our lease arrangements in order to determine the impact that the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements. We have selected a lease software solution to facilitate the adoption of the new guidance.
In August 2017, the FASB issued guidance that amends hedge accounting. Under the new guidance, more hedging strategies will be eligible for hedge accounting and the application of hedge accounting is simplified. The new guidance amends presentation and disclosure requirements, and how effectiveness is assessed. In October 2018, the FASB issued guidance which permits an entity to designate the overnight index swap rate based on the Secured Overnight Financing Rate Fed Funds as a benchmark interest rate in a hedge accounting relationship. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance that changes the disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension and postretirement plans. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The guidance is to be applied on a retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that the new guidance will have on our disclosures.
In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance that eliminates, adds, and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those

10






years. Early adoption is permitted. Certain disclosures in the guidance must be applied on a retrospective basis, while others must be applied on a prospective basis. We are currently evaluating the impact that the new guidance will have on our disclosures.
In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance on accounting for implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract. The guidance aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Entities have the option to apply the guidance prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption or retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.
3.
Acquisitions
On March 26, 2018, we completed the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance, Inc. (Snyder's-Lance) for  $50.00 per share. Total consideration was $6,112 , which included the payoff of approximately $1,100 of Snyder's-Lance indebtedness. The acquisition was financed through a single draw 3-year senior unsecured term loan facility and the issuance of senior notes. Snyder's-Lance is a snack food company that manufactures, distributes, markets and sells snack food products in North America and Europe. Its primary brands include  Snyder’s of Hanover  and  Lance , as well as  Kettle Brand , KETTLE, Cape Cod Snack Factory   Pretzel Crisps Pop Secret, Emerald  and  Late July .
The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of identifiable net assets was recorded as $3,006 of goodwill. The goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes. The goodwill was primarily attributable to future growth opportunities, anticipated synergies, and intangible assets that did not qualify for separate recognition. The goodwill is included in the Global Biscuits and Snacks segment.
On December 12, 2017, we completed the acquisition of Pacific Foods of Oregon, LLC (Pacific Foods). The purchase price was $688 . Pacific Foods produces broth, soups, non-dairy beverages and other simple meals. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of identifiable net assets was recorded as $202 of goodwill. The goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. The goodwill was primarily attributable to future growth opportunities, anticipated synergies, and intangible assets that did not qualify for separate recognition. The goodwill is included in the Meals and Beverages segment.
The table below presents the estimated fair value that was allocated to acquired assets and assumed liabilities of Snyder's-Lance. The final valuation process will be completed within the allowable measurement period. In the first quarter ended October 28, 2018, we made measurement period adjustments to reflect facts and circumstances in existence as of the date of acquisition. These adjustments included a $134 decrease to indefinite-lived trademarks, a $52 decrease to customer relationships, a $43 decrease to Deferred taxes and a $140 increase to Goodwill.
 
 
Snyder's-Lance
Cash
 
$
21

Accounts receivable
 
220

Inventories
 
219

Other current assets
 
32

Plant assets
 
696

Goodwill
 
3,006

Other intangible assets
 
2,761

Other assets
 
65

Short-term debt
 
(1
)
Accounts payable
 
(124
)
Accrued liabilities
 
(115
)
Deferred taxes
 
(597
)
Other liabilities
 
(24
)
Noncontrolling interest
 
(47
)
Total assets acquired and liabilities assumed
 
$
6,112


11






The identifiable intangible assets of Snyder's-Lance consist of:
 
 
Type
 
Life in Years
 
Value
Trademarks
 
Non-amortizable
 
Indefinite
 
$
1,997

Customer relationships
 
Amortizable
 
15
to
22
 
756

Other
 
Amortizable
 
1.5
 
8

Total identifiable intangible assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
2,761

