TIDMWATR

RNS Number : 2906O

Water Intelligence PLC

09 June 2022

Water Intelligence plc

Audited Results For Year Ended 31 December 2021

Water Intelligence plc (AIM: WATR.L) ("Water Intelligence", the "Company" or "Group"), a leading multinational provider of precision, minimally-invasive leak detection and remediation solutions for both potable and non-potable water, is pleased to present its full, audited results for the year ended 31 December 2021.

   --      Statutory results higher than previously announced due to $1.9m one-off gain 

-- Adjusted FY results (not including one-time gain) in line with February trading update with revenues +44%, Adjusted EBITDA +48% and EPS +29%

-- Confident in further corporate development through 2022; well placed to navigate inflationary challenges in order to be in line with market expectations for 2022 with a strong Q1 already reported

Overview

During 2021 and the first quarter of 2022, the Group deployed capital that it raised to accelerate delivery of its plan to build a leading multinational growth company for water and wastewater infrastructure solutions. The Group has achieved strong results across various dimensions of the plan: (i) sales growth; (ii) profits; (iii) acquisitions that add scale, organizational control and new product offerings; (iv) significantly increased execution capabilities through hirings ranging from more technicians to senior-level management and board; and (v) multiple equity and debt financings to establish a balance sheet that can sustain our growth trajectory for the long-run.

A strong 2021 reinforced our confidence in our growth plan. Water Intelligence's compounded annual growth rate ("CAGR") from 2016 to 2021 has reached 35% in terms of revenue and 49% in terms of statutory profit before tax ("PBT"). Such statutory PBT growth does not take into account a one-time $1.9 million profit gain recorded in 2021 which would have driven the trailing CAGR significantly higher. Moreover, our critical mass of "network" sales to third-party customers (gross sales by corporate-run locations and indirect gross sales by our franchisees under the same brand from which Group royalty is derived) grew 14% to approximately $147 million (2020: $129 million). This is further reinforced by like for like sales growth of 18% from corporate owned stores. Importantly, Water Intelligence has been able to achieve such results despite the continued impact of Covid-19 on society.

For 2022, the Group is mindful of inflationary pressures that are now layered upon lingering Covid-related challenges. However, we are navigating such marketplace challenges with our greater operating scale and investments made over the last three years to improve efficiency such as Salesforce field force automation software and our proprietary Pulse and LS1 diagnostic tools.

Copies of the Annual Report will be made available to view on the Company's website at www.waterintelligence.co.uk

Highlights from the Group's 2021 Audited Results :

Financial

   --    Revenue growth strong at 44% reaching $54.5 million (2020: $37.9 million) 
   --    Adjusted EBITDA(1) grew 48% to $10.3 million (2020: $7.0 million) 
   --    Statutory EBITDA(2) grew 72% to $11.4 million (2020: $6.7 million) 
   --    Adjusted PBT(3) grew 36% reaching $6.9 million (2020: $5.1 million) 
   --    Statutory PBT(2) grew 80% reaching $7.6 million (2020: $4.2 million) 
   --    Adjusted EPS(4) grew 29% reaching 30.2 cents (2020: 23.5 cents) 
   --    Statutory EPS grew 85% reaching 36.1 cents (2020: 19.5 cents) 
   --    Balance Sheet strong with sufficient resources to execute the Company's growth plan: 

o Cash: $23.8 million (2020: $6.8 million)

o Net of Bank Debt: $15.5 million cash (repayment of Bank Debt spread through 2026) (2020: break-even)

o Net of Bank Debt plus Deferred Payments to Franchisees: $1.8 million cash (repayment of deferred payments spread through 2026)

(1) Does not include one-time gain of $1.9 million but as historically done for comparison purposes adds back "Non-core costs" (one-time costs or non-recurring costs such as legal costs related to transactions)

(2) Includes one-time gain of $1.9 million but does not add back Non-core costs

(3) Does not include one-time gain of $1.9 million but as historically done for comparison purposes adds back non-cash expenses (amortization, share-based payments) and Non-core costs

(4) Does not include one-time gain of $1.9 million but as historically done for comparison purposes adds back non-cash expenses (amortization, share-based payments) and Non-core costs and assumes tax rate on adjustments consistent with statutory tax rate

Corporate Development

   --    8 Acquisitions 

o 5 franchise

o 2 bolt-on (1 UK; 1 US)

o 1 technology (open channel liner)

-- Subsequent Event: (2 franchises acquired; 1 sale of franchise territory YTD 2022)

   --    3 Financings 

o 2 Equity ($23.8 million added)

o 1 Bank Debt ($3.2 million added)

-- Subsequent Event: ($17 million in bank availability added in April 2022)

   --    3 Technology Testings and Implementations 

o Salesforce and related applications

o Pulse (sewer diagnostic)

o LS1 (rapid water surveys)

   --    Corporate Execution:  Added 132 headcount (73 technicians) 

Dr. Patrick DeSouza, Executive Chairman of Water Intelligence, commented:

"Despite Covid-19 disruptions, we delivered across the board in both 2020 and 2021 to deliver on our mission of building a world-class multinational growth company in an important space - water infrastructure.

The marketplace now faces new challenges with inflation and labour retention layered on top of Covid-related issues. We will step forward to meet these latest challenges as well. Our management team has only gotten stronger during 2021 as we added senior leaders and have continued to add technicians to meet strong market demand for our services and products. We deliver important value to our customers - residential, commercial and municipal - with our minimally-invasive technology approach to remediation of failing water infrastructure. It is a worldwide problem that will be with us for a long time. With the support of our investors, we have a strong balance sheet enabling us to navigate confidently in the short, medium and long run."

This announcement contains inside information for the purposes of Article 7 of the UK version of Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 which is part of UK law by virtue of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, as amended ("MAR"). Upon the publication of this announcement via a Regulatory Information Service, this inside information is now considered to be in the public domain.

Enquiries:

 
 Water Intelligence plc 
  Patrick DeSouza, Executive Chairman       Tel: +1 203 654 5426 
 
 WH Ireland Limited - NOMAD & Joint     Tel: +44 (0)20 7220 1666 
  Broker 
  Chris Hardie 
  Ben Good 
 RBC Capital Markets - Joint Broker     Tel: +44 (0)20 7653 4000 
  Jill Li 
  Daniel Saveski 
 Dowgate Capital Ltd - Joint Broker     Tel: +44 (0)20 3903 7715 
  Stephen Norcross 
 

Chairman's Statement

Overview

Despite the challenges of navigating the global marketplace over the last few years, we continue to reaffirm our primary objective, one that has been set forth in the Chairman's Statement for the last decade: to create a leading multinational growth company for water and wastewater infrastructure solutions whose growth is not only strong but sustainable. Global market demand for services and products to preserve our most precious natural resource and to address the reality of aging water infrastructure underpins our mission. We are proud that we were awarded the Green Economy Mark from the London Stock Exchange.

In our 2020 Chairman's Statement, we provided a simple message: full steam ahead for 2021 despite the disruptions caused by Covid. Demonstrated in this year's report and consistent with that message, we produced strong growth in 2021 and reinforced our enviable compounded annual growth rate ("CAGR") from 2016 when we launched our current growth plan. Revenue increased 44% to $54.5 million (2020: $37.9 million). Statutory profit before tax (PBT) increased 80% to $7.6 million (2020: $4.2 million). However, $1.9 million of statutory PBT represented a one-time gain. Not including the one-time gain, statutory PBT grew 35% to $5.7 million (2020: $4.2 million). Meanwhile PBT Adjusted for non-cash costs (amortisation and share-based payments) and non-core costs increased by 36% to $6.9 million (2020: $5.1 million). Not counting our one-time statutory PBT gain, for the span of 2016 -2021 our CAGRs still show revenue growth of 35% and statutory PBT growth of 49%.

For 2022, we have a new set of challenges layered upon the lingering effects of Covid. We are all aware of the inflationary challenges ranging from the conflict in Ukraine to supply chain and inflationary concerns that create market uncertainty. For our business, we face fuel and material prices that have doubled over the course of 1H 2022 as we service our customers to solve their leakage problems. Moreover, we face rising labour costs and retention issues as our technicians and managers themselves need to cope with economy-wide inflation. Tactically, as outlined below, we are responding to these new challenges. Overall, our Chairman's Statement strategic message remains similar to last year's: Full steam ahead but with prudence as we balance rising costs.

We have several operational attributes that enable us to navigate these market-wide challenges better than most. Importantly, global market demand for water infrastructure solutions remains strong as we rise to meet new execution challenges. Second, our core American Leak Detection (ALD) business operates in the United States, and we benefit from earning money in dollars as interest rates rise to cope with inflation and produce a stronger dollar. Third, we have made timely technology investments in making our business more efficient. These investments will help combat inflationary pressures on our costs. Most importantly, this year we are completing our Salesforce (and related applications) implementation to automate many of our business processes and help drive greater productivity by our workforce. Further, we are introducing during Q3 a proprietary new tool for water surveys that should lower labour costs for delivering that municipal offering. We have executed successful field trials in the UK and are now planning similar trials in Australia. In navigating 1Q 2022, our growth trajectory remained firm with revenue increasing by 44% (Q1 2022: $16.5 million vs. Q1 2021: $11.4 million). Our PBT Adjusted still grew by 16% to $2.1 million (Q1 2021: $1.7 million).

As we navigate 2022, we are helped by the fact that we have a critical mass of customers and a matrix of business lines - residential, commercial, municipal, clean water, sewer - that help offset volatility in any one segment. Our overall market presence in 2022 will surpass $150 million in annual network-wide gross sales to customers. Network-wide gross sales is a non-statutory concept that illuminates the actual sales to customers executed under the same brand whether by franchisees or by corporate technicians. Network-wide gross sales includes both indirect sales to our customers by our franchisees from which royalty income to the Group is derived (which is recorded in statutory terms) plus direct sales from corporate operations. To reiterate, both franchisees and corporate locations operate under the same ALD brand and to the customers there is no difference in franchise or corporate execution. This critical mass of sales, across our more than 150 locations spread across the United States and in the UK, Australia and Canada, establishes a solid foundation of customers from which to launch our next stage of growth.

In building from this foundation, despite market-wide challenges, we are well-positioned for the short-run, medium-run and long-run to execute our growth plan. With our strong balance sheet and our ability to generate cash each year, we have the working capital to reinvest in the business for short to medium term projects that reinforce sustainable growth. Over the last six months, we have accelerated investment in human capital; expanding our execution team both in terms of senior management and on-the-ground trained technicians. More broadly, as noted above, over the last five years, we have also made investments in technology products (sewer diagnostic tools, open channel liners, video e-commerce, Salesforce) that will over the next several years expand our business lines and make our business more scalable. Finally, we have also positioned ourselves for the longer-run horizon with two sets of financings during 2021 and Q1 2022. We expanded our institutional equity base during July and November 2021. In parallel, during February 2021 and April 2022, we lowered our cost of capital by blending in low-cost bank debt. Such short-run, medium-run and long-run tactics enable us to meet the marketplace challenges ahead.

Operating KPIs

Water Intelligence Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are explained more fully in the Strategic Report. These KPIs serve to underscore two key dimensions of our overall strategic growth plan. First, we prioritize Network-wide growth in order to establish a strong foundation of market presence. With over 40 years of operations, American Leak Detection (ALD) is a well-developed and highly regarded brand that sells to customers - residential, commercial and municipal - across the United States and in Australia and Canada. ALD represents approximately 90% of the Group's revenue. In 2021 through franchise operated and corporate operated locations, ALD customers purchased services and products amounting to approximately $141 million of gross sales. Our Water Intelligence International (WII) brand added another $6 million in gross sales operating primarily in the UK. In implementing Salesforce, we are creating efficiencies to further grow Network-wide sales.

For 2021, KPIs illuminate the growth of both ALD and WII brands. KPI #1 or ALD royalty income grew 2% to $6.8 million (2020: $6.7 million). This royalty income represents approximately $99 million of Network gross sales (2022: $97 million). ALD and WII corporate sales or KPIs #2, #3 and #4 (respectively franchise related activities such as the Corporate insurance channel; US Corporate direct sales; and International Corporate direct sales) grew 53% to $47.7 million (2020: $31.2 million). Captured by these 4 KPIs, total Network gross sales (ALD and WII) grew 14% to approximately $147 million (2020: $129 million). With 44% WI revenue growth during 1Q, Network sales is on pace to significantly pass $150 million for 2022.

Second, beyond expanding Network sales, we also seek to unlock shareholder value and add profits to the Group's consolidated accounts by selectively reacquiring franchises and then delivering solutions through corporate-run locations more efficiently. Our Salesforce implementation enables us to create corporate regional hubs that will help scale dispatch and scheduling. In executing for the same customers under the ALD brand but as a corporate-run operation, we are bringing a portion of the approximately $99 million of franchise operated sales and associated profits directly onto the Water Intelligence Group (WI) accounts.

As explained more fully in KPI #3, we have unlocked significant value by growing former franchise locations faster both in terms of sales and profits. For comparison purposes, corporate-run locations acquired from franchisees before 1 January 2020 grew 18% to $18.3 million (2020: $15.5 million); profits from those reacquired locations increased 8% to $3.3 million (2020: $3.1 million) even as we reinvested in these new corporate locations after acquisition for future growth. The profit yield of $3.3 million under corporate execution at these locations is significantly higher than the profit yield from the same $18.3 million of sales if executed by a franchisee. Profit to the Group from franchise royalty would be approximately $0.3 million. The difference in yield is even more pronounced when one considers the $31.9 million of sales at all corporate-run locations not just the ones owned prior to 1 January 2020. It should be underscored that despite such selective reacquisitions, our strategic plan is still committed to reinforcing our core franchise business. Not only is the franchise System integral to our firm culture, it also provides monthly recurring income from franchise royalties that enables the Group to optimize its capital base with a prudent amount of bank debt. As noted above, during Q1 2021 and Q1 2022 we have been able to complement institutional equity investment rounds with rounds of low-cost bank debt.

Strategic Direction

Our strategic plan continues to deliver results but we are mindful that we need to be vigilant with respect to market-wide inflationary pressures. We are making the necessary investments both to capture more of market demand for our solutions and to reinforce profitability. We have invested in human capital to retain our highly trained technicians and also to provide incentives to execute more jobs. We have invested in advancing our technology leadership not only in terms of new, more efficient tools but also in automating our business. Our sales footprint in the US, UK, Canada and Australia provide us with a stable base and we will prudently look for opportunities to expand our multinational footprint because aging infrastructure is a world-wide problem. We appreciate our institutional investors and their long-term commitment towards building a world-class multinational growth company despite all of the market challenges.

Patrick DeSouza

Executive Chairman

Director's Report

The Directors present their report on the affairs of Water Intelligence plc (the "Company") and its subsidiaries, referred to as the Group, together with the audited Financial Statements and Independent Auditors' report for the year ended 31 December 2021.

Principal Activities

The Group is a leading provider of minimally-invasive leak detection and remediation services for potable and non-potable water. The Group's strategy is to be a "One-stop Shop" for solutions (including products) for residential, commercial and municipal customers.

Results

The financial performance for the year, including the Group's Statement of Comprehensive Income and the Group's financial position at the end of the year, is shown in the Financial Statements.

2021 was marked by sustained and balanced multinational growth for both ALD and WII. Total revenue grew 44% to $54.5 million and statutory profits before tax grew 80% to $7.6 million when compared with 2020. Profit before tax included a one-time gain of $1.9 million. Holding the one-time gain aside, statutory profit before tax grew 35% to $5.3 million. Again, holding aside the one-time gain, our ALD subsidiary grew revenue 44% to $48.4 million and profit before tax 38% to $5.40 million when compared with 2020. Our WII subsidiary grew revenue 42% to $6.1 million and grew profit before taxes by 1% to $0.32 million. The splits between ALD and WII revenue remained consistent during 2021 when compared with 2020 with approximately 90% of total revenue attributable to ALD and 10% of total sales attributable to WII.

Going Concern

The Directors have prepared a business plan and cash flow forecast for the period to December 2023. The forecast contains certain assumptions about the level of future sales and the level of margins achievable. These assumptions are the Directors' best estimate of the future development of the business. The Group generates increasing levels of cash driven by its profitable and growing US-based business, ALD. The Directors also note that the Group has diversified its operations further with growth in WII. Moreover, after oversubscribed capital raises in July and November 2021 and expansion of its credit facilities in February 2021 and April 2022, the Directors believe that funding will be available on a case-by-case basis for additional initiatives.

Cash at 31 December 2021 increased to $23.8 million (2020: $6.8 million). At 31 December 2021, total debt (borrowings and deferred consideration from franchise acquisitions) was $22 million with amortisation of such amount spread through 2026. Meanwhile, operating cash flows (EBITDA) in 2021 increased by 45% to $10.0 million (2020: $6.9 million). For 2022, the Directors are monitoring inflationary pressures and investments, such as Salesforce.com and related software applications, geared to offset inflation through efficiencies.

The Directors conclude that the Group will have adequate cash resources both to pursue its growth plan and to accelerate execution if it so chooses. The Directors are satisfied that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future and accordingly, continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements.

Research & Development; Commercialization

The Group's focus is currently on reinvestment for commercialization of products not pure R&D. Expenditure on pure research, all of which is undertaken by third parties not related to the Group, was $0 (2020: $3,034). The Group remains committed to anticipate market demands and has spent money on new product development during the year which has been capitalised.

Dividends

The Directors do not recommend the payment of a dividend (2020: $nil).

Share Price

On 31 December 2021, the closing market price of Water Intelligence plc ordinary shares was 1095.0 pence. The highest and lowest prices of these shares during the year to 31 December 2021 were 1340.0 pence and 490.0 pence respectively.

Capital Structure

Details of the authorised and issued share capital are shown in Note 21. No person has any special rights of control over the Company's share capital and all issued shares are fully paid.

Future Developments

Future developments are outlined throughout the Chairman's.

Financial Risk Management

Financial risk management is outlined in the principal risks and uncertainties section of the Strategic Report.