For the three- and six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 , the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance contributed $529 and $1,083 to Net sales. The contribution to Net earnings (loss) were losses of $11 and $17 for the three- and six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 , including expenses associated with restructuring charges and cost savings initiatives, as well as interest expense on the debt to finance the acquisition.
For the three- and six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 , the acquisition of Pacific Foods contributed $58 and $127 to Net sales. The contribution to Net earnings (loss) were losses of $6 and $3 for the three- and six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 , including interest expense on the debt to finance the acquisition. For the three-month period ended January 28, 2018, the contribution of the Pacific Foods acquisition to Net sales was $28 . The contribution to Net earnings was not material.
The following unaudited summary information is presented on a consolidated pro forma basis as if the Snyder's-Lance and Pacific Foods acquisitions had occurred on August 1, 2016:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 28,
2018
Net sales
 
$
2,747

 
$
5,555

Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
451

 
$
640

Net earnings per share attributable to Campbell Soup Company - basic
 
$
1.50

 
$
2.13

Net earnings per share attributable to Campbell Soup Company - assuming dilution
 
$
1.50

 
$
2.12

The pro forma amounts include additional interest expense on the debt issued to finance the purchases, amortization and depreciation expense based on the estimated fair value and useful lives of intangible assets and plant assets, and related tax effects. The pro forma results are not necessarily indicative of the combined results had the Snyder's-Lance and Pacific Foods acquisitions been completed on August 1, 2016, nor are they indicative of future combined results. The pro forma results for the three- and six-month periods ended January 28, 2018 do not include certain transaction costs, amortization of the acquisition date fair value adjustment to inventories, or a gain on treasury rate lock contracts, as all of these would be reflected in the six-month period ended January 29, 2017, had the acquisitions occurred on August 1, 2016.
With the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance, we acquired an investment in Yellow Chips Holdings B.V. (Yellow Chips), and accounted for the investment under the equity method of accounting. On October 30, 2018, we purchased the remaining ownership interest in Yellow Chips, and began consolidating the business. The purchase price was $18 . The pro forma results for the three- and six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 and January 28, 2018 were not material.

12






4.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The components of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of the following:
 
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments (1)
 
Gains (Losses) on Cash Flow Hedges (2)
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plan Adjustments (3)
 
Total Accumulated Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance at July 30, 2017
 
$
(84
)
 
$
(22
)
 
$
53

 
$
(53
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
35

 
7

 
(2
)
 
40

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 
1

 
(9
)
 
(8
)
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
 
35

 
8

 
(11
)
 
32

Balance at January 28, 2018
 
$
(49
)
 
$
(14
)
 
$
42

 
$
(21
)
Balance at July 29, 2018
 
$
(154
)
 
$
(4
)
 
$
40

 
$
(118
)
Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle (4)
 
2

 
(3
)
 
10

 
9

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
(23
)
 
(1
)
 

 
(24
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 
1

 
(11
)
 
(10
)
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(23
)
 

 
(11
)
 
(34
)
Balance at January 27, 2019
 
$
(175
)
 
$
(7
)
 
$
39

 
$
(143
)
_____________________________________
(1)  
Included a tax expense of $4 as of January 27, 2019 , and $6 as of July 29, 2018 , January 28, 2018 , and July 30, 2017 .
(2)  
Included a tax benefit of $1 as of January 27, 2019 , $4 as of July 29, 2018 , $8 as of January 28, 2018 , and $12 as of July 30, 2017 .
(3)  
Included a tax expense of $12 as of January 27, 2019 , $25 as of July 29, 2018 , and January 28, 2018 , and $30 as of July 30, 2017 .
(4)  
Reflects the adoption of the FASB guidance on stranded tax effects. See Note 2 for additional information.
Amounts related to noncontrolling interests were not material.
The amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of the following:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Components
 
January 27, 2019
 
January 28, 2018
 
January 27, 2019
 
January 28, 2018
 
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Earnings
(Gains) losses on cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts
 
$

 
$
2

 
$

 
$

 
Cost of products sold
Forward starting interest rate swaps
 

 
1

 
1

 
1

 
Interest expense
Total before tax
 

 
3

 
1

 
1

 
 
Tax expense (benefit)
 

 

 

 

 
 
(Gain) loss, net of tax
 
$

 
$
3

 
$
1

 
$
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pension and postretirement benefit adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service credit
 
$
(7
)
 
$
(6
)
 
$
(14
)
 
$
(13
)
 
Other expenses / (income)
Tax expense (benefit)
 
1

 
2

 
3

 
4

 
 
(Gain) loss, net of tax
 
$
(6
)
 
$
(4
)
 
$
(11
)
 
$
(9
)
 
 

13






5.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill
The following table shows the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by business segment:
 
Meals and Beverages
 
Global
Biscuits
and
Snacks
 
Campbell Fresh (1)
 
Total
Net balance at July 29, 2018
$
978

 
$
3,602

 
$

 
$
4,580

Changes in preliminary purchase price allocation

 
140

 

 
140

Acquisition

 
21

 

 
21

Foreign currency translation adjustment
(1
)
 
(19
)
 

 
(20
)
Net balance at January 27, 2019
$
977

 
$
3,744

 
$

 
$
4,721

_____________________________________
(1)  
The balance of goodwill is reflected net of accumulated impairment charges of $837 as of January 27, 2019 and July 29, 2018, respectively, related to the Bolthouse Farms carrot and carrot ingredients reporting unit, the deli reporting unit, and the Bolthouse Farms refrigerated beverages and salad dressings reporting unit.
During the three-month period ended October 28, 2018, we made changes in the preliminary allocation of the purchase price of the Snyder's-Lance acquisition which resulted in a change in goodwill of $140 in the Global Biscuits and Snacks segment. On October 30, 2018, we acquired the remaining ownership interest in Yellow Chips and began consolidating the business, which resulted in goodwill of $21 . See Note 3 for additional information.
Intangible Assets
The following table sets forth balance sheet information for intangible assets, excluding goodwill, subject to amortization and intangible assets not subject to amortization:
Intangible Assets
 
January 27,
2019
 
July 29,
2018
Amortizable intangible assets
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships
 
$
917

 
$
1,116

Technology
 
10

 
40

Other
 
41

 
43

Total gross amortizable intangible assets
 
$
968

 
$
1,199

Accumulated amortization
 
(87
)
 
(126
)
Total net amortizable intangible assets
 
$
881

 
$
1,073

Non-amortizable intangible assets
 
 
 
 
Trademarks
 
2,871

 
3,123

Total net intangible assets
 
$
3,752

 
$
4,196

Non-amortizable intangible assets consist of trademarks, which include Snyder's of Hanover, Lance, Kettle Brand, Pace, Pacific Foods, Snack Factory, Cape Cod, Pop Secret , Kjeldsens, Plum, and Late July . Other amortizable intangible assets consist of recipes, non-compete agreements, trademarks, patents and distributor relationships.
Amortization of intangible assets was $30 and $8 for six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 and January 28, 2018 , respectively. Amortization expense for the next 5 years is estimated to be $58 in 2019, $50 in 2020 and $49 in 2021 through 2023. Asset useful lives range from 2 to 22 years.
On August 30, 2018, we announced plans to pursue the divestiture of our international biscuits and snacks operating segment and the Campbell Fresh operating segment. As we continue to pursue the divestiture of these businesses, in the second quarter of 2019 we performed interim impairment assessments on the intangible assets within Campbell Fresh, which includes Bolthouse Farms carrot and carrot ingredients, Bolthouse Farms refrigerated beverages and salad dressings and Garden Fresh Gourmet. We revised our future outlook for earnings and cash flows for each of these businesses as the divestiture process progressed and we received initial indications of value. Within Bolthouse Farms carrot and carrot ingredients, we recorded impairment charges of $18 on the trademark, which reduced the carrying value to $30 ; $40 on customer relationships, which reduced the carrying value to $15 ; and $15 on technology, which reduced the carrying value to $10 . Within Bolthouse Farms refrigerated beverages and salad dressings, we recorded impairment charges of $74 on the trademark, which reduced the carrying value to $76 ; and $22 on customer