Subsequent Events

On 19 January 2022, the Group announced the reacquisition of its Fort Worth, Texas franchise territory within the Group's ALD franchise business. The Fort Worth operation is fast-growing and expected to accelerate further by adding new service locations in north and west Texas during 2022. Moreover, this reacquisition reinforces the Group's strategy of establishing regional corporate hubs in the US that have scale to fuel growth in nearby corporate and franchise locations. The purchase price of $7.7 million in cash is to be paid over three years. The purchase price is based on 2021 pro forma of $3.6 million in revenue and $1.2 million in profit before tax.

On 3 February 2022, the Group announced the sale of certain territory in rural North Carolina to an existing, fast-growing franchisee of American Leak Detection (ALD). The purchase price for the territory is $90,000, all of which is recognised as revenue at 100% profit margin. It is also expected that the franchise owner will be purchasing additional equipment from ALD to launch service vehicles to develop the territory. Finally, the commercialization of such "greenfield" territory will also add royalty income to the Group's ALD business unit during 2022.

On 7 April 2022, the Group announced the expansion of its acquisition line of credit to include an additional $15 million for further acquisitions of its franchises. As part of the facility, the Group entered into swap arrangements that maintain a fixed interest rate of approximately 5.5% on amounts drawn under the facility and are amortised over a term of five years. The covenants and guarantee requirements for the new facility remain the same all other credit facilities with People's Bank, now operating post-acquisition as part of M&T Bank.

On 12 May 2022, the Group announced the reacquisition of its American Leak Detection Central Texas franchise. The franchise includes the cities of Abilene, Lubbock and Midland which are west of recently launched corporate-operated locations of Fort Worth (via franchise acquisition) and Wichita Falls (greenfield). The purchase price of $0.75 million in cash is based on the franchise's 2021 Statement of Income of $0.65 million in revenue and $0.21 million in profit before tax.

Directors

The Directors who served the Company during the year and up to the date of this document were as follows:

Executive Directors

Patrick DeSouza - Executive Chairman

Laura Hills

Non-Executive Directors

Bobby Knell

Michael Reisman

C. Daniel Ewell (Appointed 8, April 2021)

On 7 June 2021, Laura Hills and Bobby Knell swapped roles as executive and non-executive directors respectively, reflecting their ongoing roles within the Group. The biographical details of the Directors of the Company are set out on the Corporate Governance section of the report and on the Company's website www.waterintelligence.co.uk

Directors' emoluments

 
 2021                             Salary, 
                             Fees & Bonus   Benefits   Redundancy     Total 
------------------------- 
                                        $          $            $         $ 
-------------------------  --------------  ---------  -----------  -------- 
 Executive Directors 
 P DeSouza                        639,381     15,004            -   654,385 
 L Hills                          125,000          -            -   125,000 
-------------------------  --------------  ---------  -----------  -------- 
 Non-Executive Directors 
 D Ewell                           30,000          -            -    30,000 
 B Knell                           40,000          -            -    40,000 
 M Reisman                         40,000          -            -    40,000 
                                  874,381     15,004            -   889,385 
-------------------------  --------------  ---------  -----------  -------- 
 
 
 2020                             Salary, 
                             Fees & Bonus   Benefits   Redundancy     Total 
------------------------- 
                                        $          $            $         $ 
-------------------------  --------------  ---------  -----------  -------- 
 Executive Directors 
 P DeSouza                        581,203     25,312            -   606,515 
 L Hills                           92,458          -            -    92,458 
 Non-Executive Directors 
-------------------------  --------------  ---------  -----------  -------- 
 D Silverstone                     20,500          -            -    20,500 
 B Knell                           60,000          -            -    60,000 
 M Reisman                         20,304          -            -    20,304 
                                  774,465     25,312            -   799,777 
-------------------------  --------------  ---------  -----------  -------- 
 
 

Directors' interests

The Directors who held office at 31 December 2021 and subsequent to year end had the following direct interest in the voting rights of the Company at 31 December 2021 and at the date of this document, excluding the shares held by Plain Sight Systems, Inc.

 
                          Number of shares      % held at 
                            at 31 December    31 December   Number of shares      % held at 
                                      2021           2021     at 8 June 2022    8 June 2022 
 Patrick DeSouza*/**             4,867,110          25.03          4,867,110          25.04 
 Michael Reisman*                  184,126           0.95            184,126           0.95 
 Laura Hills                       116,196           0.60            116,196           0.60 
 Bobby Knell                        27,000           0.14             27,000           0.14 
 Dan Ewell                          30,524           0.16             30,524           0.16 
-------------------------  ---------------  -------------  -----------------  ------------- 
 
 

*Included in the total above, Patrick DeSouza has (i) 180,000 Partly Paid Shares (2016), (ii) 750,000 (March 2018) (iii) 850,000 (May 2019) and (iv) 300,000 Partly Paid Shares (October 2020). These will not be admitted to trading or carry any economic rights until fully paid.

*Patrick DeSouza and Michael Reisman are directors and shareholders in Plain Sight Systems, Inc.

**Patrick DeSouza's interests include 1,965,000 shares held by The Patrick J. DeSouza 2020 Irrevocable Trust U/A Dtd 11/23/2020 and 605,936 shares held in The Patrick J. DeSouza GRAT #1 U/T/A Dtd 11/23/2020

Share option schemes

To provide incentive for the management and key employees of the Group, the Directors award stock options. Details of the current scheme are set out in Note 7.

Substantial Shareholders

As well as the Directors' interests reported above, the following interests of 3.0% and above as at the date of this document were as follows:

 
                                Number of shares  % held 
------------------------------  ----------------  ------ 
Plain Sight Systems, Inc.              2,430,410   12.50 
Canaccord Genuity Group Inc.           2,300,580   11.84 
State Street Nominees Limited          1,291,339    6.64 
George D. Yancopoulos                    880,920    4.53 
Amati AIM VCT                            814,660    4.19 
Herald Investment Trust                  642,526    3.31 
------------------------------  ----------------  ------ 
 

Corporate Responsibility

The Board recognises its employment, environmental and health and safety responsibilities. It devotes appropriate resources towards monitoring and improving compliance with existing standards. An Executive Director has responsibility for these areas at Board level, ensuring that the Group's policies are upheld and providing the necessary resources.

Employees

The Board recognises that the Group's employees are its most important asset.

The Group is committed to achieving equal opportunities and to complying with relevant anti-discrimination legislation. It is established Group policy to offer employees and job applicants the opportunity to benefit from fair employment, without regard to their sex, sexual orientation, marital status, race, religion or belief, age or disability. Employees are encouraged to train and develop their careers.

The Group has continued its policy of informing all employees of matters of concern to them as employees, both in their immediate work situation and in the wider context of the Group's well-being. Communication with employees is effected through the Board, the Group's management briefings structure, formal and informal meetings and through the Group's information systems.

Independent Auditors

Crowe UK LLP has expressed their willingness to continue in office. In accordance with section 489 of the Companies Act 2006, resolutions for their re-appointment and to authorise the Directors to determine the Independent Auditors' remuneration will be proposed at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting.

Statement of disclosure to the Independent Auditor

Each of the persons who are directors at the time when this Directors' report is approved has confirmed that:

-- so far as that Director is aware, there is no relevant audit information of which the Company and the Group's auditor is unaware; and

-- that Director has taken all the steps that ought to have been taken as a director in order to be aware of any relevant audit information and to establish that the Company and the Group's auditor is aware of that information.

By order of the Board

Patrick DeSouza

Executive Chairman

Corporate Governance Statement

As a Board, we believe that practicing good Corporate Governance is essential for building a successful and sustainable business in the long-term interests of all stakeholders. Water Intelligence's shares are listed on AIM, a market operated by the London Stock Exchange.

With effect from September 2018, Water Intelligence has adopted the QCA Corporate Governance Code. The Company has adopted a share dealing code for the Board and employees of the Company which is in conformity with the requirements of Rule 21 of the AIM Rules for Companies. The Company takes steps to ensure compliance by the Board and applicable employees with the terms of such code.

The following sections outline the structures, processes and procedures by which the Board ensures that high standards of corporate governance are maintained throughout the Group.

Further details can be found on our website at www.waterintelligence.co.uk/corporate-Board-and-governance.

Takeovers and Mergers

The Company is subject to The City Code on Takeovers and Mergers.

Board

The Board, chaired by Patrick DeSouza, comprises two executive and three non-executive directors and it oversees and implements the Company's corporate governance program. As Chairman, Dr. DeSouza is responsible for the Company's approach to corporate governance and the application of the principles of the QCA Code. Michael Reisman and Dan Ewell are the Company's independent directors. The Board is supported by two committees: audit and remuneration. The Board does not consider that it is of a size at present to require a separate nominations committee, and all members of the Board are involved in the appointment of new directors.

Each Board member commits sufficient time to fulfil their duties and obligations to the Board and the Company. They are required to attend at least 4 Board meetings annually and join regular Board calls that take place between formal meetings and offer availability for consultation when needed.

Board papers are sent out to all directors in advance of each Board meeting including management accounts and accompanying reports from those responsible.

Meetings held during the period between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2021 and the attendance of directors is summarized below:

 
                    Board meetings        Audit committee       Remuneration committee 
                    Possible (attended)   Possible (attended)   Possible (attended) 
-----------------  --------------------  --------------------  ----------------------- 
 Patrick DeSouza    6/6 
 Bobby Knell        6/6                                         2/2 
 Michael Reisman    6/6                   2/2                   2/2 
 Dan Ewell          6/6                   2/2 
 Laura Hills        6/6 
 
 

Board Committees

The Board has established an Audit Committee and a Remuneration Committee with delegated duties and responsibilities.

(a) Audit Committee

Dan Ewell, Non-Executive Director, is Chairman of the Audit Committee. The other member of the Committee is Michael Reisman. The Audit Committee is responsible for ensuring that the financial performance, position and prospects for the Company are properly monitored, controlled and reported on and for meeting the auditors and reviewing their reports relating to accounts and internal controls.

(b) Remuneration Committee

Michael Reisman, Non-Executive Director, is Chairman of the Remuneration Committee. The other member of the Committee is Bobby Knell. The Remuneration Committee is responsible for reviewing performance of Executive Directors and determining the remuneration and basis of service agreement with due regard for the Combined Code. The Remuneration Committee also determines the payment of any bonuses to Executive Directors and the grant of options.

The Company has adopted and operates a share dealing code for directors and senior employees on the same terms as the Model Code appended to the Listing Rules of the UKLA.

Board Experience

All five members of the Board bring complementary skill sets to the Board. One director is female and four are male. The Board believes that its blend of relevant experience, skills and personal qualities and capabilities is sufficient to enable it to successfully execute its strategy. In addition, the Board receives regular updates from, amongst others, its nominated adviser, legal counsel and company secretary in relation to key rule changes and corporate governance requirements, as well as regular liaison with audit firms both in the UK and the US in respect of key disclosure and accounting requirements for the Group, especially as accounting standards evolve. In addition, each new director appointment is required to receive AIM rule training from the Company's nominated adviser at the time of their appointment.

Patrick J. DeSouza, Executive Chairman

Term of office: Appointed as Executive Chairman in July 2010.

Background and suitability for the role: Dr. DeSouza has been Chairman of American Leak Detection since 2006 and Executive Chairman since its reverse merger to create Water Intelligence plc in 2010. He has 25 years of operating and advisory leadership experience with both public and private companies in the defence, software/Internet and asset management industries. Over the course of his career, Dr. DeSouza has had significant experience in corporate finance and cross-border mergers and acquisition transactions. He has practised corporate and securities law as a member of the New York and California bars. Dr. DeSouza has also worked at the White House as Director for Inter-American Affairs on the National Security Council. He is the author of Economic Strategy and National Security (2000)l. He is a graduate of Columbia College, the Yale Law School and Stanford Graduate School.

Laura Hills, Executive Director

Term of office: Appointed 7 June 2021, having previously been a non-executive director since 6 February 2018.

Background and suitability for the role: Laura has more than 30 years' experience as a legal professional, having spent 10 years working for Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), where she served as Associate General for the agency's finance program, supervising a team of lawyers on all finance transactions ranging from micro-lending and small business to multi-creditor infrastructure project financing in emerging market countries. In 2002, Ms. Hills founded Hills, Stern & Morley LLP, an emerging markets legal firm based in Washington D.C. Laura sits on the Board of the Gerald Ford Presidential Foundation. Laura brings considerable expertise in negotiating on infrastructure and renewables related transactions globally. Moreover, Ms. Hills experience with non-profits assists the Board in fulfilling its responsibility to advance the mission of Water Intelligence to support underserved communities globally. Laura holds undergraduate, graduate and law degrees from Stanford University.

Bobby Knell, Non-Executive Director

Term of office: Appointed 7 June 2021, having previously been an executive director since 17 January 2019.

Background and suitability for the role: The ALD franchise business is central to the operations and value proposition of Water Intelligence. Bobby has served as a managing director at Water Intelligence responsible for franchise relations for the last four years. Prior to this role, Bobby founded and grew the Dallas franchise of American Leak Detection into a multi-million dollar operation, an operation now run by his son. His appointment furthers the alignment of strategy and interests between corporate operations and the core American Leak Detection franchise business.

Michael Reisman, Independent Non-executive Director

Term of office: Appointed as a non-executive director on 30 July 2010.

Background and suitability for the role: Professor Reisman currently serves as Myres S. McDougal Professor of International Law at the Yale Law School, where he has been on the faculty since 1965 and has previously been a visiting professor in Tokyo, Berlin, Basel, Paris, Geneva and Hong Kong Professor Reisman is the President of the Arbitration Tribunal of the Bank for International Settlements and a member of the Advisory Committee on International Law of the Department of State. He has served as arbitrator and counsel in many international cases. He was also President of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States. Because of his international legal experience and the growing multinational character of the Company, Professor Reisman leads matters of governance, corporate responsibility and remuneration. He is a graduate of Yale Law School.

C. Daniel Ewell, Independent Non-executive Director

Term of office: Appointed as a non-executive director on 8 April 2021

Background and suitability for the role: Dan Ewell is currently a Senior Advisor at Morgan Stanley, where he has worked as an investment banker for over 33 years. Prior to assuming his current role, Mr. Ewell served as Vice Chairman and Head of Western Region Investment Banking for Morgan Stanley. Dan has extensive experience in advising companies and helping them grow through capital raising and strategic transactions. His experience spans a range of sectors including consumer/retails, industrial, healthcare and media/technology, and included companies with franchised business models. As the Group continues to scale its operations internationally, it has a need to broaden its institutional and strategic activity in capital markets. Mr. Ewell brings considerable expertise in this area. He is a graduate of University of California, Berkeley, Yale Law School and Yale School of Management.

The Group has a non-Board Chief Financial Officer, Pat Lamarco, who attends all Board meetings and reports regularly to the Board and assists in the preparation of Board materials and in reviewing the budget and ongoing performance. Mr. Lamarco has significant tax and audit experience. Mr. Lamarco was formerly a partner with RSM, a global accounting firm.

The Company Secretary is responsible for ensuring that Board procedures are followed and that all applicable rules and regulations are complied with. Adrian Hargrave currently performs the role of Company Secretary, providing an advisory role to the Board. The Company Secretary is supported and guided in this role by the Company's legal advisors.

The Directors have access to the Company's CFO, NOMAD, Company Secretary, lawyers and auditors as and when required and are able to obtain advice from other external bodies when necessary.

Board Performance and Effectiveness

The performance and effectiveness of the Board, its committees and individual Directors is reviewed by the Chairman and the Board an ongoing basis. Training is available should a Director request it, or if the Chairman feels it is necessary. The performance of the Board is measured by the Chairman and Michael Reisman, one of the non-executive directors, with reference to the Company's achievement of its strategic goals.

Risk Management

The Directors recognise their responsibility for the Group's system of internal control and have established systems to ensure that an appropriate and reasonable level of oversight and control is provided. The Group's systems of internal control are designed to help the Group meet its business objectives by appropriately managing, rather than eliminating, the risks to those objectives. The controls can only provide reasonable, not absolute, assurance against material misstatement or loss.

The Executive Chairman with the assistance of the Company Secretary and the Chief Financial Officer manages a risk register for the Group that identifies key risks in the areas of corporate strategy, financial, clients, staff, environmental and the investment community. The Governance Committee of the Board are provided with a copy of the register. The register is reviewed periodically and is updated as and when necessary.

Within the scope of the annual audit, specific financial risks are also evaluated in detail, including in relation to foreign currency, interest rates, debt covenants, taxation and liquidity.

The annual budget is reviewed and approved by the Board. Financial results, with comparisons to budget and latest forecasts are reported on a monthly basis to the Board together with a report on operational achievements, objectives and issues encountered. Significant variances from plan are discussed at Board meetings and actions set in place to address them.

Approval levels for authorisation of expenditure are at set levels throughout the management structure with any expenditure in excess of pre-defined levels requiring approval from the Executive Chairman and the Chief Financial Officer.

Measures continue to be taken to review and embed internal controls and risk management procedures into the business processes of the organisation and to deal with areas of improvement which come to the management's and the Board's attention. We expect the internal controls for the business to change as the business expands both geographically and in terms of product development.

The Company's auditors are encouraged to raise comments on internal control in their management letter following their audit, and the points raised and actions arising are monitored through to completion by the Audit Committee.

Corporate Culture

Corporate Responsibility

The Board recognises its employment, environmental and health and safety responsibilities. It devotes appropriate resources towards monitoring and improving compliance with existing standards. There is a professional Human Resources Director. Laura Hills is responsible at the Board level. The Human Resources Director reports directly to Ms. Hills. Laura Hills ensures that the Group's policies are upheld and providing the necessary resources. All members of the Board have significant experience in matters of public policy.

Employees

The Board recognises that the Group's employees are its most important asset.

The Group is committed to achieving equal opportunities and to complying with relevant anti-discrimination legislation. It is established Group policy to offer employees and job applicants the opportunity to benefit from fair employment, without regard to their sex, sexual orientation, marital status, race, religion or belief, age or disability. Employees are encouraged to train and develop their careers. The Group has an employee handbook that is provided to all employees upon starting their employment within the Group.

The Group has continued its policy of informing all employees of matters of concern to them as employees, both in their immediate work situation and in the wider context of the Group's well-being.

In addition, all directors and senior employees are required to abide by the Group's share dealing code, which was updated in 2016 to reflect changes made to legislation following the introduction of the Market Abuse Regulation.

Audit Committee Annual Review

The role of the Audit Committee is to monitor the quality of internal controls and check that the financial performance of the Group is properly assessed and reported on. It receives and reviews reports from the Chief Financial Officer, other members of management and external auditors relating to the interim and annual accounts and the accounting and internal control systems in use throughout the Group. The members of the Audit Committee are Dan Ewell (Chairman) and Michael Reisman.

The Executive Chairman and Chief Financial Officer are invited to attend parts of meetings, with other senior financial managers required to attend when necessary. The external auditors attend meetings to discuss the planning and conclusions of their work and meet with the members of the Committee. The Committee is able to call for information from management and consults with the external auditors directly as required.

The objectivity and independence of the external auditors is safeguarded by reviewing the auditors' formal declarations, monitoring relationships between key audit staff and the Company and tracking the level of non-audit fees payable to the auditors.

The Committee met twice during the year, to review the 2020 annual accounts and the interim accounts to 30 June 2021. The Committee reviewed with the independent auditor its judgements as to the acceptability of the Company's accounting principles.

In particular, the Committee discussed the application of the new accounting standard, IFRS16. The Committee reviewed and discussed the auditor's comments on improvements which could be made to the internal controls. In addition, the Committee monitors the auditor firm's independence from Company management and the Company.

Remuneration Committee Annual Review

The Remuneration Committee convenes not less than once a year and during the year it met on two occasions. The Committee comprises Michael Reisman and Bobby Knell, with Michael Reisman as Chairman. The Remuneration Committee is responsible for reviewing the performance of Executive Directors and determining the remuneration and basis of service agreement. The Remuneration Committee also determines the payment of any bonuses to Executive Directors and the grant of options. Where appropriate the Committee consults the Executive Chairman regarding its proposals. No Director plays a part in any discussion regarding his or her own remuneration.

Relations with Shareholders

The Company is available to hold meetings with its shareholders to discuss objectives and to keep them updated on the Company's strategy, Board membership and management.

The Board also welcome shareholders' enquiries, which may be sent via the Company's website www.waterintelligence.co.uk .

Statement of Directors' Responsibilities

Directors' Responsibilities

The Directors are responsible for preparing the Annual Report and the Financial Statements in accordance with the Companies Act 2006 and for being satisfied that the Financial Statements give a true and fair view. The Directors are also responsible for preparing the Financial Statements in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standards.

Company law requires the Directors to prepare Financial Statements for each financial period which give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company and the Group and of the profit or loss of the Company and the Group for that period. In preparing those Financial Statements, the Directors are required to:

   --     select suitable accounting policies and then apply them consistently; 
   --     make judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; 

-- state whether applicable accounting standards have been followed, subject to any material departures disclosed and explained in the Financial Statements; and

-- prepare the Financial Statements on the going concern basis unless it is inappropriate to presume that the Company and the Group will continue in business.

The Directors confirm that they have complied with the above requirements in preparing the Financial Statements. The Directors are responsible for keeping adequate accounting records that are sufficient to show and explain the Company's transactions, disclose with reasonable accuracy at any time the financial position of the Company and the Group, and to enable them to ensure that the Financial Statements comply with the Companies Act 2006.

They are also responsible for safeguarding the assets of the Company and hence for taking reasonable steps for the prevention and detection of fraud and other irregularities.

Website publication

The Directors are responsible for ensuring the Annual Report and Financial Statements are made available on a website. Financial Statements are published on the Group's website ( www.waterintelligence.co.uk ) in accordance with legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of Financial Statements, which may vary from legislation in other jurisdictions. The maintenance and integrity of the Group's website is the responsibility of the Directors. The Directors' responsibility also extends to the ongoing integrity of the Financial Statements contained there.

Independent Auditors' report to the members of Water Intelligence plc

Opinion

We have audited the financial statements of Water Intelligence plc (the "Parent Company") and its subsidiaries (the "Group") for the year ended 31 December 2021, which comprise:

   --      the Group statement of comprehensive income for the year ended 31 December 2021; 
   --      the Group and parent company statements of financial position as at 31 December 2021; 
   --      the Group and parent company statements of changes in equity for the year then ended; 
   --      the Group and parent company statements of cash flows for the year then ended; and 

-- the notes to the financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.

The financial reporting framework that has been applied in the preparation of the financial statements is applicable law and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as adopted by the European Union and, as regards the parent company financial statements, as applied in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act 2006.

In our opinion:

-- the financial statements give a true and fair view of the state of the Group's and of the Parent Company's affairs as at 31 December 2021 and of the Group's profit for the year then ended;

-- the group financial statements have been properly prepared in accordance with IFRSs as adopted by the European Union ;

-- the parent company financial statements have been properly prepared in accordance with IFRSs as adopted by the European Union and as applied in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act 2006; and

-- the financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006.

Basis for opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) (ISAs (UK)) and applicable law. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the Group in accordance with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the financial statements in the UK, including the FRC's Ethical Standard, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Conclusions relating to going concern

In auditing the financial statements, we have concluded that the director's use of the going concern basis of accounting in the preparation of the financial statements is appropriate. Our evaluation of the directors assessment of the group and the company's ability to continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting included the following:

-- reviewed and challenged management's going concern assessment and assumptions used covering a minimum of 12 months from the date of approval of these financial statements;

   --      tested mathematical accuracy of the models used by management in their assessment; 

-- discussed with management and evaluated their assessment of the group and the company's liquidity requirement; and

-- assessed the reasonableness of management's budget/forecasts, including comparison to actual results achieved in the year and the evaluation of downside sensitivities.

Based on the work we have performed, we have not identified any material uncertainties relating to events or conditions that, individually or collectively, may cast significant doubt on the group and the parent company's ability to continue as a going concern for a period of at least twelve months from when the financial statements are authorised for issue.

Our responsibilities and the responsibilities of the directors with respect to going concern are described on the relevant sections of this report.

Overview of our audit approach

Materiality

In planning and performing our audit we applied the concept of materiality. An item is considered material if it could reasonably be expected to change the economic decisions of a user of the financial statements. We used the concept of materiality to both focus our testing and to evaluate the impact of misstatements identified.

Based on our professional judgement, we determined overall materiality for the Group financial statements as a whole to be $398,000 (2020: $321, 000) based on a measure of 8% of profit before taxation using the financial information obtained during our planning procedures. We use a different level of materiality ('performance materiality') to determine the extent of our testing for the audit of the financial statements. Performance materiality was initially set at $200,000 based on the overall audit materiality and is adjusted for the judgements made as to the entity risk and our evaluation of the specific risk of each audit area having regard to the internal control environment.

Where considered appropriate performance materiality may be reduced to a lower level, such as, for related party transactions and directors' remuneration.

We agreed with management to report all identified errors in excess of $5,000. Errors below that threshold would also be reported to it if, in our opinion as auditor, disclosure was required on qualitative grounds.

Overview of the scope of our audit

The Group and its UK subsidiaries are accounted for from a location in the UK, whilst its material US subsidiaries and Australian subsidiary are accounted for from the US. Our audit was conducted from the main operating location in the UK and component auditors were used to perform the audit work in the US. We have planned, controlled and directed the group audit under our direction. Due to restrictions earlier in the year around travel, we have remotely reviewed the US work to carry out our review of component auditor working papers and have met with group and local management virtually.

Key Audit Matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period and include the most significant assessed risks of material misstatement (whether or not due to fraud) that we identified. These matters included those which had the greatest effect on: the overall audit strategy, the allocation of resources in the audit; and directing the efforts of the engagement team. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

This is not a complete list of all risks identified by our audit.

 
 Key audit matter                    How the scope of our audit addressed 
                                      the key audit matter 
==================================  ============================================================ 
 Revenue recognition                 Our audit procedures consisted of: 
  Revenue is recognised               Validating that revenue is recognised 
  in accordance with the              in accordance with the accounting 
  accounting policy set               policies for appropriateness in accordance 
  out in the financial statements.    with International Financial Reporting 
  The group has a number              Standard 15 'Revenue from Contract 
  of different revenue streams,       with Customers' and performed audit 
  some of which contain               procedures to provide evidence that 
  judgements, particularly            revenue was accounted for in accordance 
  in recognising when a               with the policy. 
  purchase order has been             Testing a sample of revenue transaction 
  satisfied and have passed           across the operating companies of 
  to the buyer. This is               the Group to ensure through testing 
  determined with reference           an appropriate sample of income from 
  to the underlying contract          each revenue stream by agreeing amounts 
  with the purchaser and              to contracted amounts, cash receipt 
  the nature of the service           and/or when a purchase order has 
  provided.                           been satisfied. 
                                      Assessing the appropriateness of 
                                      the related disclosures in the financial 
                                      statements. 
==================================  ============================================================ 
 Impairment of intangible            We reviewed management's assessment 
  assets                              of the carrying value of the group's 
  The carrying value of               intangible assets. In considering 
  intangible assets relates           this assessment, we evaluated: 
  to trademarks, franchisor            *    The discounted cash-flow forecasts for the group and 
  activities, goodwill on                   the relevant cash generating units. This assessment 
  acquisitions and owned                    included consideration of the key assumptions, which 
  stores goodwill and indefinite            principally included discount rate and growth rates. 
  life intangible assets. 
  There is a risk that the 
  carrying value could be              *    We have checked the arithmetic accuracy of the 
  impaired as a result of                   forecast. 
  reduced activity. Any 
  significant future downturn 
  in performance or activity           *    Board minutes, budgets and other operational plans 
  could also result in an 
  impairment of these assets. 
                                       *    Discussion with management over plans and intentions 
                                            for the group. 
==================================  ============================================================ 
 

Our audit procedures in relation to these matters were designed in the context of our audit opinion as a whole. They were not designed to enable us to express an opinion on these matters individually and we express no such opinion.

Other information

The directors are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the information included in the annual report, other than the financial statements and our auditor's report thereon. Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and, except to the extent otherwise explicitly stated in our report, we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If we identify such material inconsistencies or apparent material misstatements, we are required to determine whether there is a material misstatement in the financial statements or a material misstatement of the other information. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.

We have nothing to report in this regard.

Opinion on other matter prescribed by the Companies Act 2006

In our opinion based on the work undertaken in the course of our audit

-- the information given in the strategic report and the directors' report for the financial year for which the financial statements are prepared is consistent with the financial statements; and

-- the strategic report and the directors' report have been prepared in accordance with applicable legal requirements.

Matters on which we are required to report by exception

In light of the knowledge and understanding of the group and the parent company and their environment obtained in the course of the audit, we have not identified material misstatements in the strategic report or the directors' report.

We have nothing to report in respect of the following matters where the Companies Act 2006 requires us to report to you if, in our opinion:

-- adequate accounting records have not been kept by the parent company, or returns adequate for our audit have not been received from branches not visited by us; or

-- the parent company financial statements are not in agreement with the accounting records and returns; or

   --      certain disclosures of directors' remuneration specified by law are not made; or 
   --      we have not received all the information and explanations we require for our audit. 

Responsibilities of the directors for the financial statements

As explained more fully in the directors' responsibilities statement, the directors are responsible for the preparation of the financial statements and for being satisfied that they give a true and fair view, and for such internal control as the directors determine is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the financial statements, the directors are responsible for assessing the group's and parent company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the directors either intend to liquidate the group or the parent company or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so.

Auditor's responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISAs (UK) will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.

A further description of our responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements is located on the Financial Reporting Council's website at: www.frc.org.uk/auditorsresponsibilities. This description forms part of our auditor's report.

Extent to which the audit is capable of detecting irregularities, including fraud

Irregularities, including fraud, are instances of non-compliance with laws and regulations. We design procedures in line with our responsibilities, outlined above, to detect material misstatements in respect of irregularities, including fraud. The extent to which our procedures are capable of detecting irregularities, including fraud is detailed below: We design our procedures so as to obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence that the financial statements are not materially misstated due to non-compliance with laws and regulations or due to fraud or error.

We obtained an understanding of the legal and regulatory frameworks within which the company operates, including the US tax legislations focusing on those laws and regulations that have a direct effect on the determination of material amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The laws and regulations we considered in this context were the Companies Act 2006 and Taxation legislation.

We are not responsible for preventing non-compliance and cannot be expected to detect non-compliance with all laws and regulations - this responsibility lies with management with the oversight of the Directors.

Based on our understanding of the Group and the Company and industry, discussions with management and directors we identified financial reporting standards and Companies Act 2006 as having a direct effect on the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements.

As part of the engagement team discussion about how and where the Company's financial statements may be materially misstated due to fraud, we did not identify any areas with an increased risk of fraud.

We identified the greatest risk of material impact on the financial statements from irregularities, including fraud, to be the override of controls by management and revenue recognition.

Our audit procedures included:

-- completing a risk-assessment process during our planning for this audit that specifically considered the risk of fraud;

-- enquiry of management about the Company's policies, procedures and related controls regarding compliance with laws and regulations and if there are any known instances of non-compliance;

   --      examining supporting documents for all material balances, transactions and disclosures; 
   --      review, where applicable, of the Board of Directors' minutes; 

-- enquiry of management, about litigations and claims and inspection of relevant correspondence

   --      analytical procedures to identify any unusual or unexpected relationships; 

-- specific audit testing on and review of areas that could be subject to management override of controls and potential bias, most notably around the key judgments and estimates, including the carrying value of accruals, provisions, recoverability of trade debtors and revenue recognition;

-- considering management override of controls outside of the normal operating cycles including testing the appropriateness of journal entries recorded in the general ledger and other adjustments made in the preparation of the financial statements including evaluating the business rationale of significant transactions, outside the normal course of business;

Owing to the inherent limitations of an audit, there is an unavoidable risk that we may not have detected some material misstatements in the financial statements, even though we have properly planned and performed our audit in accordance with auditing standards. We are not responsible for preventing non-compliance and cannot be expected to detect non-compliance with all laws and regulations.

These inherent limitations are particularly significant in the case of misstatement resulting from fraud as this may involve sophisticated schemes designed to avoid detection, including deliberate failure to record transactions, collusion or the provision of intentional misrepresentations.

Use of our report

This report is made solely to the company's members, as a body, in accordance with Chapter 3 of Part 16 of the Companies Act 2006. Our audit work has been undertaken so that we might state to the company's members those matters we are required to state to them in an auditor's report and for no other purpose. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the company and the company's members as a body, for our audit work, for this report, or for the opinions we have formed.

John Glasby (Senior Statutory Auditor)

for and on behalf of

Crowe U.K. LLP

Statutory Auditor

55 Ludgate Hill

London

EC4M 7JW

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income for the year ended 31 December 2021

 
                                                           Year ended       Year ended 
                                                          31 December      31 December 
                                                                 2021             2020 
                                               Notes                $                $ 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
Revenue                                         4          54,543,408       37,933,896 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
Cost of sales                                             (8,964,486)      (8,830,250) 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
Gross profit                                               45,578,922       29,103,646 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
Administrative expenses 
- Other Income                                                 69,484           93,066 
- Share-based payments                          7           (442,708)        (233,584) 
- Amortisation of intangibles                   13          (470,226)        (524,017) 
- Other administrative costs                             (38,131,195)     (23,879,139) 
                                                                    )                ) 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
Total administrative expenses                            (38,974,645)     (24,543,674) 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
Operating profit                                            6,604,277        4,559,972 
PPP loan forgiveness                            23          1,869,800                - 
Finance income                                  8              51,092           88,753 
Finance expense                                 9           (969,130)        (445,351) 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
Profit before tax                                           7,556,039        4,203,374 
Taxation expense                                10        (1,641,350)      (1,273,319) 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
Profit for the year                                         5,914,689        2,930,055 
Attributable to: 
Equity holders of the parent                                5,764,952        2,892,974 
Non-controlling interests                                     149,737           37,081 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
                                                            5,914,689        2,930,055 
Other Comprehensive Income 
Exchange differences arising on translation 
 of foreign operations                                      (221,281)           32,375 
Fair value adjustment on listed equity 
 investment (net of deferred tax)                           (300,049)        (236,900) 
 Total comprehensive profit for the year                    5,393,359        2,725,530 
--------------------------------------------  ------  ---------------  --------------- 
 

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position as at 31 December 2021

 
                                           Notes           2021           2020 
                                                              $              $ 
 ASSETS 
 Non-current assets 
 Goodwill and indefinite life 
  intangible assets                         13       37,268,469     22,159,836 
 Listed equity investment                   24        1,185,039      1,564,254 
 Other intangible assets                    13        3,818,037      1,651,296 
 Property, plant and equipment              14        7,807,227      5,172,221 
 Trade and other receivables                17          429,219        581,191 
                                                     50,507,991     31,128,798 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 Current assets 
 Inventories                                16          677,218        444,791 
 Trade and other receivables                17        8,379,894      6,049,067 
 Cash and cash equivalents                  18       23,802,352      6,818,715 
                                                     32,859,464     13,312,573 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 TOTAL ASSETS                                        83,367,455     44,441,371 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 
 EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 
 Equity attributable to holders 
  of the parent 
 Share capital                              21          142,260        116,212 
 Share premium                              21       35,252,633     12,091,069 
 Shares held in treasury                    21        (468,427)      (340,327) 
 Merger reserve                                       1,001,150      1,001,150 
 Share based payment reserve                          1,092,993        650,286 
 Accumulated OCI                                    (1.095.492)      (874,212) 
 Reverse acquisition reserve                21     (27,758,088)   (27,758,090) 
 Equity investment reserve                               46,672        346,721 
 Retained earnings                                   43,552,575     37,787,624 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
                                                     51,766,276     23,020,433 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 
 Equity attributable to Non-Controlling 
  interest 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 Non-controlling Interest                               612,528        346,124 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 
 Non-current liabilities 
 Borrowings                                 23        8,176,893      6,839,981 
 Deferred consideration                     12        8,220,613      3,421,936 
 Deferred tax liability                     20        1,576,872        957,170 
                                                     17,974,378     11,219,087 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 
 Current liabilities 
 Trade and other payables                   19        4,194,031      3,900,465 
 Borrowings                                 23        3,325,579      3,713,323 
 Deferred consideration                     12        5,494,663      2,241,939 
                                                     13,014,273      9,855,727 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 TOTAL EQUITY AND LIABILITIES                        83,367,455     44,441,371 
----------------------------------------  ------  -------------  ------------- 
 