14






relationships, which reduced the carrying value to $12 . On Garden Fresh Gourmet, we recorded impairment charges of $23 on the trademark and $39 on customer relationships, which eliminated the carrying value of these assets.
The impairment charges were recorded in Other expenses / (income) in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings.
The estimates of future cash flows used in determining the fair value of intangible assets involve significant management judgment and are based upon assumptions about expected future operating performance, economic conditions, market conditions, cost of capital and potential divestitures. Inherent in estimating the future cash flows are uncertainties beyond our control, such as changes in capital markets. The actual cash flows could differ materially from management’s estimates due to changes in any of the assumptions.
6.
Segment Information
Commencing in the third quarter of 2018 with the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance, we formed a new U.S. snacking unit, which combines Snyder's-Lance and Pepperidge Farm, and is an operating segment. As of the third quarter of 2018, we have four operating segments based primarily on product type, and three reportable segments. The U.S. snacking operating segment is aggregated with the international biscuits and snacks operating segment to form the Global Biscuits and Snacks reportable segment. The operating segments are aggregated based on similar economic characteristics, products, production processes, types or classes of customers, distribution methods, and regulatory environment. Our reportable segments are as follows:
Meals and Beverages segment includes the retail and food service businesses in the U.S., Canada and Latin America. The segment includes the following products: Campbell’s condensed and ready-to-serve soups; Swanson broth and stocks; Prego pasta sauces; Pace Mexican sauces; Campbell’s gravies, pasta, beans and dinner sauces; Swanson canned poultry; Plum food and snacks; V8 juices and beverages; Campbell’s tomato juice; and as of December 12, 2017, Pacific broth, soups, non-dairy beverages and other simple meals;
Global Biscuits and Snacks segment represents an aggregation of the following operating segments: U.S. snacks operating segment, which includes Pepperidge Farm cookies, crackers, bakery and frozen products in U.S. retail, and Snyder’s-Lance pretzels, sandwich crackers, potato chips, tortilla chips and other snacking products in the U.S. and Europe; and the international biscuits and snacks operating segment, which includes Arnott’s biscuits in Australia and Asia Pacific, Kelsen cookies globally, and the simple meals and shelf-stable beverages business in Australia and Asia Pacific; and
Campbell Fresh segment includes Bolthouse Farms fresh carrots, carrot ingredients, refrigerated beverages and refrigerated salad dressings; Garden Fresh Gourmet salsa, hummus, dips and tortilla chips; and the U.S. refrigerated soup business.
Through the fourth quarter of 2018, our simple meals and shelf-stable beverage business in Latin America was managed as part of the Global Biscuits and Snacks segment. Beginning in 2019, our business in Latin America is managed as part of the Meals and Beverages segment. Segment results have been adjusted retrospectively to reflect this change.
On August 30, 2018, we announced plans to pursue the divestiture of our international biscuits and snacks operating segment, and the Campbell Fresh segment. The international biscuits and snacks operating segment and the Campbell Fresh segment combined represent approximately $2,100 in net sales in 2018.
We evaluate segment performance before interest, taxes and costs associated with restructuring activities and impairment charges. Unrealized gains and losses on commodity hedging activities are excluded from segment operating earnings and are recorded in Corporate as these open positions represent hedges of future purchases. Upon closing of the contracts, the realized gain or loss is transferred to segment operating earnings, which allows the segments to reflect the economic effects of the hedge without exposure to quarterly volatility of unrealized gains and losses. Only the service cost component of pension and postretirement expense is allocated to segments. All other components of expense, including interest cost, expected return on assets, amortization of prior service credits and recognized actuarial gains and losses are reflected in Corporate and not included in segment operating results. Asset information by segment is not discretely maintained for internal reporting or used in evaluating performance.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Meals and Beverages
 
$
1,230

 
$
1,214

 
$
2,474

 
$
2,453

Global Biscuits and Snacks
 
1,243

 
708

 
2,461

 
1,396

Campbell Fresh
 
239

 
257

 
471

 
491

Corporate
 
1

 
1

 
1

 
1

Total
 
$
2,713

 
$
2,180

 
$
5,407

 
$
4,341


15






 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
Earnings before interest and taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Meals and Beverages
 
$
255

 
$
284

 
$
549

 
$
615

Global Biscuits and Snacks
 
185

 
137

 
339

 
254

Campbell Fresh
 
(14
)
 
(11
)
 
(17
)
 
(17
)
Corporate (1)
 
(405
)
 
(134
)
 
(481
)
 
(162
)
Restructuring charges (2)
 
(2
)
 
(33
)
 
(21
)
 
(35
)
Total
 
$
19

 
$
243

 
$
369

 
$
655

_______________________________________
(1)  
Represents unallocated items. Pension and postretirement benefit mark-to-market adjustments are included in Corporate. There were gains of $14 in the six-month period ended January 28, 2018 . Costs related to cost savings initiatives were $22 and $27 for the three-month periods and $49 and $44 in the six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 , and January 28, 2018 , respectively. Costs of $10 and $12 associated with the planned divestitures were in the three- and six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 . Impairment charges of plant assets and intangible assets were $346 and $360 in the three- and- six-month periods ended January 27, 2019 , respectively. Impairment charges of intangible assets were $75 in the three- and- six-month periods ended January 28, 2018 . See Notes 5 and 13 for additional information. Transaction costs of $24 associated with the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance were in the three- and six-month periods ended January 28, 2018 .
(2)  
See Note 7 for additional information.
Our global net sales based on product categories are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Soup
 
$
815

 
$
814

 
$
1,604

 
$
1,621

Snacks
 
1,225

 
690

 
2,434

 
1,367

Other simple meals
 
423

 
434

 
854

 
869

Beverages
 
249

 
241

 
514

 
483

Other
 
1

 
1

 
1

 
1

Total
 
$
2,713

 
$
2,180

 
$
5,407

 
$
4,341

Soup includes various soup, broths and stock products. Snacks include cookies, pretzels, crackers, biscuits, popcorn, nuts, potato chips, tortilla chips and other salty snacks and baked products. Other simple meals include sauces, carrot products, refrigerated salad dressings, refrigerated salsa, hummus, dips and Plum foods and snacks.
7.
Restructuring Charges and Cost Savings Initiatives
2015 Initiatives and Snyder's-Lance Cost Transformation Program and Integration
In fiscal 2015, we implemented initiatives to reduce costs and to streamline our organizational structure. As part of these initiatives, we commenced a voluntary employee separation program available to certain U.S.-based salaried employees nearing retirement who met age, length-of-service and business unit/function criteria.
In February 2017, we announced that we were expanding these initiatives by further optimizing our supply chain network, primarily in North America, continuing to evolve our operating model to drive efficiencies, and more fully integrating our recent acquisitions. In January 2018, as part of the expanded initiatives, we authorized additional pre-tax costs to improve the operational efficiency of our thermal supply chain network in North America by closing our manufacturing facility in Toronto, Ontario, and to optimize our information technology infrastructure by migrating certain applications to the latest cloud technology platform. In August 2018, we announced that we will continue to streamline our organization, expand our zero-based budgeting efforts and optimize our manufacturing network.
On March 26, 2018, we completed the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance. Prior to the acquisition, in April 2017, Snyder's-Lance launched a cost transformation program following a comprehensive review of its operations with the goal of significantly improving its financial performance. We expect to continue to implement this program and to achieve a majority of the program's targeted savings. In addition, we have identified opportunities for additional cost synergies as we integrate Snyder's-Lance.

16






Cost estimates, as well as timing for certain activities, are continuing to be developed.
A summary of the restructuring charges and charges recorded in Administrative expenses, Cost of products sold, Marketing and selling expenses, and Research and development expenses related to both programs is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 27,
2019
 
January 28,
2018
 
Recognized as of January 27, 2019 (1)
Restructuring charges
$
2

 
$
33

 
$
21

 
$
35

 
$
238

Administrative expenses
10

 
26

 
23