Company Statement of Financial Position as at 31 December 2021

 
                                                                            2021             2020 
                                                       Notes                   $                $ 
 ASSETS 
  Non-current assets 
  Investment in subsidiaries                              15           7,411,852        7,459,645 
 Trade and other receivables                              17          23,270,653        4,019,000 
 Listed equity investment             24                               1,185,039        1,564,254 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
                                                                      31,867,544       13,042,900 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
Current assets 
Trade and other receivables                               17           4,781,282        3,053,543 
Cash and cash equivalents                                 18           1,865,798          366,737 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
                                                                       6,647,080        3,420,280 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
TOTAL ASSETS                                                          38,514,624       16,463,180 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 
Equity attributable to holders of 
 the parent 
Share capital                                             21             142,260          116,212 
Share premium                                             21          35,252,633       12,091,069 
Shares held in treasury                                   21           (468,427)        (340,327) 
Merger reserve                                                         1,001,150        1,001,150 
Share based payment reserve                                            1,092,993          650,286 
Accumulated OCI                                                      (1,834,431)      (1,586,208) 
Equity investment reserve                                                 46,672          346,721 
Retained earnings                                                      3,154,925        3,963,789 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
                                                                      38,387,775       16,242,692 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
Non-current liabilities 
Deferred tax liability                                    20             (5,777)           77,943 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
                                                                         (5,777)           77,943 
Current liabilities 
Trade and other payables                                  19             132,626          142,545 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
                                                                         132,626          142,545 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
TOTAL EQUITY AND LIABILITIES                                          38,514,624       16,463,180 
----------------------------------  ------------------------  ------------------  --------------- 
 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the Year Ended 31 December 2021

 
                                                                               Year ended 
                                                                              31 December 
                                                                                     2020 
                                                         Year ended 
                                                        31 December 
                                                             2021 $                     $ 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  -------------------- 
Cash flows from operating activities 
Profit before tax                                         7,556,039           4,203,374 
Adjustments for non-cash/non-operating items: 
Depreciation of plant and equipment                       2,475,069           1,568,034 
Amortisation of intangible assets                           470,225             524,017 
Share based payments                                        442,708             233,584 
PPP loan forgiveness                                    (1,869,800)                   - 
Finance costs                                               969,130             445,351 
Finance income                                             (51,092)            (88,753) 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
Operating cash flows before movements in working 
 capital                                                  9,992,279           6,885,607 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
Increase in inventories                                   (232,427)           (110,780) 
Increase in trade and other receivables                 (1,924,070)           (988,875) 
(Decrease) / Increase in trade and other payables         (684,618)           1,683,009 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
 
Cash generated by operations                              7,151,164           7,468,962 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
Income taxes paid                                       (1,021,648)           (982,776) 
Net cash generated from operating activities              6,129,516           6,486,186 
Cash flows from investing activities 
Purchase of plant and equipment                           (517,707)           (717,519) 
Purchase of intangible assets                           (2,078,559)                   - 
Acquisition of subsidiaries                               (979,782)           (300,000) 
Reacquisition of franchises                             (5,239,558)         (9,229,647) 
Finance income                                               51,092              88,753 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
Net cash used in investing activities                   (8,764,514)        (10,158,413) 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
Cash flows from financing activities 
Issue of ordinary share capital                              21,291               8,128 
Premium on issue of ordinary share capital               22,185,641           2,031,084 
Share buyback                                             (466,551)           (715,911) 
Sale of treasury shares                                     559,469           1,225,292 
Options exercised                                           714,950              25,083 
Finance costs                                             (969,130)           (445,351) 
Proceeds from borrowings                                  3,200,000           6,153,836 
Repayment of borrowings                                 (1,827,765)           (848,421) 
Repayment of notes                                      (2,350,676)         (1,409,939) 
Repayment of lease liabilities                          (1,448,594)           (813,667) 
Net cash generated from financing activities             19,618,635           5,210,134 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents                16,983,637           1,537,907 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning 
 of year                                                  6,818,715           5,280,808 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year                 23,802,352           6,818,715 
--------------------------------------------------  ---------------  ------------------ 
 

Company Statement of Cash Flows for the Year Ended 31 December 2021

 
                                                    Year ended      Year ended 
                                                   31 December     31 December 
                                                          2021            2020 
                                                             $               $ 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Cash flows from operating activities 
 Loss before tax                                     (808,865)       (636,089) 
 Adjustments for non-cash/non-operating 
  items: 
 Share based payment expense                           442,708         233,585 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Operating cash flows before movements 
  in working capital                                 (366,157)       (402,504) 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Increase in trade and other receivables          (20,934,141)     (2,066,470) 
 (Decrease)/Increase in trade and other 
  payables                                           (215,442)          66,286 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Cash used by operations                          (21,515,740)     (2,402,688) 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Income taxes paid                                           -               - 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Net cash used by operating activities            (21,515,740)     (2,402,688) 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Cash flows from investing activities 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
                                                             -               - 
 Net cash used in investing activities                       -               - 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Cash flows from financing activities 
 Issue of ordinary share capital                        21,291           8,128 
 Premium on issue of ordinary share capital         22,185,641       2,031,084 
 Share buyback                                       (466,551)       (715,911) 
 Sale of treasury shares                               559,469       1,225,292 
 Options exercised                                     714,950          25,083 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Net cash generated from financing activities       23,014,800       2,573,676 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Increase in cash and cash equivalents               1,499,061         170,988 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning 
  of period                                            366,737         195,749 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period          1,865,798         366,737 
----------------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

Notes to the Financial Statements

   1            General information 

The Group is a leading provider of minimally invasive, leak detection and remediation services for potable and non-potable water. The Group's strategy is to be a "One-stop Shop" of water leak and repair solutions (services and products) for residential, commercial and municipal customers.

The Company is a public limited company limited by shares. Domiciled in the United Kingdom and incorporated under registered number 03923150 in England and Wales. The Company's registered office is 27-28 Eastcastle Street, London W1W 8DH.

The Company is listed on AIM of the London Stock Exchange. These Financial Statements were authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on 8 June 2022.

   2            Adoption of a new International Financial Reporting Standards 

The following new standards were mandatory for adoption for periods ending 31 December 2021; however, these standards do not affect the Group:

   -     Interest Rate Benchmark Reform - Phase 2: Amendments to IFRS 9, IAS 39, IFRS 4 and IFRS 16 
   -     Covid-19 Related Rent Concessions (Amendment to IFRS 16) 

The Group has not early adopted any other standard, interpretation or amendment that has been issued but is not yet effective and they are not expected to have a material impact on the Group financial statements.

   3            Significant accounting policies 

Basis of preparation

These Financial Statements of the Group and Company are prepared on a going concern basis, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standards (IFRS). The Parent Company's Financial Statements have also been prepared in accordance with UK adopted International Accounting Standards as applied by the Companies Act 2006.

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with IFRS requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenses.

The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis of making judgements about carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Trade and other payables in 2020 have been restated to include the appropriate current and non-current splits of lease liabilities .

The Financial Statements are presented in US Dollars ($), rounded to the nearest dollar.

Going concern

The Directors have prepared a business plan and cash flow forecast for the period to December 2023. The forecast contains certain assumptions about the level of future sales and the level of margins achievable. These assumptions are the Directors' best estimate of the future development of the business. The Group generates increasing levels of cash driven by its profitable and growing US-based business, ALD. The Directors also note that the Group has diversified its operations further with growth in WII. Moreover, after oversubscribed capital raises in July and November 2021 and expansion of its credit facilities in February 2021 and April 2022, The Directors believe that funding will be available on a case-by-case basis for additional initiatives.

Cash at 31 December 2021 increased to $23.8 million (2020: $6.8 million). At 31 December 2021, total debt (borrowings and deferred consideration from franchise acquisitions) was $22 million with amortisation of such amount spread through 2026. Meanwhile, operating cash flows (EBITDA) in 2021 increased by 45% to $10.0 million (2020: $6.9 million). For 2022, the Directors are monitoring inflationary pressures and investments, such as Salesforce.com and related software applications, geared to offset inflation through efficiencies.

The Directors conclude that the Group will have adequate cash resources both to pursue its growth plan and to accelerate execution if it so chooses. The Directors are satisfied that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future and accordingly, continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) as a pandemic which continues to spread throughout the United States and the world through variants. The Company is monitoring the social effects produced by COVID-19, the related business and travel restrictions and changes to public policy intended to reduce its spread. The Company assesses on an on- going basis, the impact of COVID-19 on its operations, financial positions, cash flows, customer payments, and the industry in general and especially its impact on its employees, customers, and stakeholders. Whilst to date there has been no material impact on operations and liquidity of the Company, at the time of issuance, these circumstances may change in the foreseeable future.

The Directors are satisfied that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future and accordingly, continue to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the financial statements.

Basis of consolidation

The Group financial statements consolidate the accounts of Water Intelligence plc and all of its subsidiary undertakings made up to 31 December 2021. The Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income includes the results of all subsidiary undertakings for the period from the date on which control passes. Control is achieved where the Group (or one of its subsidiary undertakings) obtains the power to govern the financial and operating policies of an investee entity so as to derive benefits from its activities.

The purchase method of accounting is used to account for the acquisition of subsidiaries by the Group. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the fair value of the assets given, equity instruments issued and liabilities incurred or assumed at the date of exchange. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date, irrespective of the extent of any minority interest. The excess of the cost of acquisition over the fair value of the Group's share of the identifiable net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. If the cost of acquisition is less than the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired, the difference is recognised directly in the income statement.

The acquisition of ALDHC in 2010 was accounted for as a reverse acquisition. The assets and liabilities revalued at their fair value on acquisition therefore related to the Company. Both a merger reserve and a reverse acquisition reserve were created to enable the presentation of a consolidated statement of financial position which combines the equity structure of the legal parent with the reserves of the legal subsidiary.

Inter-company transactions and balances and unrealised gains or losses on transactions between Group companies are eliminated in full.

Parent Company income statement - UK head office only

The Company has taken advantage of Section 408 of the Companies Act 2006 in not presenting its own Statement of Comprehensive Income. The Company's loss after tax for the year ended 31 December 2021 is $808,865 (2020: $636,089).

Inventories

The inventories, consisting primarily of equipment, parts, and supplies, are recorded at the lower of cost (FIFO) or market value.

Defined contribution pension scheme

Water Intelligence International provides a government run pension scheme under UK legislation. Employees have the opportunity to opt in or opt out. It is compulsory for companies to offer this to their employees. This was implemented on 1 November 2017.

Taxation

Income tax expense represents the sum of the current tax and deferred tax charge for the year.

Current tax

The tax currently payable is based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from profit as reported in the Statement of Comprehensive Income because it excludes items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other periods and it further excludes items that are never taxable or deductible. The Group's and Company's liability for current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the year end.

Deferred tax

Deferred income taxes are provided in full, using the liability method, for all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the Financial Statements. Deferred income taxes are determined using tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realised or the related deferred income tax liability is settled.

The principal temporary differences arise from depreciation or amortisation charged on assets and tax losses carried forward. Deferred tax assets relating to the carry forward of unused tax losses and are recognised to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the unused tax losses can be utilised. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date and reduced to the extent that it is probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

Foreign currencies

   (i)    Functional and presentational currency 

Items included in the Financial Statements are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which each entity operates

Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at year end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the income statement.

   (ii)   Group Companies 

The results and financial position of all the Group entities that have a functional currency different from the presentational currency are translated into the presentational currency as follows:

(a) assets and liabilities for each statement of financial position presented are translated at closing rate at the date of the statement;

(b) the income and expenses are translated at average exchange rates for period where there is no significant fluctuation in rates, otherwise a more precise rate at a transaction date is used; and

   (c)     all resulting exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income. 

Leases The Group recognizes a right-of-use asset and a lease liability at the lease commencement date. The right of use lease is initially measured at cost, which comprises the initial amount of the lease liability adjusted for any lease payments made at or before commencement date plus any initial direct costs incurred and an estimate of costs to dismantle and remove the underlying asset. The right-of-use asset is subsequently depreciated using the straight-line method from the commencement date to the earlier of the end of the useful life of the right-of-use asset or the end of the useful life of the right-of-use asset or the end of the lease term. The lease liability is initially measured at the present value of the lease payments that are not paid at the commencement date discounted using the Group incremental borrowing rate.

Revenue recognition

IFRS 15 (Revenue from Contracts with Customers) came into effect on 1 January 2018 replacing IAS 18 Revenue and related interpretations. Under IFRS 15, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of a good or service and thus has the ability to direct the use and obtain the benefits from the good or service.

Nature of the Business

Water Intelligence plc operates through two wholly-owned subsidiaries: American Leak Detection (ALD) and Water Intelligence International (WII). Both subsidiaries provide precision water leak detection and repair services. The services that are performed for various customers are discrete activities - locating a water leak or fixing a leak. The services are not bundled. Each service has a price established in a rate book. Depending on customer preference, a service technician may stop after locating the leak. The customer would pay a fee for that service. Or following the leak detection service, the technician may also provide repair services for separate fee depending on what is contracted for by the customer. Service jobs are typically short in duration, usually 1-2 hours for a leak detection service. ALD delivers these services through corporate locations and franchise locations across the United States and in Canada and Australia. WII operates outside the United States, mainly in the UK, and delivers services only through corporate locations.

Customers and Sources of Revenue

Residential . Both ALD and WII provide services to residential customers. Service technicians, whether from franchise-operated locations or corporate-operated locations, provide services to homeowners. When the service is delivered, the homeowner is invoiced immediately upon completion of the service. The price of the service is a fixed call-out charge for the technician to come to the house and an hourly charge based on the time it takes to find the leak. Revenue is recognized upon completion of the service.

Business-to-Business . ALD has written national contracts with nationwide insurance companies. The insurance company, as ALD's customer, receives claims from homeowners or property management for water-related damage. The insurance company contracts directly with ALD headquarters. ALD headquarters, as the principal, takes liability risk for performance of the service jobs and for providing to insurance companies certain management services. A national price book is established as part of the national contract. After the leak detection service is performed, report from ALD headquarters is delivered to the insurance company and the insurance company is also invoiced for the job. Service is deemed complete upon delivery of the report and invoice. Revenue is recognized upon delivery of the report and invoice.

Municipal . WII headquarters or ALD headquarters will contract with a municipality to provide leak detection services. Such leak detection services largely consist of surveying kilometers of pipe. During such surveys, a designated distance is covered each day with a daily rate per technician per kilometer covered. A report is prepared for the municipality weekly. When the report is delivered, the service is deemed complete with respect to the distance covered. The municipality will be billed for the week's work when the report is conveyed. Revenue is recognized upon the delivery of the report.

Franchise Sales, Equipment and On-going Royalty Payments . ALD is a franchisor and leak detection services are delivered not only by corporate-operated locations but also by ALD's franchise System. Franchisees are independently owned and operated.

The franchise System has the following characteristics for revenue recognition. ALD sells franchises to third parties. A franchise is an exclusive territory in which a franchisee is authorized to deliver ALD services, mainly leak detection and repair. ALD headquarters provides training and advice to support the delivery of services by franchisees.

The franchise sale is documented by means of a ten-year license agreement that is renewable for ten-year increments based on certain conditions derived from franchisee performance. The agreement has three main components. First, the agreement provides for the payment of an upfront fee in exchange for the exclusive territory and training. The upfront fee is non-refundable. ALD revenue is recognized with respect to most of the upfront fee at the Closing of the franchise sale. The remaining portion of the upfront fee is recognized as revenue over time using a straight-line method to reflect the delivery of franchisor services over the ten-year period. Second, the franchise agreement provides that the franchisee may purchase proprietary equipment from ALD and more general equipment from ALD-approved third parties. There is a price book. ALD revenue is recognized upon the delivery of equipment to franchisees and an invoice for the equipment. Third, in accordance with the franchise license agreement, each franchise pays a royalty fee to ALD each month based on a percentage of the franchisee's gross sales for that month. Each month, a franchise files a royalty report and pays the royalty amount. ALD revenue is recognized upon the receipt of the royalty report.

In respect of the sale of franchise territories, the Group will monitor on an ongoing basis the correct apportionment for each such sale between recognition of upfront fees and fees which are deferred over the length of the franchise agreement. This year such sales were not a material part of the Group's revenue or income.

Financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised in the Group's statement of financial position when the Group becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Loans and receivables

Trade receivables, loans, and other receivables held with the objective to collect the contractual cash flows are classified as subsequently measured at amortised cost. These are initially measured at fair value plus transaction costs. At each period end, there is an assessment of the expected credit loss in accordance with IFRS 9, with any increase or reduction in the credit loss provision charged or released to other selling and administrative expenses in the statement of comprehensive income.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash in hand, deposits held at call with banks, and other short term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

Impairment of financial assets

The Group recognises an allowance for expected credit losses (ECLs) for all debt instruments not held at fair value through profit or loss. ECLs are based on the difference between the contractual cash flows due in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the Group expects to receive, discounted at an approximation of the original effective interest rate. The expected cash flows will include cash flows from the sale of collateral held or other credit enhancements that are integral to the contractual terms.

The Group always recognises lifetime ECLs for trade receivables and contract assets. ECLs on these financial assets are estimated using a provision matrix based on the Group's historical credit loss experience, adjusted for factors that are specific to the debtors, general economic conditions and an assessment of both the current as well as the forecast conditions at the reporting date, including time value of money where appropriate.

For all other financial instruments, the Group recognises lifetime ECL when there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition. However, if the credit risk on the financial instrument has not increased significantly since initial recognition, the Group measures the loss allowance for that financial instrument at an amount equal to 12 -- month ECL.

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities, including borrowings, are initially measured at fair value, net of transaction costs and are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

Equity instruments

An equity instrument is any instrument with a residual interest in the assets of the Company after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments (ordinary shares) are recorded at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

Derecognition of financial liabilities

The Group derecognises financial liabilities when, and only when, the Group's obligations are discharged, cancelled or they expire.

Property, plant and equipment

All property, plant and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:

   Equipment and displays:               5 to 7 years 
   Motor vehicles:                             5 years 
   Leasehold improvements:             7 years or lease term, whichever is shorter 

The asset's residual values and economic lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at each reporting date. An asset's carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset's carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount. Assets that are no longer of economic use to the business are retired.

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing the proceeds with the carrying amount and are recognised within other (losses) or gains in the income statement.

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of the fair value of the consideration over the fair values of the identifiable net assets acquired.

Goodwill arising on acquisitions is not subject to amortisation but is subject to annual impairment testing. Any impairment is recognised immediately in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income and not subsequently reversed.

Other intangible assets

Intangible assets are recorded as separately identifiable assets and recognised at historical cost less any accumulated amortisation. These assets are amortised over their definite useful economic lives on the straight-line method.

Amortisation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated definite useful lives of the assets as follows:

Years

Covenants not to compete 1-6

Customer lists 5

Salesforce 5

Trademarks 20

Patents 10

Product development 4

Any amortisation is included within administrative expenses in the statement of comprehensive income.

Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are not amortised, but are tested for impairment annually, either individually or at the cash-generating unit level. The assessment of indefinite life is reviewed annually to determine whether the indefinite life continues to be supportable. If not, the change in useful life from indefinite to finite is made on a prospective basis.

The asset's residual values and economic lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at each balance sheet date. An asset's carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset's carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing the proceeds with the carrying amount and are recognised within other (losses) or gains in the Statement of Comprehensive Income.

Research and development

Research expenditure is recognised as an expense when incurred. Costs incurred on development projects (relating to the design and testing of new or improved products) are recognised as intangible assets when the following criteria are fulfilled.

-- It is technically feasible to complete the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or resale;

   --     Management intends to complete the intangible asset and use or sell it; 
   --     There is an ability to use or sell the intangible; 

-- It can be demonstrated how the intangible asset will generate possible future economic benefits;

-- Adequate technical, financial and other resource to complete the development and to use or sell the intangible asset are available; and

-- The expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during its development can be reliably measured.

Other development expenditures that do not meet these criteria are recognised as an expense in the period incurred. Development costs previously recognised as an expense are not recognised as an asset in a subsequent period. Capitalised development costs are recorded as intangible assets and are amortised from the point at which they are ready for use on a straight-line basis over the asset's estimated useful life.

Segment reporting

A business segment is a group of assets and operations engaged in providing products or services that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of other business segments.

Impairment reviews

Assets that are subject to amortisation and depreciation are reviewed for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be fully recoverable. Assets that are not subject to amortisation and depreciation are reviewed on an annual basis at each year end and, if there is any indication that an asset may be impaired, its recoverable amount is estimated. The recoverable amount is the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. Any impairment loss arising from the review is charged to the Statement of Comprehensive Income whenever the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

Share based payments

The Group has made share-based payments to certain Directors and employees and to certain advisers by way of issue of share options. The fair value of these payments is calculated either using the Black Scholes option pricing model or by reference to the fair value of any fees or remuneration settled by way of granting of options. The expense is recognised on a straight-line basis over the period from the date of award to the date of vesting, based on the best estimate of the number of shares that will eventually vest.

Critical accounting estimates and judgements

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with UK adopted International Accounting Standards.requires the use of judgements together with accounting estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Although these judgements and estimates are based on management's best knowledge of current events and actions, the resulting accounting treatment estimates will, by definition, seldom equal the related actual results.

The key judgements in respect of the preparation of the financial statements are in respect of the accounting for acquisitions, determination of separately identifiable assets on acquisition, the determination of cash generating units, the evaluation of segmental information, the evaluation of whether there is any indication of any impairment in investments, intangibles, goodwill or receivables and whether deferred tax assets should be recognized for tax losses.

The estimates and assumptions that have a risk of causing material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are the fair value of assets arising on acquisition (see note 12), carrying value of the goodwill, the carrying value of the other intangibles (see note 13) and the carrying value of the investments. Please see relevant notes for these areas.

   4              Segmental Information 

In the opinion of the Directors, the operations of the Group currently comprise five operating segments, being (i) Franchise royalty income, (ii) Franchise-related activities (including product and equipment sales, business-to-business sales and sales of franchises), (iii) US corporate operated locations, (iv) International corporate operated locations and (v) Head office costs. Information reported to the Group's Chief Operating Decision Maker (being the Executive Chairman), for the purpose of resource allocation and assessment of division performance is now separated into the four income generating segments (items (i) to (iv)), and items that do not fall into these segments have been categorized as unallocated head office costs (v).

The Group mainly operates in the US, with operations in the UK and certain other countries especially Canada and Australia. No single customer accounts for more than 10% of the Group's total external revenue.

The following is an analysis of the Group's revenues and profits from operations and assets by business segment.

 
 Revenue                                        Year ended    Year ended 
                                               31 December   31 December 
                                                      2021          2020 
                                                         $             $ 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Franchise royalty income                        6,803,489     6,691,433 
 Franchise related activities                    9,769,657     9,513,209 
 US corporate operated locations                31,861,087    17,434,216 
 International corporate operated locations      6,109,175     4,295,037 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Total                                          54,543,408    37,933,895 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 
 Profit/(Loss) before tax                       Year ended    Year ended 
                                               31 December   31 December 
                                                      2021          2020 
                                                         $             $ 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Franchise royalty income                        1,808,730     1,771,302 
 Franchise related activities                      805,171       682,958 
 US corporate operated locations                 6,007,153     3,795,753 
 International corporate operated locations        315,740       311,783 
 Unallocated head office costs                 (2,927,132)   (2,257,323) 
 PPP loan forgiveness                            1,869,800             - 
 Non-core costs                                  (323,423)     (101,099) 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Total                                           7,556,039     4,203,374 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 
 
 Assets                                         Year ended    Year ended 
                                               31 December   31 December 
                                                      2021          2020 
                                                         $             $ 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Franchise royalty income                       27,869,663    10,571,497 
 Franchise related activities                    2,452,933     2,006,569 
 US corporate operated locations                43,050,953    24,932,417 
 International corporate operated locations      9,993,906     6,930,887 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Total                                          83,367,455    44,441,371 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 
 Amortisation                                   Year ended    Year ended 
                                               31 December   31 December 
                                                      2021          2020 
                                                         $             $ 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 US corporate operated locations                   466,216       496,315 
 International corporate operated locations          4,009        27,702 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Total                                             470,225       524,017 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 
 Depreciation                                   Year ended    Year ended 
                                               31 December   31 December 
                                                      2021          2020 
                                                         $             $ 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Franchise royalty income                                -             - 
 Franchise related activities                            -             - 
 US corporate operated locations                 2,009,350     1,288,989 
 International corporate operated locations        465,719       279,045 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 Total                                           2,475,069     1,568,034 
--------------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 
 
 
 Finance Expense                        Year ended    Year ended 
                                       31 December   31 December 
                                              2021          2020 
                                                 $             $ 
------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 US corporate operated locations           484,047        78,031 
 International corporate activities         13,719         8,769 
 Unallocated head office costs             471,363       358,553 
 Total                                     969,129       445,353 
------------------------------------  ------------  ------------ 
 

Geographic Information

As noted herein, the Group has two wholly-owned subsidiaries - ALD and WII. ALD has US franchise-operated and corporate-operated locations and international franchises in Australia and Canada. Meanwhile, WII has corporate-operated activities outside the US. We may also regroup the same information into US and Outside the US to capture the Group's effort to be multinational company. As indicated herein, the Group has had strong balanced growth in the US and abroad and across ALD and WII. For 2021, outside the US sales have grown 41% to $6.2 million (2020: $4.4 million). Sales in the US have grown 44% to $48.3 million (2020: $33.5 million). The percentage of International sales to total sales has remained constant at 11% (2020: 11%).

Total Revenue

 
                                             Year ended 31 December                    Year ended 31 December 
                                                       2021                                      2020 
                                             US   International        Total           US   International        Total 
                                              $               $            $            $               $            $ 
----------------------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------- 
 Franchise royalty income             6,698,729         104,760    6,803,489    6,572,162         119,271    6,691,433 
 Franchise related activities         9,769,657               -    9,769,657    9,513,209               -    9,513,209 
 US Corporate owned Stores           31,861,087               -   31,861,087   17,434,216               -   17,434,216 
 International corporate 
  activities                                  -       6,109,175    6,109,175            -       4,295,037    4,295,038 
----------------------------------  -----------  --------------  -----------  -----------  --------------  ----------- 
 Total                               48,329,473       6,213,935   54,543,408   33,519,587       4,414,308   37,933,895 
 
 
   5              Expenses by nature 

The Group's operating profit has been arrived at after charging:

 
                                                   Year ended    Year ended 
                                                  31 December   31 December 
                                                         2021          2020 
                                           Note             $             $ 
----------------------------------------  -----  ------------  ------------ 
 Raw materials and consumables 
  used                                              1,954,849       752,670 
 Employee costs                               6    24,226,020    14,444,268 
 Depreciation charge                                2,475,069     1,568,034 
 Amortisation charge                                  470,225       524,017 
 Marketing costs                                      293,036       290,049 
 R&D                                                        -       (3,034) 
 Foreign exchange (gain)/loss                           1,624      (77,027) 
----------------------------------------  -----  ------------  ------------ 
 
                                                   Year ended    Year ended 
                                                  31 December   31 December 
                                                         2021          2020 
                                                            $             $ 
----------------------------------------  -----  ------------  ------------ 
 Auditors remuneration 
 Fees payable to the Company's 
  auditor for audit of Parent Company 
  and Consolidated Financial Statements                54,000        52,000 
----------------------------------------  -----  ------------  ------------ 
 Fees payables to the Company's                             -             - 
  auditor for other services (assurance 
  related services) 
----------------------------------------  -----  ------------  ------------ 
 

The Group auditors are not the auditors of the US subsidiary companies. The fees paid to the auditor of the US subsidiary companies were $158,614 (2020: $142,336) for the audit of these companies and $38,899 (2020: $28,204) for other services.

   6       Employees and Directors 

The Employees and Directors of the Company contribute to the execution and management of the business.

 
                                         Year ended   Year ended 
                                        31 December  31 December 
                                               2021         2020 
Short-Term employee benefits 
Directors fees, salaries and benefits       874,381      774,465 
Employee wages and salaries              21,313,711   12,672,270 
Employer payroll taxes                    1,595,220      763,948 
Long-Term employee benefits 
Share based payments                        442,708      233,584 
--------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
                                         24,226,020   14,444,268 
--------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 

Information regarding Directors' emoluments are as follows:

 
                                            Year ended   Year ended 
                                           31 December  31 December 
                                                  2021         2020 
                                                     $            $ 
----------------------------------------   -----------  ----------- 
 Short-Term employee benefits 
 Directors' fees, salaries and benefits        874,381      774,465 
 Employer payroll taxes                         22,079       20,331 
                                               896,460      794,796 
 ----------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 

The highest paid Director (Executive) received emoluments of $654,385 (2020: $606,515).

The average number of employees (including Directors) in the Group during the year was:

 
                                           Year ended   Year ended 
                                          31 December  31 December 
                                                 2021         2020 
Directors (executive and non-executive)             5            5 
Management                                         48           26 
Field Services                                    223          150 
Franchise Support                                  20           20 
Administration                                     83           46 
----------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
                                                  379          247 
----------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 
   7       Share options 

The Company grants share options at its discretion to Directors, management and advisors. These are accounted for as equity settled options. Should the options remain unexercised after a period of ten years from the date of grant the options will expire unless an extension is agreed to by the Board. Options are exercisable at a price equal to the Company's quoted market price on the date of grant or an exercise price to be determined by the Board.

Details for the share options and warrants granted, exercised, lapsed and outstanding at the year-end are as follows:

 
                                                                                       Number 
                                                                                     of share 
                                                                         Weighted                             Weighted 
                                                                 average exercise                     average exercise 
                                                                        price ($)     options                price ($) 
                                         Number of share 
                                            options 2021                     2021        2020                     2020 
----------------------  --------------------------------  -----------------------  ----------  ----------------------- 
 Outstanding at 
  beginning 
  of year                                      1,907,500                     3.92   1,450,000                     3.01 
 Granted during the 
  year                                           555,500                    10.66     525,000                     5.63 
 Forfeited/lapsed                                      -                        -           -                        - 
 during 
 the year 
 Exercised during the 
  year                                         (225,000)                     2.54    (67,500)                     1.23 
----------------------  --------------------------------  -----------------------  ----------  ----------------------- 
 Outstanding at end of 
  the year                                     2,238,000                     5.74   1,907,500                     3.92 
----------------------  --------------------------------  -----------------------  ----------  ----------------------- 
 Exercisable at end of 
  the year                                       682,500                     1.58     697,500                     1.15 
----------------------  --------------------------------  -----------------------  ----------  ----------------------- 
 

Fair value of share options

During the year, the Group granted 555,500 Share Options to certain Employees, with exercise prices ranging from of GBP4.56 to GBP8.35 ($6.24 to $12.56).

The fair value of options granted during the prior year has been calculated using the Black Scholes model which has given rise to fair values per share ranging from $1.93 to $4.11. This is based on risk-free rates of 0.35% to 0.78% and volatility of 34.8% to 40.7%.

The Black Scholes calculations for the options granted during the year resulted in a charge of $442,708 (2020: $233,584) which has been expensed in the year.

The weighted average remaining contractual life of the share options as at 31 December 2021 was 7.10 years (2020: 7.12 years).

Options arrangements that exist over the Company's shares at year end and at the time of the report are detailed below:

 
                    At report                            Date of  Exercise                Exercise period 
Grant                  date          2021       2020       Grant     price                        From To 
-----------------  -----------  ---------  ---------  ----------  --------  ----------------------------- 
ALDHC Plan              67,500     67,500    142,500  01/12/2013     $1.14     01/12/2013      01/12/2023 
2013 Directors         100,000    100,000    100,000  01/08/2013     $1.30     01/08/2013      01/08/2023 
2015 Options           122,500    122,500    177,500  08/06/2015     $0.67     08/06/2015      08/06/2025 
2016 Directors         100,000    100,000    100,000  13/06/2016   $1.26       13/06/2016      13/06/2026 
2016 Employee           25,000     25,000     45,000  19/12/2016     $1.24     19/12/2019      19/12/2026 
2016 Employee          132,500    132,500    132,500  19/12/2016     $1.56     19/12/2019      19/12/2026 
2018 Acquisition       135,000    135,000    135,000  06/03/2018     $3.15   06/03/2021       06/03/2028 
2018 Acquisition             -          -     25,000  08/10/2018     $4.52   08/10/2021       08/10/2028 
2019 Employee          425,000    425,000    475,000  04/04/2019     $6.24   04/04/2023        04/04/2029 
2019 Acquisition        50,000     50,000     50,000  04/04/2019     $4.59   04/04/2023        04/04/2029 
2020 Employee 
 (1)                   500,000    500,000    500,000  31/07/2020     $5.60   31/07/2023        31/07/2030 
2020 Acquisition 
 (2)                    25,000     25,000     25,000  30/09/2020     $6.20   30/09/2024        30/09/2030 
2021 Acquisition 
 (3)                    45,500     45,500             01/01/2021     $6.80   01/01/2025        01/01/2031 
2021 Directors 
 (4)                   300,000    300,000             15/03/2021    $10.40   15/03/2024        15/03/2031 
2021 Acquisition 
 (5)                   100,000    100,000             20/04/2021    $11.38   20/04/2025        20/04/2031 
2021 Acquisition 
 (6)                    75,000    110,000             01/07/2021    $12.56   01/07/2025        01/07/2031 
Total                2,203,000  2,238,000  1,907,500 
-----------------  -----------  ---------  ---------  ----------  --------  -------------  -------------- 
 

All share options are equity settled on exercise. The amounts at the Report Date reflect all share options that have been either exercised or forfeited.

(1) On 31 July 2020, certain employees were granted options to purchase 500,000 New Ordinary Shares at a price of $5.60. These options have a four-year vesting requirement.

(2) On 30 September 2020, certain vendors, retained as employees, were granted options to purchase 25,000 New Ordinary Shares at a price of $6.20 pursuant to the acquisition of franchises acquired in 2020. These options have a four-year vesting requirement.

(3) On 01 January 2021, certain vendors, retained as employees, were granted options to purchase 45,500 New Ordinary Shares at a price of $6.80 pursuant to the acquisition of franchises acquired in 2020. These options have a four-year vesting requirement.

(4) On 15 March 2021, Dan Ewell, a newly appointed Director, received an option to purchase 200,000 New Ordinary Shares. All other members of the Board received an option to purchase 25,000 New Ordinary Shares. These options have an exercise price of $10.40 per share, being a 18% premium to the prevailing share price. These Options have a four-year vesting requirement.

(5) On 20 April 2021, certain vendors, retained as employees, were granted options to purchase 100,000 New Ordinary Shares at a price of $11.38 pursuant to the acquisition of certain IP Assets. These options have a four-year vesting requirement.

(6) On 1 July 2021, certain vendors, retained as employees, were granted options to purchase 110,000 New Ordinary Shares at a price of $12.56 pursuant to the acquisition of franchises acquired in 2021. These options have a four-year vesting requirement.

Patrick DeSouza received (i) 180,000 Partly Paid Shares at an exercise price of $1.07 during 2016, (ii) 750,000 Partly Paid Shares at an exercise price of $2.71 in March 2018, (iii) 850,000 Partly Paid Shares at an exercise price of $4.82, in May 2019 and (iv) 300,000 Partly Paid Shares at an exercise price of $6.13 in October 2020 in connection with capital raising and bank financings. These Partly Paid Shares carry voting rights but will not be admitted to trading or carry any economic rights until fully paid.

   8             Finance income 
 
                            Year ended      Year ended 
                           31 December     31 December 
                                  2021            2020 
                                     $               $ 
 Interest income                51,092          88,753 
----------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
   9              Finance expense 
 
                             Year ended      Year ended 
                            31 December     31 December 
                                   2021            2020 
                                      $               $ 
 Interest expense               969,130         445,351 
-----------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
   10           Taxation 
 
                                           Year ended      Year ended 
                                          31 December     31 December 
                                                 2021            2020 
  Group                                             $               $ 
-------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Current tax: 
 Current tax on profits in the year         1,084,022         836,682 
 Prior year over provision                          -               - 
-------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Total current tax                          1,084,022         836,681 
-------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Deferred tax current year                    557,329         436,637 
 Deferred tax prior year                            -               - 
-------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Deferred tax (credit)/expense (note 
  20)                                         557,329         436,637 
-------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 Income tax expense                         1,641,350       1,273,319 
-------------------------------------  --------------  -------------- 
 

The tax on the Group's loss before tax differs from the theoretical amount that would arise using the weighted average tax rate applicable to profits of the consolidated entities as follows:

 
 Profit before tax on ordinary activities        7,556,039   4,203,374 
----------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Tax calculated at domestic rate applicable 
  profits in respective countries 
 (2021: 23.6% versus 2020: 31.7%)                1,457,165     882,709 
 Tax effects of: 
 Non-deductible expenses                           136,081      65,445 
 GILTI Inclusion                                    47,262      15,202 
 PPP loan forgiveness                            (392,688)           - 
 Other tax adjustments, reliefs and transfers      136,062      95,620 
 State taxes net of federal benefit                263,377     190,419 
 Adjustment in respect of prior year                 2,794      17,262 
 Changes in rates                                  (8,703)       6,662 
----------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 Taxation expense recognized in income 
  statement                                      1,641,350   1,273,319 
----------------------------------------------  ----------  ---------- 
 

The Group is subject to income taxes in multiple jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining the worldwide provision for income taxes. There are many transactions and calculations for which the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. The Group recognises liabilities for anticipated tax audit issues based on estimates of whether additional taxes will be due.

As also set forth, in Note 20, at the balance sheet date, the Group's UK trading operations had unused tax losses of GBP3,739,716 (2020: GBP5,898,312) available for offset against future profits. GBP934,929 (2020: GBP1,002,713) represents unrecognized deferred tax assets thereon at 25%. The deferred tax asset has not been recognized due to uncertainty over timing of utilization.

The effective rate for tax for 2021 is 23.6% (2020: 31.7%). It is anticipated that the Group will use the effective tax rate of 29.3% (no PPP tax benefit in the future) going forward.

   11           Earnings per share 

The profit per share has been calculated using the profit for the year and the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the year, as follows:

Basic

 
                                                                   Year ended       Year ended 
                                                                                   31 December 
                                                                                          2020 
                                                             31 December 2021                $ 
                                                                            $ 
--------------------------------------------  -------------------------------  --------------- 
Profit for the year attributable to equity 
 holders of the Parent ($)                                          5,764,952        2,892,974 
Weighted average number of ordinary shares                         15,972,588       14,832,294 
--------------------------------------------  -------------------------------  --------------- 
Diluted weighted average number of ordinary 
 shares                                                            17,286,616       15,427,122 
--------------------------------------------  -------------------------------  --------------- 
Profit per share (cents)                                                 36.1             19.5 
--------------------------------------------  -------------------------------  --------------- 
Diluted profit per share (cents)                                         33.3             18.8 
--------------------------------------------  -------------------------------  --------------- 
 
 
 
 
  Adjusting for the PPP loan forgiveness has 
  the following effect: 
---------------------------------------------  ------  ---- 
Profit per share (cents)                       (11.7)     - 
Adjusted Profit per share (cents)                24.4  19.5 
---------------------------------------------  ------  ---- 
 
Diluted profit per share (cents)               (10.8)     - 
---------------------------------------------  ------  ---- 
Adjusted Diluted profit per share (cents)        22.5  18.8 
---------------------------------------------  ------  ---- 
 
   12           Acquisitions 

These can be summarised as follows:

On 30 March 2021, the Group completed the reacquisition of its Central Florida (Clermont) franchise territory within the Group's ALD franchise business. Strategically, the Central Florida reacquisition will enable ALD to link operations along the eastern part of Florida from its Central Florida location to fast-growing corporate operations in Orlando, to the east, and sizeable Melbourne and Miami operations, to the south. Demand is high for ALD water leak detection and repair offerings in this geography because of various factors ranging from the number of swimming pools to level of disposable income to rainy weather. The purchase price of $0.66 million is based on 2020 full-year results of approximately $0.66 million in sales and $0.15 million in adjusted profits.

On 23 April 2021, the Group announced the acquisition of intellectual property assets ("IP") from FastDitch, Inc., a US corporation ("FastDitch"). The IP Assets will be used to launch a new subsidiary of the Group's core American Leak Detection business ("ALD") dedicated to providing water infrastructure solutions. The subsidiary will operate under the tradename Intelliditch. The purchase price for the IP reflects a 75% equity stake for the Group in the new Intelliditch subsidiary in exchange for options for 100,000 shares in Water Intelligence at an exercise price of 822.5 pence and a 25% equity stake in IntelliDitch for the former owners of FastDitch.

On 2 June 2021, the Group announced the reacquisition of its Reno, Nevada franchise territory within its ALD franchise business. The acquisition strengthens corporate presence in the western part of the United States and links its ALD innovation centers in Silicon Valley and Seattle. The purchase price of $0.25 million is based on $0.25 million of sales during 2020.

On 2 June 2021, the Group announced the acquisition of PlumbRight Services, Inc. PlumbRight extends the plumbing services capabilities of the Group's fast-growing, multimillion dollar Louisville, Kentucky location. The PlumbRight team will enable the Louisville office to take on larger scale repair jobs as follow-through sales beyond current pinpoint leak detection solutions for its existing business and municipal customers. The purchase price of $0.7 million is based on 2020 sales of approximately $1 million.

On 5 July 2021, the Group announced the reacquisition of its Northeast Florida (Jacksonville/Daytona) franchise territory within its ALD franchise business. Strategically, this reacquisition follows the Central Florida location reacquisition. The two reacquisitions enable ALD to link corporate operations along the eastern part of Florida from Jacksonville in the northeast to fast-growing corporate operations in Orlando and sizeable Melbourne and Miami operations, to the south. This operational scale should contribute to both growth and efficiencies. The purchase price of $2.75 million is based on 2020 full-year results of approximately $2 million in sales and $0.5 million in adjusted profits.

On 8 July 2021, the Group announced the reacquisition of its Las Vegas and Phoenix franchise territories within its ALD franchise business. Demand in Las Vegas and Phoenix is especially strong for ALD water leak detection and repair services, due to a variety of factors such as heat, drought, the number of swimming pools and higher income levels. Strategically, these reacquisitions follow the May reacquisition of its Reno, Nevada franchise and the Group's prior reacquisition of its franchise in Tucson, Arizona. It enables ALD to link existing corporate operations - Las Vegas with Reno and Phoenix with Tucson. The combined purchase price of $10.3 million will be paid over four years and is based on combined 2020 full-year results of approximately $5.75 million in sales and $1.6 million in adjusted profits.

On 1 November 2021, the Group announced the acquisition of Wat-er-save Services Limited ("WS"), a UK provider of leak detection, repair and water infrastructure services to UK commercial customers including universities and leisure resorts. The acquisition was led by the Group's UK-based Water Intelligence International ("WII"). Strategically, this acquisition provides the Group with a more substantial sales footprint in the UK. Financially, despite Covid-related restrictions, WS executed approximately GBP0.95 million of sales and GBP0.25 million of profit before tax for the year-ended 30 June 2021.The purchase price is GBP0.7 million.

On 1 December 2021, the Group announced the reacquisition of its South Oregon franchise territory within its ALD franchise business. Today's acquisition accelerates the Group's strong growth trajectory by adding scale to its regional hub of corporate operations in the northwest United States; a territory where green economy solutions are in high demand. The purchase price of $1.38 million in cash will be paid over the next twelve months and is based on a pro forma revenue of $1.15 million and $0.25 million in profit before tax for full year 2021.

2021 Acquisitions

 
                        Sub.          Sub.                             Las Vegas 
                        Aqu.          Aqu.                                and 
                    Intelliditch   Wat-er-save   Clermont     Reno      Phoenix      Daytona     Medford    PlumbRight   Adjust-ments     Totals 
----------------- 
                               $             $          $          $            $           $           $            $              $            $ 
-----------------  -------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ----------  ----------  -----------  -------------  ----------- 
 Fair value of 
 assets and 
 liabilities 
 acquired 
 Equipment                     -        11,199     26,250    133,100      447,000      40,595     163,455       74,305              -      895,904 
 Vehicles                      -        34,077     54,868    108,734      490,628     104,434      84,957       90,231              -      967,929 
 Non-compete                   -        41,553     30,000     60,000      120,000      90,000      30,000       70,000              -      441,553 
 Liabilities / 
  Other                  116,667       539,854          -   (13,001)    (560,250)           -    (35,000)            -              -       48,269 
-----------------  -------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ----------  ----------  -----------  -------------  ----------- 
 Net assets 
  acquired               116,667       626,684    111,118    288,833      497,378     235,029     243,412      234,536              -    2,353,655 
-----------------  -------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ----------  ----------  -----------  -------------  ----------- 
 Consideration 
 Cash                          -     1,502,277    330,000     21,000    3,000,000     900,000     688,559      300,000              -    6,741,835 
 Note payable                  -        41,553    330,000    267,833    7,150,842   1,850,000     688,559      375,000      (100,000)   10,603,787 
 Non-controlling 
  interest               116,667             -          -          -            -           -           -            -              -      116,667 
-----------------  -------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ----------  ----------  -----------  -------------  ----------- 
 Total 
  consideration          116,667     1,543,830    660,000    288,833   10,150,842   2,750,000   1,377,117      675,000      (100,000)   17,462,288 
-----------------  -------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ----------  ----------  -----------  -------------  ----------- 
 
 Intangible 
  assets 
  arising on 
  acquisition 
  (see note 13)                -       917,146    548,882          -    9,653,464   2,514,971   1,133,705      440,464      (100,000)   15,108,633 
-----------------  -------------  ------------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ----------  ----------  -----------  -------------  ----------- 
 

The intangible assets arising on the above acquisitions of $15,108,633 is included in additions to goodwill and indefinite life intangible assets for owned & operated stores (see note 13).

Following acquisitions all Franchises are classed as one cash generating unit therefore cannot separately disclose revenue and profit for each individual franchise.

2020 Acquisitions

 
                   Sub. 
                    Aqu.                     San                              Melbourne     Baton     Melbourne   Brisbane 
                   Denver   Minneapolis      Jose     Maryland     Seattle     Florida      Rouge     Australia   Australia   Adjust-ments     Totals 
--------------- 
                        $             $           $           $           $           $           $           $           $              $            $ 
---------------  --------  ------------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  -------------  ----------- 
 Fair value of 
 assets and 
 liabilities 
 acquired 
 Equipment         32,430        73,720      69,397      50,410     182,950      52,750      40,500      48,644      69,364              -      620,164 
 Vehicles               -        40,922           -      75,000     187,906     108,750     115,800      80,086      92,875              -      701,340 
 Other                  -             -           -      60,000      60,000      60,000      30,000       7,164       7,036              -      224,200 
---------------  --------  ------------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  -------------  ----------- 
 Net assets 
  acquired         32,430       114,642      69,397     185,410     430,856     221,500     186,300     135,894     169,276              -    1,545,704 
---------------  --------  ------------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  -------------  ----------- 
 Consideration 
 Cash             300,000       327,670     380,000   1,350,000   4,000,000     800,000     700,000   1,270,177     351,800         50,000    9,529,647 
 Note payable           -       983,012     667,000           -   1,500,000     750,000   1,150,000           -      35,180              -    5,085,192 
---------------  --------  ------------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  -------------  ----------- 
 Total 
  consideration   300,000     1,310,682   1,047,000   1,350,000   5,500,000   1,550,000   1,850,000   1,270,177     386,980         50,000   14,614,839 
---------------  --------  ------------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  -------------  ----------- 
 
 Intangible 
  assets 
  arising on 
  acquisition 
  (see note 13)   267,570     1,196,040     977,603   1,164,590   5,069,144   1,328,500   1,663,700   1,134,283     217,704         50,000   13,069,135 
---------------  --------  ------------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  ----------  -------------  ----------- 
 

The amount of deferred consideration for 2021 acquisitions as well as the remaining deferred consideration for acquisitions made in 2018, 2019 and 2020 (after discounting anticipated cash flows to evaluate the fair value), can be summarized as follows:

 
Current                                              Year ended   Year ended 
                                                    31 December  31 December 
                       Year 
                      acquired                             2021         2020 
 ------------------------------------------------- 
                                                              $            $ 
--------------------------------------  ----------  -----------  ----------- 
 South Florida                             2018          26,466       24,928 
 Tucson                                    2019         109,650      105,884 
 Minneapolis                               2020         327,670      327,670 
 San Jose                                  2020         223,976      295,137 
 Seattle                                   2020         450,000      750,000 
 Melbourne, Florida                        2020         400,000 
 Baton Rouge                               2020         175,000      700,000 
 Brisbane, Australia                       2020                       38,320 
 Clermont                                  2021         330,000 
 Las Vegas and Phoenix                     2021       1,713,343 
 Daytona                                   2021         850,000 
 Medford                                   2021         688,559 
 PlumbRight                                2021         200,000 
 Total current deferred consideration                 5,494,663    2,241,939 
--------------------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 
 
Non-Current                                             Year ended   Year ended 
                                                       31 December  31 December 
                         Year                                 2021         2020 
                                            acquired             $            $ 
------------------------------------------  ---------  -----------  ----------- 
 South Florida                                2018         117,439      143,905 
 Tucson                                       2019         162,018      271,667 
 Minneapolis                                  2020         327,672      668,449 
 San Jose                                     2020         125,985      353,040 
 Seattle                                      2020         300,000      750,000 
 Melbourne, Florida                           2020         350,000      462,375 
 Baton Rouge                                  2020         175,000      772,500 
 Reno                                         2021          50,000 
 Las Vegas and Phoenix                        2021       5,437,499 
 Daytona                                      2021       1,000,000 
 PlumbRight                                   2021         175,000 
 Total non-current deferred consideration                8,220,613    3,421,936 
-----------------------------------------------------  -----------  ----------- 
 
   13           Intangible assets 

The calculation of amortisation of intangible assets requires the use of estimates and judgement, related to the expected useful lives of the assets.

An impairment review is undertaken annually or whenever changes in circumstances or events indicate that the carrying amount may not be recovered.

Goodwill and other indefinite life intangible assets

 
 Group                                    Goodwill relating               Goodwill 
                            Goodwill             to Owned &          on franchisor 
                        Acquisitions        Operated stores             activities       Totals 
-------------------- 
                                   $                      $                      $            $ 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 Cost 
 At 1 January 2020         3,039,251              6,995,968                636,711   10,671,930 
 Additions                   267,570             12,801,565                      -   13,069,135 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 At 31 December 
  2020                     3,306,821             19,797,533                636,711   23,741,065 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 Additions (see 
  note 12)                   917,146             14,191,487                      -   15,108,633 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 At 31 December 
  2021                     4,223,967             33,989,020                636,711   38,849,698 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 Impairment 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 At 1 January 2020         1,506,229                 75,000                      -    1,581,229 
 Impairment in year                -                      -                      -            - 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 At 31 December 
  2020                     1,506,229                 75,000                      -    1,581,229 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 Impairment in year                -                      -                      -            - 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 At 31 December 
  2021                     1,506,229                 75,000                      -    1,581,229 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 Carrying amount 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 At 31 December 
  2020                     1,800,592             19,722,533                636,711   22,159,836 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 At 31 December 
  2021                     2,717,738             33,914,020                636,711   37,268,469 
--------------------  --------------  ---------------------  ---------------------  ----------- 
 

The increase in carrying value of Goodwill Acquisitions at 31 December 2021 relate to goodwill additions arising on the acquisitions outlined in Note 12 above during 2021.

Goodwill and indefinite life intangible assets on owned & operated stores comprises legacy owned stores together with additions arising from reacquisitions of franchise operations from 2015 through 2021. Details on additions in 2021 can be found in note 12 above.

Where appropriate consideration of separately identifiable intangible assets has been considered in the evaluation of the fair value of assets acquired and the determination of the fair value of goodwill arising. For the acquisitions in 2015 - 2021 relating to the reacquisition of franchises, it is considered that the value being attributed to the purchase consideration relates to the synergies with surrounding franchises, obtaining wider geographical coverage directly within the Group, the focus to seize potential opportunity within a wider business strategy for revenue and earnings growth and the ability to expand new service offerings. Where appropriate, consideration of separate intangibles, such as covenants not to compete, are evaluated.

There is no separately identified intangible considered to arise from the customer list of a franchise reacquired given the terms of the franchise agreement and on that these customers continue to be customers of the Group's products and services before and after the reacquisition.

An impairment review is undertaken annually or whenever changes in circumstances or events indicate that the carrying amount may not be recovered. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill or indefinite life intangible assets are allocated to appropriate cash generating units which can be summarised as follows:

Goodwill on Acquisitions is allocated to separate cash generating units.

Goodwill or indefinite life intangible assets on owned & operated stores is allocated to cash generating units that are expected to benefit from the synergies of the combination.

Goodwill on Franchisor Activities is considered to be related to a single cash generating unit by reference to revenues and activities derived from the franchise royalty income and franchise related activities segments (see note 4).

The cash generating units to which goodwill or indefinite life intangible assets have been allocated are tested for impairment annually. If the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit is less than its carrying amount, the impairment loss is allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit and then to the other assets of the unit pro-rata on the basis of the carrying amount of each asset in the unit. An impairment loss recognised for goodwill is not recovered in a subsequent period.

The key assumptions/inputs used for the impairment assessment based on the forecast cash flow and revenues for 2021 were as follows:

%

Discount rate 15

Short term revenue growth 5

Long term revenue growth 3.5

Tax rate 25

Discount rate sensitivity step 2

Perpetual growth rate sensitivity step 1

This has resulted in no material impairment charge being required in 2021 (2020: $nil).

Based upon the sensitivity analysis had the estimated discount rate used been 2% higher and the perpetual revenue growth rate used been 1% lower in these calculations the Group would still not have incurred any material impairment for any of the categories of goodwill or indefinite life intangible assets.

   13           Intangible assets continued 

Other Intangible assets table

 
                                Covenants                                                                Enterprise 
                   Product       not to      Customer                                                     Solution 
                 development     compete       Lists     Trademarks   Patents    Website    Salesforce   Development     Total 
                           $             $           $            $          $          $            $             $           $ 
--------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  -----------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ------------  ---------- 
 Cost 
 At 1 January 
  2020               164,880       490,128     350,357    5,295,867     23,692     90,000            -       102,000   6,516,924 
 Additions                 -       224,200           -            -          -          -            -             -     224,200 
 Disposals                 -     (290,000)   (217,500)     (62,050)   (23,692)   (90,000)            -             -   (683,242) 
 At 31 
  December 
  2020               164,880       424,328     132,857    5,233,817          -          -            -       102,000   6,057,883 
--------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  -----------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ------------  ---------- 
 Additions           515,351       446,553           -            -    116,667          -    1,558,208             -   2,636,779 
 Disposals         (164,880)     (200,000)           -            -          -          -            -                 (364,880) 
--------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  -----------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ------------  ---------- 
 At 31 
  December 
  2021               515,351       670,881     132,857    5,233,817    116,667          -    1,558,208       102,000   8,329,782 
--------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  -----------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ------------  ---------- 
 Accumulated 
 amortisation 
  At 1 January 
   2020              164,880       290,128     323,784    3,682,108     23,692     82,500            -             -   4,567,092 
 Amortisation 
  expense                  -       193,124      27,702      261,691          -      7,500            -        34,000     524,017 
 Disposals                       (290,000)   (217,500)     (62,050)   (23,692)   (90,000)            -             -   (683,242) 
 Exchange 
  differences              -         (151)     (1,130)            -          -          -            -             -     (1,281) 
 At 31 
  December 
  2020               164,880       193,101     132,857    3,881,749          -          -            -        34,000   4,406,587 
--------------  ------------  ------------  ----------  -----------  ---------  ---------  -----------  ------------  ---------- 
 Amortisation 
  expense                  -        91,976           -      261,691      5,833          -      129,851      (19,125)     470,226 
 Disposals         (164,880)     (200,000)           -            -          -          -            -             -   (364,880) 
Exchange 
 differences               -         (188)           -            -          -          -            -             -       (188) 
At 31 December 
 2021                      -        84,889     132,857    4,143,440      5,833          -      129,851        14,875   4,511,745 
Carrying 
amount 
At 31 December 
 2020                      -       231,227           -    1,352,068          -          -            -        68,001   1,651,296 
At 31 December 
 2021                515,351       585,992           -    1,090,377    110,833          -    1,428,357        87,125   3,818,037 
 

All intangible assets have been acquired by the Group.

The calculation of amortisation of intangible assets requires the use of estimates and judgement, related to the expected useful lives of the assets.

An impairment review is undertaken annually or whenever changes in circumstances or events indicate that the carrying amount may not be recovered.

   14           Property, plant and equipment 
 
                                                                                       Right         Right 
                             Equipment      Motor      Leasehold    Buildings             of            of 
                            & displays   Vehicles   Improvements            $   Use Vehicles   Use Offices       Total 
                                     $          $              $                           $             $           $ 
Cost 
At 1 January 2020            1,976,560  1,438,578         83,672      153,391      1,394,254     1,482,950   6,529,405 
Acquired on acquisition 
 of subsidiary                  32,430          -              -            -              -             -      32,430 
Additions                    1,053,569    953,024              -            -        253,583       719,831   2,980,006 
Exchange differences            74,947   (47,310)              -        2,851            723        17,061      48,272 
Disposals                     (85,324)   (17,787)              -            -      (199,594)     (542,266)   (844,970) 
At 31 December 
 2020                        3,052,181  2,326,504         83,672      156,242      1,448,967     1,677,576   8,745,143 
Acquired on acquisition 
 of subsidiary                  77,684    115,371              -            -              -             -     193,055 
Additions                    1,587,515    789,876          4,148            -      1,947,086       899,061   5,227,687 
Purchase ROU Vehicles                -    280,124              -            -      (280,124)             -           - 
Exchange differences          (23,687)   (39,043)              -           17        (1,517)       (7,754)    (71,984) 
Disposals                            -  (122,810)              -            -              -     (538,979)   (661,789) 
At 31 December 
 2021                        4,693,694  3,350,021         87,820      156,259      3,114,413     2,029,904  13,432,111 
Accumulated depreciation 
At 1 January 2020              821,355    477,466          7,988       38,072        625,276       661,116   2,631,273 
Eliminated on 
 disposals                    (33,752)   (10,429)              -            -      (174,892)     (421,793)   (640,866) 
Depreciation expense           450,167    306,723         15,098       11,859        311,973       472,214   1,568,034 
Exchange differences             3,426      8,003              -          832             77         2,143      14,481 
At 31 December 
 2020                        1,241,197    781,762         23,085       50,764        762,433       713,681   3,572,921 
Acquired on acquisition 
 of subsidiary                  66,485     81,294              -            -              -             -     147,778 
Eliminated on 
 disposals                           -   (91,014)              -            -              -     (449,014)   (540,027) 
Purchase ROU Vehicles                -    256,007              -            -      (256,007)             -           - 
Depreciation expense           705,334    560,828         15,789       12,086        428,548       752,483   2,475,069 
Exchange differences          (10,728)   (16,485)              -         (63)          (270)       (3,312)    (30,858) 
At 31 December 
 2021                        2,002,288  1,572,391         38,875       62,787        934,704     1,013,838   5,624,883 
Carrying amount 
At 31 December 
 2020                        1,810,985  1,544,742         60,587      105,479        686,533       963,896   5,172,221 
At 31 December 
 2021                        2,691,406  1,777,630         48,945       93,472      2,179,709     1,016,067   7,807,228 
 

The value of the assets charged as security for the bank debt is $3,341,176 (2020: $2,056,692).

   15           Investment in subsidiary undertakings 
 
                                     Subsidiary 
                                   Undertakings 
Company                                       $ 
Cost 
At 31 December 2020                  13,860,551 
Exchange difference                    (47,794) 
At 31 December 2021                  13,812,758 
Impairment 
At 31 December 2020                   6,400,906 
Exchange difference                           - 
At 31 December 2021                   6,400,906 
Carrying amount 
At 31 December 2020                   7,459,645 
At 31 December 2021                   7,411,782 
 

The Directors annually assess the carrying value of the investment in the subsidiary and in their opinion no impairment provision is currently necessary. See notes 12 and 13 for the assumptions and sensitivities in assessing the carrying value of the investment.

The net carrying amounts noted above relate to the US incorporated subsidiaries.

The subsidiary undertakings during the year were as follows:

 
                                                                                  Interest 
                                                                                      held 
                                           Registered office             Country         % 
                                                     address    of incorporation 
Water Intelligence International   27-28 Eastcastle Street, 
 Limited* (leak detection           London, United Kingdom,   England 
 products and services)             W1W 8DH                    and Wales              100% 
                                   Agriculture house, 
                                    Acland Rd, 
Wat-er-save Services Limited        Dorchester DT1 1EF                                100% 
Water Intelligence Australia       1 Farrer Place, Sydney, 
 Pty                                NSW 2000                  Australia               100% 
American Leak Detection            199 Whitney Avenue, 
 Holding Corp. (holding             New Haven, Connecticut 
 company of ALD Inc.) *             06511 US                  US                      100% 
 
  American Leak Detection,         199 Whitney Avenue, 
  Inc. (leak detection product      New Haven, Connecticut 
  and services)                     06511 US                  US                      100% 
                                   8-4696 Bartlette Rd. 
Canadian Leak Detection,            Beamsville, Ontario 
 Inc.                               L0R 1B1                   Canada                  100% 
Qonnectis Group Limited            27-28 Eastcastle Street,   England 
 (dormant)                          London, United Kingdom,    and Wales 
                                    W1W 8DH 
NRW Utilities Limited (Dormant)    27-28 Eastcastle Street,   England 
                                    London, United Kingdom,    and Wales 
                                    W1W 8DH 
 

* Subsidiaries owned directly by the Parent Company. These subsidiaries - WII and ALDHC - represent the two principal business lines of the Parent Company. Wat-er-save, Water Intelligence Australia, Canadian Leak Detection and American Leak Detection Inc. are also wholly-owned by the two principal subsidiaries and indirectly owned by the Parent.

The Company's strategy involves acquisitions, especially of franchisees. Not all acquisitions are 100% owned. American Leak Detection has as a 60% stake in a reacquired franchise in Bakersfield, California. American Leak Detection has an unrestricted option to acquire the remaining 40% at a pre-set price at any time in the future. American Leak Detection also has a 51% stake in a former franchise located in Denver, Colorado. Finally, American Leak Detection owns 75% of the IntelliDitch subsidiary that was set up as part of the acquisition of IP assets from FastDitch in 2021.

   16           Inventories 
 
                                   Group 
                           Year ended     Year ended 
                          31 December    31 December 
                                 2021           2020 
                                    $              $ 
Group Inventories             677,218        444,791 
 

During the year ended 31 December 2021, an expense of $8,964,486 (2020: $8,830,250) was recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, including business to business expenses of $8,288,217 (2020: $8,024,178). There has been no write down of inventories during 2021.

   17           Trade and other receivables 
 
                                                     Group                             Company 
                                      Year ended     Year ended     Year ended          Year ended 
                                     31 December    31 December    31 December         31 December 
                                            2021           2020           2021                2020 
                                               $              $              $                   $ 
Trade notes receivable                   429,219        581,191            - -                   - 
Due from Group undertakings                    -              -     23,270,653           4,019,000 
 
 

All trade notes receivables are due within five years from the end of the reporting period.

 
                                          Group                        Company 
                                  Year ended     Year ended     Year ended     Year ended 
                                 31 December    31 December    31 December    31 December 
                                        2021           2020           2021           2020 
                                           $              $              $              $ 
Trade receivables                  4,414,329      2,843,462              -              - 
Prepayments                        1,928,308        899,903        110,917          3,973 
Due from Group undertakings                -              -      4,670,366      3,049,570 
Accrued royalties receivable         513,853        673,832              -              - 
Trade notes receivable               194,590        212,681              -              - 
Other receivables                    997,709      1,093,994              -              - 
Due from related party               331,106        325,195              -              - 
Current portion                    8,379,894      6,049,067      4,781,282      3,053,543 
 

Trade receivables disclosed above are classified as loans and receivables and are therefore measured at amortised cost. The Directors consider that the carrying amount of trade and other receivables approximates their fair value.

Accrued royalties receivable are never reclassified to trade receivables as, should any royalties be withheld or unpaid, the Group has the right to take back the relevant franchise.

The average credit period taken on sales is 39 days (2020: 39 days).The carrying amounts of the Group's trade and other receivables are denominated in the following currencies:

 
                           Year ended     Year ended 
                          31 December    31 December 
                                 2021           2020 
                                    $              $ 
US Dollar                   7,108,323      5,229,898 
UK Pound                      905,624        504,926 
Australian Dollar             286,598        293,179 
Canadian Dollar                34,100         21,063 
                            8,334,644      6,049,067 
 

The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date is the carrying value of each class of receivable mentioned above. The Group does not hold any collateral as security.

   18           Cash and cash equivalents 
 
                                         Group                       Company 
                                Year ended     Year ended     Year ended     Year ended 
                               31 December    31 December    31 December    31 December 
                                      2021           2020           2021           2020 
                                         $              $              $              $ 
Cash at bank and in hand        23,802,352      6,818,715      1,865,798        366,737 
 
 
   19           Trade and other payables 
 
                                         Group                        Company 
                                 Year ended     Year ended     Year ended     Year ended 
                                31 December    31 December    31 December    31 December 
                                       2021           2020           2021           2020 
                                          $              $              $              $ 
Trade payables                      723,458      1,526,733          6,881         21,094 
Accruals and other payables 
 (Note 2)                         3,470,573      2,373,732        125,745        121,452 
Due to Group undertakings                 -              -              -              - 
                                  4,194,031      3,900,465        132,626        142,546 
 

Trade payables and accruals principally comprise amounts outstanding for trade purchases and ongoing costs and are payable within 3 months. The average credit period taken for trade purchases is 16 days (2020:16 days ).

   20           Deferred Tax 

The analysis of deferred tax liabilities is as follows:

 
Group                                     2021       2020 
                                             $          $ 
Deferred tax (liability)/assets    (1,576,872)  (957,170) 
 
 
The movement in deferred tax liabilities is as follows: 
2021                                                     Recognized               Recognized 
                                            Opening   in the income   in Other Comprehensive      Closing 
                                            balance       statement                   Income      balance 
                                                  $               $                        $            $ 
Temporary differences:                            -               -                        -            - 
Net operating profit                              -               -                        -            - 
 (loss) (non-current) 
Short term temporary 
 differences                              (957,170)       (557,329)                 (62,373)  (1,576,872) 
                                          (957,170)       (557,329)                 (62,373)  (1,576,872) 
 
2020                                                     Recognized               Recognized 
                                            Opening   in the income   in Other Comprehensive      Closing 
                                            balance       statement                   Income      balance 
                                                  $               $                        $            $ 
Temporary differences:                            -               -                        -            - 
Net operating profit                              -               -                        -            - 
 (loss) (non-current) 
Short term temporary 
 differences                              (588,684)       (436,637)                   68,151    (957,170) 
                                          (588,684)       (436,637)                   68,151    (957,170) 
 

At the balance sheet date, the Group's UK trading subsidiaries had unused tax losses (as reported on the Group's tax returns) of GBP3,739,716 (2020: GBP5,898,312) available for offset against future profits. GBP934,929 (2020: GBP1,002,713) represents unrecognized deferred tax assets thereon at 25%. The deferred tax asset has not been recognized due to uncertainty over timing of utilization.

   21        Share capital 

The issued share capital in the year was as follows:

Group & Company

 
                                       Shares held 
                            Ordinary   in treasury 
                       Shares Number        Number    Total Number 
At 31 December 2020       15,434,784        65,538      15,500,322 
At 31 December 2021       17,366,688        51,000      17,417,688 
 

.

Group & Company

 
                                                    Shares in 
                      Share capital  Share premium   Treasury 
                                  $              $          $ 
At 31 December 2020         116,212     12,091,069  (340,327) 
At 31 December 2021         141,594     35,208,586  (468,425) 
 

At various times during 2021, the Company bought 51,000 shares into treasury at a purchase price range of 600p to 992p.

On 8 February 2021, the Company issued 6,500 shares to Bobby Knell in lieu of 2019 and 2020 director fees.

On 12 March 2021, the Company issued 20,000 shares pursuant to an exercise of options.

On 14 July 2021, the Company announced a capital raise, pursuant to which the Company sold 547,078 new ordinary shares to raise GBP5.0 million. At the same time, Patrick DeSouza, Executive Chairman of the Company, fully paid 120,000 of his partly paid shares and, in addition, options over 130,000 ordinary shares were exercised and sold to incoming investors. All of these shares were admitted to trading on AIM on 19 July 2021.

On 12 November 2021, the Company announced a capital raise, pursuant to which the Company sold 1,041,667 new ordinary shares to raise GBP12.5 million. These shares were admitted to trading on AIM on 17 November 2021.

Reverse acquisition reserve

The reverse acquisition reserve was created in accordance with IFRS3 Business Combinations and relates to the reverse acquisition of Qonnectis Plc by ALDHC in July 2010. Although these Consolidated Financial Statements have been issued in the name of the legal parent, the Company it represents in substance is a continuation of the financial information of the legal subsidiary ALDHC. A reverse acquisition reserve was created in 2010 to enable the presentation of a consolidated statement of financial position which combines the equity structure of the legal parent with the reserves of the legal subsidiary. Qonnectis Plc was renamed Water Intelligence Plc on completion of the reverse acquisition on 29 July 2010.

   22      Lease liability 
 
                                             Year ended     Year ended 
                                            31 December    31 December 
                                                   2021           2020 
                                                      $              $ 
 Lease liabilities in statement of 
  financial position 
 Amounts due within one year                  1,161,879        771,713 
 Amount due after more than one year          2,048,288        991,720 
                                              3,210,167      1,763,433 
Amount recognized in the statement of 
 comprehensive income 
 Interest on leasehold liabilities              136,986         93,912 
 
Amount recognized in the statement 
 of 
 cash flows 
 Repayment of lease liabilities               1,448,594        813,667 
 
 
   23          Financial instruments 

The Group has exposure to the following key risks related to financial instruments:

   i.        Market risk (including foreign currency risk management) 
   ii.       Interest rate risk 
   iii.       Credit risk 
   iv.      Liquidity risk 

This note presents information about the Group's exposure to each of the above risks, the Group's objectives, policies and processes for measuring and managing risk, and the Group's management of capital. Further quantitative disclosures are included throughout these consolidated Financial Statements.

The Directors determine, as required, the degree to which it is appropriate to use financial instruments or other hedging contracts or techniques to mitigate risk. The main risk affecting such instruments is foreign currency risk which is discussed below. Throughout the year ending 31 December 2021 no trading in financial instruments was undertaken (2020: none) and the Group did not have any derivative or hedging instruments.

The Group uses financial instruments including cash, loans and finance leases, as well as trade receivables and payables that arise directly from operations.

Due to the simple nature of these financial instruments, there is no material difference between book and fair values. Discounting would not give a material difference to the results of the Group and the Directors believe that there are no material sensitivities that require additional disclosure.

Fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities

The estimated difference between the carrying amount and the fair values of the Group's financial assets and financial liabilities is not considered material.

Credit risk

The Group's principal financial assets are bank balances, cash, cash equivalents, trade and other receivables. The Group's credit risk is primarily attributable to its trade receivables and cash and cash equivalents. Receivables are regularly monitored and assessed for recoverability. The Group has no significant concentration of credit risk as exposure is spread over a number of customers. As at 31 December 2021, 70.39% was held with one counterparty with a credit rating of Aaa and a further 14.83% was held with another counterparty with a credit rating of A-.

The Group applies the IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses which uses a lifetime expected loss allowance for all trade receivables. To measure the expected credit losses, trade receivables have been grouped based on the shared credit risk characteristics and the days past due. The expected loss rates are based on the historic payment profiles of sales and the credit losses experienced within this period. The historical loss rates are adjusted to reflect current and forward-looking information.

As the Group does not hold any collateral, the maximum exposure to credit risk is represented by the carrying amount of the financial assets as at the end of each reporting period.

As at 31 December 2021, trade receivables of $438,284 (2020: $281,805) were past due but not impaired. These relate to a number of customers for whom there is no history of default. The ageing analysis of these trade receivables is as follows:

Ageing of past due but not impaired receivables

 
                            Year ended     Year ended 
                           31 December    31 December 
                                  2021           2020 
                                     $              $ 
60-90 days                     196,106         87,621 
90+ days                       242,178        194,184 
                               438,284        281,805 
Average age (days)                  95             95 
 
 

The Group believes that no impairment allowance is necessary in respect of trade receivables that are past due but not impaired. This is based on the Group's good historic track record of collection for all such receivables.

Credit risk management

Credit risk refers to the risk that a counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in financial loss to the Group. The Group seeks to limit credit risk on liquid funds through trading only with counterparties that are banks with high credit ratings assigned by international credit rating agencies.

Exposure to credit risk

The carrying amount of financial assets represents the maximum credit exposure. The exposure to credit risk at the year-end was in respect of the past due receivables that have not been impaired are disclosed in note 17.

Categories of financial instruments

 
                                           Group                          Company 
                                                          Year 
                                 Year ended              ended     Year ended     Year ended 
                                31 December        31 December    31 December    31 December 
                                       2021               2020           2021           2020 
                                          $                  $              $              $ 
Loans and receivables                     -                  -              -              - 
Cash and cash equivalents        23,802,352          6,818,715      1,865,798        366,737 
Trade and other receivables 
 - current                        8,379,894          6,049,067     28,051,935      7,072,544 
Trade and other receivables 
 - non-current                      429,219            581,191              -              - 
Financial Liabilities 
 measured at amortised cost 
Trade and other payables          4,194,031          3,900,465        132,626        142,545 
Borrowings - current              3,325,579          3,713,323              -              - 
Borrowings - non-current          8,176,893          6,839,981              -              - 
Deferred consideration 
 - current                        5,494,663          2,241,939              -              - 
Deferred consideration 
 - non-current                    8,220,613          3,421,936              -              - 
 

Borrowings

Bank Debt

The Group has a commercial banking relationship with People's United Bank (People's) (acquired in April 2022 by M&T Bank) with various facilities: a working capital line of credit ("WCL"); acquisition lines of credit ("ALOCs"), and term loans ("Term Loans").

A $2,000,000 WCL is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Group. On October 13, 2020, the WCL was extended to a maturity date of December 5, 2021 and bore an annual variable interest rate equal to equal to LIBOR plus 3.00%. On December 4, 2021, the WCL was extended to a maturity date of December 5, 2023 and bears an annual variable interest rate equal to LIBOR plus 3.00%. At December 31, 2021 and 2020, the interest rate was 4.00%. Monthly interest only payments on any unpaid balance were made during 2021 and 2020. The balance outstanding at December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $226,737, and is included within line of credit on the consolidated balance sheets.

In addition to the $2,000,000 line of credit, People's had provided the Group with two acquisition lines of credit (ALOC 1 and ALOC 2). Both ALOC 1 and ALOC 2 were refinanced on October 13, 2020. People's provided the Group with a term loan in the amount of $4,607,000 ("Term Loan"). The Term Loan bears interest at a rate equal to 3.58% and requires installments consisting of principal of $85,315 plus accrued interest to be paid monthly beginning in November 2020 until maturity in May 2025. The loan is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Group. The balance outstanding at December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $3,497,907 and $4,521,685, respectively and is included within notes payable on the balance sheets.

As part of the refinancing, People's provided the Group with a new ALOC ("New ALOC") in the amount of $6,000,000. The New ALOC has a two year draw period. The line bears interest at a rate equal to LIBOR plus 3.00%. As of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the interest rate was 3.59% and requires installments of principal and interest amounting to $39,816 to be paid per month beginning in November 2020 until maturity in October 2025. As part of the agreement, the New ALOC advance would be converted into a term loan if any ALOC advance exceeded $500,000 or automatically at the end of each draw period. Upon conversion, the term loan would bear interest at a rate per annum equal to three (3) percentage points in excess of People's five year cost of funds interest rate; with a floor of 3.25%. New ALOC is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Group.

The balance outstanding at December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $1,831,546 and $2,309,342, respectively and is included within notes payable on the balance sheets.

In February 2021, the Group was advanced $3,200,000 from the New ALOC which converted the New ALOC into a new term loan ("New Term Loan"). The New Term Loan bears interest at a rate equal to 3.64% and requires installments consisting of principal and interest amounting to $53,333 to be paid monthly beginning in March 2021 until maturity in February 2026. The New Term Loan is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Group. The balance outstanding at December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $2,666,667 and $0, respectively and is included within notes payable on the balance sheets.

To summarize the above, the total amount of prior borrowings that have been refinanced at December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $3,497,907 and $4,521,685 respectively. In addition, the total amount of borrowings under new ALOC facilities at December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $4,498,213 and $2,309,341 respectively.

As noted in the subsequent events, the Group expanded its credit facilities in April 2022. The interest rate for the new acquisition line of credit was established using the SOFR index. Additionally, the existing working capital line of credit interest rate was amended upon renewal in December 2021 to be calculated using the SOFR index. Therefore, the Group will not be impacted by the IBOR reform.

In connection with the People's line of credit, ALOC, and term note facilities, the Group is required to comply with certain financial and non-financial covenants. The most restrictive of these covenants includes a debt service coverage ratio to be tested quarterly and a maximum total funded debt to EBITDA ratio minimal to be tested quarterly. The Group was in compliance with those requirements at December 31, 2021.

PPP Program - The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) brings much needed relief to business owners affected by the coronavirus. Not only does this loan program provide funding to help cover payroll and other expenses, but if used for qualifying purposes, part or all of the loan can be forgiven. ALD applied for and received funding of $1,869,800 under this program in April 2020. The Group received notification from the SBA on March 31, 2021 that the full advance of $1,869,800 was forgiven. The gain on the loan forgiveness was recognized in 2021, with the related expenses recognized in 2020.

 
                                       Current                      Non-Current 
                                Year ended     Year ended     Year ended      Year ended 
                               31 December    31 December    31 December     31 December 
                                      2021           2020           2021            2020 
 Financial Instruments                   $              $              $               $ 
Term loans                       1,106,366      1,074,507      2,676,484       3,585,440 
PPP Loan                                 -      1,449,769              -         420,031 
Working Capital Line of 
 Credit                                  -              -        226,737         226,737 
Acquisition Line of Credit       1,117,795        477,795      3,380,418       1,831,546 
Less: Loan Closing Costs          (60,461)       (60,461)      (155,034)       (215,495) 
Lease Liabilities                1,161,879        771,713      2,048,288         991,721 
Total                            3,325,579      3,713,323      8,176,893       6,839,981 
 

Capital risk management

In managing its capital, the Group's primary objective is to maintain a sufficient funding base to enable working capital, research and development commitments and strategic investment needs to be met and therefore to safeguard the Group's ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns to shareholders and benefits to other stakeholders. In making decisions to adjust its capital structure to achieve these aims, through new share issues, the Group considers not only its short-term position but also its long term operational and strategic objectives.

The capital structure of the Group currently consists of cash and cash equivalents, short and medium term borrowings and equity comprising issued capital, reserves and retained earnings. Other than with respect to Bank Debt, the Group is not subject to any externally imposed capital requirements.

Significant accounting policies

Details of the significant accounting policies including the criteria for recognition, the basis of measurement and the bases for recognition of income and expense for each class of financial asset, financial liability and equity instrument are disclosed in Note 3.

Foreign currency risk management

The Group undertakes transactions denominated in foreign currencies (other than the functional currency of the Company and its UK operations, being GBP Sterling), with exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. These transactions predominately relate to royalties receivable in the US denominated in currencies other than US$ being Canadian Dollars, Australian Dollars and Euro; royalties from such outside US sources in 2021 were $104,760 (2020: $119,271). No foreign exchange contracts were in place at 31 December 2021 (2020: Nil).

The carrying amount of the Group's foreign currency denominated monetary assets and monetary liabilities were:

 
                                   Group                        Company 
                           Year ended     Year ended     Year ended     Year ended 
                          31 December    31 December    31 December    31 December 
                                 2021           2020           2021           2020 
                                    $              $              $              $ 
Assets 
Sterling, Australian 
 and Canadian Dollars       4,288,235      1,685,233     29,917,733      7,439,281 
Liabilities 
Sterling, Australian 
 and Canadian Dollars       1,146,338      1,053,196        132,626        142,545 
 

As shown above, at 31 December 2021 the Group had Sterling, Australian and Canadian denominated monetary net assets of $4,288,235 (2020: $1,685,233). If the foreign currency weakens by 10% against the US dollar, this would decrease net assets by $428,824 (2020: $168,523) with a corresponding impact on reported losses. Changes in exchange rate movements resulted in a loss from exchange differences on a translation of foreign exchange of $221,281 in 2021 (2020: gain of $33,375), resulting primarily from the share issuance during the year in Pound Sterling and subsequent intercompany transfer accounted in US Dollars.

Interest rate risk management

The Group is potentially exposed to interest rate risk because the Group borrows and deposits funds at both fixed and floating interest rates. However, at the year end, the majority of borrowings are subject to fixed rates with only the WCL subject to variable rates. The fixed rate borrowings at the year end are $8,065,568 (2020: $8,563,132) and the variable rate borrowings are $226,767 for both years.

Interest rate sensitivity analysis

The losses recorded by both the Group and the Company for the year ended 31 December 2021 would not materially change if market interest rates had been 1% higher/lower throughout 2021 and all other variables were held constant.

Liquidity risk management

Ultimate responsibility for liquidity management rests with management. The Group's practice is to regularly review cash needs and to place excess funds on fixed term deposits for periods not exceeding one month. The Group manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate banking facilities and by continuously monitoring forecast and actual cash flows.

The Directors have prepared a business plan and forecast for the period to 31 December 2023. The forecast contains certain assumptions about the level of future sales and the level of margins achievable. These assumptions are the Directors' best estimate of the future development of the business. The Directors acknowledge that the Group in the near-term trading is primarily reliant on cash generation from its predominantly US-based corporate-operated profits and franchisee royalty income.

The following tables detail the Group's remaining contractual maturity for its non-derivative financial liabilities with agreed repayment periods. The tables have been drawn up based on the undiscounted cash flows of financial liabilities based on the earliest due repayment dates. The table shows principal cash flows.

 
 0-6 months                        6-12 months  >12 months       Total 
  Group $                                    $           $           $ 
2021 
Payables                4,194,030            -           -   4,194,030 
Lease liabilities         607,899      553,980   2,048,288   3,210,167 
Borrowings              1,092,915    1,070,786   6,128,605   8,292,306 
Deferred consideration  4,558,239      936,424   8,220,613  13,715,276 
 0-6 months                        6-12 months  >12 months       Total 
  Group $                                    $           $           $ 
2020 
Payables                3,900,465            -           -   3,900,465 
Lease liabilities         365,363      406,350     991,720   1,763,433 
Borrowings              2,619,786      321,824   5,848,261   8,789,871 
Deferred consideration  1,364,771      877,168   3,421,936   5,663,875 
 

Interest expected to be paid on liabilities are shown in the table below

 
 0-6 months                      6-12 months  >12 months      Total 
  Group $                                  $           $          $ 
2021 
Payables                      -            -           -          - 
Lease liabilities        79,609       80,041     250,157    409,807 
Borrowings              220,481      277,735     942,856  1,441,072 
Deferred consideration  365,666      304,101     646,268  1,316,034 
 

The Company has no non-derivative financial liabilities.

Derivatives

The Group and Company have no derivative financial instruments .

Fair values

The Directors consider that the carrying amounts of financial assets and financial liabilities approximate their fair values.

Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activities

The changes in the Group's liabilities arising from financing activities can be classified as follows:

 
                                      Long-term   Short-term  Lease Liabilities        Total 
                                     borrowings   borrowings 
                                              $            $                  $            $ 
At 1 January 2021                     5,848,261    2,941,610          1,763,433   10,553,304 
Cash flows 
 
        *    Repayment              (1,827,765)            -        (1,448,594)  (3,276,359) 
 
        *    Proceeds                 3,200,000            -                  -    3,200,000 
Non-cash 
 
        *    New Leases                       -            -          2,895,328    2,895,328 
 
        *    PPP loan forgiveness     (420,031)  (1,449,769)                  -  (1,869,800) 
 
        *    Reclassification         (671,860)      671,860                  -            - 
As at 31 December 
 2021                                 6,128,605    2,163,701          3,210,167   11,502,473 
 
 
                                  Long-term   Short-term  Lease Liabilities        Total 
                                 borrowings   borrowings 
                                          $            $                  $            $ 
At 1 January 2020                 2,321,401    1,163,055          1,703,805    5,188,261 
Cash flows 
 
        *    Repayment            (848,421)            -          (813,667)  (1,662,088) 
 
        *    Proceeds             6,153,836            -                  -    6,153,836 
Non-cash 
 
        *    New Leases                   -            -            873,295      873,295 
                                          -            -                  -            - 
        *    Fair value 
 
        *    Reclassification   (1,778,555)    1,778,555                  -            - 
As at 31 December 
 2020                             5,848,261    2,941,610          1,763,433   10,553,304 
 
   24           Fair value measurement 

The following table provides the fair value measurement hierarchy for assets measured at fair value:

 
                                                        Fair value measurement using 
                                                       Quoted 
                                                      process  Significant    Significant 
                                                    in active   observable   unobservable 
                                                      markets       inputs         inputs 
                                            Total      (Level       (Level      (Level 3) 
                                                           1)           2) 
Assets measured at 
 fair value             Date of valuation    $000        $000         $000           $000 
Listed equity investments 
  SEEEN investment 31 December 2021         1,185       1,185            -              - 
  SEEEN investment 31 December 2020         1,564       1,564            -              - 
 
 

To estimate fair value, the lower end of the bid-offer spread as at 31 December 2021 was used to calculate the value of the holding. There is an active market for the Group's liquid equity investment.

   25           Contingent liabilities 

The Directors are not aware of any material contingent liabilities.

   26           Related party transactions 

PSS was one former owner of ALDHC until the reverse merger in 2010 that created Water Intelligence. PSS is now a significant shareholder of Water Intelligence and hence is a related party to the Company. PSS provides a technology license to Water Intelligence and ALD on terms favourable to Water Intelligence and ALD. The license is royalty-free for the first $5 million of sales for products developed with PSS technology. PSS also guarantees the bank debt of Water Intelligence as described below.

During the normal course of operations, there are intercompany transactions among PSS, Water Intelligence plc, ALDHC and ALD. In previous years, PSS charged administrative fees to the Company to cover activities taken on behalf of company business, including research. The financial results of these related party transactions are reviewed by an independent director of Water Intelligence plc, the parent of ALDHC and ALD.

As described in Note 23, the Company's parent (and the Company as co-borrower) have different credit facilities with Peoples. For the PSS guarantee, ALDHC pays 0.75% per annum based on the outstanding balance of the loan calculated at the end of each month. Interest charged on the PSS receivable will match the interest rate charged by the bank. The monthly charge for the PSS guarantee would not change and would be offset against amounts owed by PSS. The charge will be eliminated should the guarantee no longer be required by the bank. Interest income related to the PSS receivable amounted to $18,937 and $18,062 for the years December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The guarantee fee expense for the PSS guarantee amounted to $67,000 and $38,219 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. During 2021 the Company paid expenses on behalf of PSS in the amount of $54,374. The related receivable/prepaid balance remaining is $331,106 and $325,195 at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

During the year, the Company had the following transactions with its subsidiary companies:

 
Water Intelligence International Limited                     $ 
Balance at 31 December 2020                          3,049,570 
Net loans to subsidiary                                      - 
Other expenses recharged and exchange differences    1,620,796 
Balance at 31 December 2021                          4,670,366 
 
 ALDHC                                                       $ 
Balance at 31 December 2020                                  - 
Loans prepaid by WI capital raise                            - 
Balance at 31 December 2021                                  - 
 
 ALD Inc.                                                    $ 
Balance at 31 December 2020                          4,019,000 
Loans incurred due to WI capital raise              19,205,100 
Loans paid to WI                                             - 
Other expenses recharged and exchange differences       46,552 
Balance at 31 December 2021                         23,270,653 
 
   27           Subsequent events 

On 19 January 2022, the Group announced the reacquisition of its Fort Worth, Texas franchise territory within the Group's ALD franchise business. The Fort Worth operation is fast-growing and expected to accelerate further by adding new service locations in north and west Texas during 2022. Moreover, this reacquisition reinforces the Group's strategy of establishing regional corporate hubs in the US that have scale to fuel growth in nearby corporate and franchise locations. The purchase price of $7.7 million in cash is to be paid over three years.. The purchase price is based on 2021 pro forma of $3.6 million in revenue and $1.2 million in profit before tax.

On 3 February 2022, the Group announced the sale of certain territory in rural North Carolina to an existing, fast-growing franchisee of American Leak Detection (ALD). The purchase price for the territory is $90,000, all of which is recognised as revenue at 100% profit margin. It is also expected that the franchise owner will be purchasing additional equipment from ALD to launch service vehicles to develop the territory. Finally, the commercialization of such "greenfield" territory will also add royalty income to the Group's ALD business unit during 2022.

On 7 April 2022, the Group announced the expansion of its acquisition line of credit to include an additional $15 million for further acquisitions of its franchises. As part of the facility, the Group entered into swap arrangements that maintain a fixed interest rate of approximately 5.5% on amounts drawn under the facility and are amortised over a term of five years. The covenants and guarantee requirements for the new facility remain the same all other credit facilities with People's Bank, now operating post-acquisition as part of M&T Bank.

On 12 May 2022, the Group announced the reacquisition of its American Leak Detection Central Texas franchise. The franchise includes the cities of Abilene, Lubbock and Midland which are west of recently launched corporate-operated locations of Fort Worth (via franchise acquisition) and Wichita Falls (greenfield). The purchase price of $0.75 million in cash is based on the franchise's 2021 Statement of Income of $0.65 million in revenue and $0.21 million in profit before tax.

   28           Control 

The Company is under the control of its shareholders and not any one party. The shareholdings of the directors and entities in which they are related are as outlined within the Director's Report.

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(END) Dow Jones Newswires

June 09, 2022 02:02 ET (06:02 GMT)

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